With medical tricorder, genome sequence, evolution of

With tremendous speed, technology has changed all aspects of traditional life. All sectors, without exception, are subject to radical changes driven by technological development towards a “smart” digital future. The healthcare sector is one of the fastest-changing sectors. Artificial intelligence, robots, virtual reality and many other technologies will play an important role in changing the face of health care soon. In his book “Top 10 Trends in the Future of Health Care”, Dr. Bertalan Mesko, MD, a PhD in futuristic medicine, analyzes the most important technologies that will change the healthcare sector. He offers a simplified presentation of the most prominent of these techniques, ranging from: artificial intelligence, virtual reality and enhanced reality, wearable devices, medical tricorder, genome sequence, evolution of drugs, nanotechnology, robots to 3D printing. The Use Of Technology Within Medicine:Technology has shortened time and effort and developed medicine with very large and unpredictable developments, regardless of material cost. . The enormous technological changes in the field of medicine and healthcare are moving steadily towards us, benefiting a large segment of people: patients, doctors, researchers and medical students, and will have a great impact on society.In addition to that new technologies is beneficial, it also has disadvantages and negative affects. For example:The continuously improved technologies definitely comesexpensive, due to that not all the population can get access to these health services.Over-dependence on technology: Once the staff have adapted to the new technologies and their new way of work, the problems come starting with computer system that faces technical errors, the healthcare system is not exception and such these errors may occur. different departments in a healthcare institution are interconnected with a common informatics system, when a department has an error, others will be affected.Susceptibility to network hackers: Patients medical reports history and other information related to the healthcare institution must be kept safe for legal, ethical and privacy reasons. Even if the healthcare system is well equipped with security measures, its still possible for hackers to hack the network.These help to develop doctors’ skills, reduce their professional errors and speed up patient rescue, because cooperation between technology giants and medical centers produces a scientific basis for early diagnosis and diagnosis.Virtual reality and enhanced reality will be a major boost in the future of health care. Doctors will be able to perform operations through virtual reality remotely. Not only that, Embodied Labs has developed a virtual reality technique that enables young doctors to test the feeling of older patients with visual and auditory disabilities in order to improve the way patients are treated. In terms of enhanced reality, this technology will help medical students to experience operations effectively and will help doctors improve their skills. On the other hand, today’s wearable devices are used as “modern” things for teenagers, but for health care workers they will be a precious treasure trove of data. These devices, specifically for tracking health care, will enable doctors and patients alike to: monitor and regulate their weight, stress level, sleep hours and fitness level.The Trekorder is a doctors’ dream, a handheld scanner used to self-diagnose medical cases within seconds and to take basic biometrics. Today, this device remains elusive despite the appearance of some similar devices. However, with its invention, “we will be able to see microscopic microbes through the smartphone and analyze some samples through images. Sensors can also pick up DNA abnormalities or detect antibodies and specific proteins.The possibility of mapping a person’s genetic map in the future at a lower cost than the blood test, which gives us many information about allergies to medications, health conditions and family history. Technology will also develop drugs through computer simulations used to develop, control and even test pharmaceuticals and interventions on models of hypothetical patients. Nanotechnology will act as accurate delivery systems, cancer treatment tools and small surgery. Scientists are testing very small robots that can swim in the blood and reach the point.Nanotechnology works at the Nano scale. Two forms of Nanoare coming in the next few years, they will be using gold Nano shells to help diagnose cancer in addition to treat it, and use the liposomes as a vehicles to transport drugs. This technology has offered the possibility of delivering  transporting  drugs to a specific cells using the nanoparticles.The main possible uses for nanotechnology are:1- Treating cancer by Gold Nano shells.2- Diagnoses.3- Drug delivery vehicles.4- Tissue repair could be able to reproduce a tissue or repair a damaged tissue .There are two directions will have a significant impact on health care: robots and holographic printing. Robots will be numerous, ranging from robot surgeon, microbicides robots and other. “With the help of these devices, people with paralysis will be able to move again,” according to Dr. Mesko. Holographic printing can be used to make tissues with blood vessels, bones and artificial skin.The Impact Of Technology On Professions:80% of what doctors do will be replaced by technology.Most of physicians work testing, checkups, diagnosis, behavior modification, and prescription  passive data collection, sensors and analytics can do it better than physicians.Physicians are supposed to consume that data, consider it within the latest medical findings and studies and the patient history, and focus if there is something going wrong. not only measure!With the help of new, latest and future technologies, the doctors will be better at their jobs – more accurate, quicker and fact-based. Over time, physicians will relay more and more on technology for diagnosis, triage and most of their tasks. due to that, fewer physicians will be needed, and all patients will receive the best appropriate care.Diagnosis, and treatment plans will be done through computers, used considering the empathetic support by the medical personnel selected for their love to care personalities, instead of their diagnostic abilities.Medicine isn’t about only prevention, diagnosis and treatment, it’s about building relationships, and interactions between the workforce and patients. to answer questions and care can be done by persons better than a machine, but that does not require a medical degree to do it. nurses, social workers, and other people in workforce can do it.Physicians will still at risk with technology phenomenon that is becoming more important than the workforce and will become more and more important in the coming 20 years. especially that many of physicians work can be done eaitherby machines, robots or by other workers such as: pharmacists, nurses and physician assistants.This pressure will put healthcare workers and especially the physicians in a big challenge, physicians will be identified by their unique technical skills, experience, insight and clinical judgement, instead of being identified on their specialty. Do We Need More Staff Or Less Staff, And Why?The need for staff will decrease in somehow, because Researchers believe that within 17 years from now, and approximately 47% of all jobs can be completed replaced by robots. Similarly, findings have been published stating that by the year 2025 many jobs will be eliminated and will be lost to robots. In addition, in the future many physicians will be also replaced by robots, meaning robots will be able to diagnose the patient and will be able to carry on the surgery without the aid or control of a physician or surgeon.Meanwhile, robots will completely replace surgeons within 30 years from now. However, nurses are at a lower risk of being placed by robots, A report for McKinsey, for instance, found that less than 30% of the nurse’s tasks will be replaced by automation, so in the future the organizations will still in need for the nurses in addition to the latest technologies, but physicians won’t be replaced that easily it will require time and years, up to 30 years. In addition, according to the medical global market it has been estimated that around USD 11.4 billion will be reached within 2022 from USD 4.2 billion in 2015. As well as, a research conducted in the UAE found that Abu Dhabi by the year 2022 the requirement of doctors will be reduced by 1162. Also, in the city of Dubai, requirement of doctors will be only 6151 instead of 7324 and for nurses only 6451 nurses will be required instead of 8510. Robotic and automation will have a negative impact on human resources requirments in healthcare, and many healthcare jobs will become obsolete and will require any type of human interference.  What Specialties We Need?Work of doctors and specialists is anticipated to grow 14 percent through years, substantially speedier than the normal for all occupations. Job growth is planned due to increased requests for healthcare services by the growing and aging population.Individuals are living longer and requiring longer care. Progressions in technologies make new specialties and treatment choices. Which let the medical practices are more complex, and needing more managerial support.There are many specialties that will be needed and developing in the future for the people to enhance their wellbeing and health with new technologies, techniques, and equipment. Those specialties are:1) General practitioner: many physicians choose this specialty to make an effect on individual’s life. Seeing someone only when they are feeling sick or bad from anything randomly makes it difficult to prevent disease. It is even harder to do so when waiting rooms are overcrowded, and you only have a few minutes to diagnose illness, design a therapy and offer health advice. But with the wearable sensors and devices that flows the data to the doctor’s smart phones ,notifying them whenever vital signs are acting up will provide them with all the necessary data to provide the care , these will help the doctor ensure about who is really need a care from those who came . In the future, patients could turn to chatbots with less complex inquiries regarding their wellbeing, about specific medications or deal with their authoritative issues.2) Oncology: this specialty will smooth the path for accuracy drug and targeted treatments. Oncologists already customize therapies based on patient hereditary background and tumors’ molecular makeup. Cheaper genome sequencing and measuring blood biomarkers are accelerating this procedure. Companies like the spin-off venture of Illumina called GRAIL are creating liquid biopsies. These are blood tests ready to identify a wide range of tumor (cancer) from a very early level. By having the capacity to filter tumor cells from blood samples, specialists could soon analyze and dissect tumors prior and without expensive surgery. TTechgiants, such as IBM, Google, and Microsoft, as well as a series of start-ups, such as the Hungarian Turbine, are building unreal intelligence solutions to layout personalized treatments for any cancer type or patient faster than any traditional healthcare service. In the case of IBM, they began Watson for Oncology to aid cancer research; Google has its Deep mind Health project; while Microsoft’s research machine-learning project, named Hanover, aims to realize all the papers and help predict which drugs and which combinations are the most effective.3) Sport medicine and rehabilitation: the first group of activity trackers focused only on the people who exercise regularly, like just gave a basic insight into how they were performing, But now , there is a modern sets of devices designed to professional athletes like Fitbit Blaze, Gym Watch, and Wahoo. With detailed insight into movement patterns and force output in any movement. So, the sport medicine doctors will have a physical data to measure how athletes are going or improving. Also, video consoles from Xbox to Microsoft Kinect offer path of controlling or monitoring that how the patient is doing from a distance by seeing their progress literally on screen. There will be an exoskeletons which is an external structure devices that support and protect the human body from the outside , They will let the paralyzed individuals walk, and help the rehabilitation of stroke or spinal line damage patients. Exoskeletons can also enhance strength so that they enable the nurses to lift elderly patients. In addition, the Nova Scotia-based execution company, Athletigen Technology Inc. works with a few competitors planning to utilize their gathered DNA data to enhance execution, health, and security, these genetic tests will uncover extra insight from a heightened risk of injury until nutritional demands. Afterward, these outcomes enable the assistants of a competitor to modify his or her exercise design and nourishment as needs be.4) Ophthalmology: this specialty will bring the science vision technologies to patients in the future. Retinal implants might give vision back to those who lost it or grant humans supervision augmenting what we can do. Digital contact lenses could transform both how we look at the world while also revolutionizing certain areas such as diabetes care. For example, Google collaborated with Novartis, to create computerized, multi-sensor contact lenses which are intended to have the capacity to quantify glucose levels. Google and Novartis said the lens would contain a tiny and ultra-thin that would be inserted in one of its thin concave sides. Through its similarly small reception apparatus, it would send information about the glucose estimations from the client’s tears to his or her combined cell phone via installed software. Originally, the companies promised to put the digital contact lens around 2020 on the market available. Also, cheap smartphone-connected sensors and apps that use the phone’s camera can help in diagnosing eye conditions even in under-developed regions. 5) Radiology: radiologist’s future will be considerably more exciting than checking hundreds of x-rays a day. Deep learning algorithms and narrow Amnesty International (AI) started to buzz around the field of medical imaging lately , so many radiologist went into scare mood , from the speak around them , they got the idea that AI will replace radiologists soon. However, I rather trust that AI will expand their employments and free them from a lot of their dull and dreary assignments. And According to some estimates, within 3 years we’ll have many machine learning algorithms in active clinical pilot testing and in approved use. 6) Health data analysts: With the development of digital capacity, there is an increasing number of data is produced and stored in the digital space, The amount of available digital data  is developing by an amazing pace, doubling each two year. In the future, health data analysts will be in immense demand to constantly analyses large health data, bring them to a similar stage, convert them and translate them adequately. Even dealing with data when the patient brings their sensors’ measurements to the GP’s practice will involve the work of data analysists7) Paediatrics: nowadays this specialty have a limited window of time for evaluating or diagnosing the health status of baby or the pregnant mother. So, by developing and using of the wearable devices that monitoring the mother’s and the child’s vital signs will ensure that in the case of an emergency, the delivering care will not rely on the mother’s good luck. Also, they will be editing methods that will make it possible for the paediatrics to correct any genetic conditions in the utero like CRISPR; it may also lead to originator babies. Also they will be a method which is cheap whole-genome sequencing; it will help the paediatrics access to an enormous amount of data, for diagnosing, analysing and treating Childs.8) Dermatology : Our skin capacities as a litmus test for our health. We see the progression of time, the measure of rest or sleep or the indications of stress on it. As you can easily see if you have a skin issue, and smart phones combined with super quick internet connection make it simple to send pictures or film anyplace, telehealth arrangements are coming to dermatology. For example, with idoc24.com, patients as of now have the opportunity to send pictures about rashes, sores or bizarre spots they are worried about, while dermatologists can give them medical advice in 24 hours on the web. It is a win-win for everybody: patients don’t need for waiting a lot of time in crowded rooms for an exam while dermatologists can manage the simpler cases in shorter time online. In addition, IBM chose to give dermatologists a chance to use on the consequences of its deep learning stage, Watson in order to diagnose melanoma and other types of skin cancer faster, more exact and ideally without the requirement for some biopsies.  At the IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, specialists found that their deep learning framework could accomplish 76% exactness at diagnosing melanoma cases based on dermatology pictures, while the normal precision for the eight dermatologists on that informational index was 70.5%. Which is an exceptionally encouraging outcome.9) End-of-life therapists : therapists who will prepare the patient for death, Mr. Rosewater, Kurt Vonnegut explains that in the future, as all serious diseases had been vanquished, death became voluntary and the government, to encourage volunteers for death, establish a purple-roofed Ethical Suicide Parlor at every main crossroads. While it is obviously a satire, it taps into the very difficult question how we will deal with death later on. What’s more, how our state of mind towards death will change step by step.Do We Need Additional Specialties?As we know, life is continues to progress and change day by day, so, the human reproduction will be increasing, and hence, the spread of various diseases among humans will be increasing over the years, too. So, this will lead to the detection of new diseases that need particular and new specialties.For example, We will Need More Neurologists: As a general rule, according to the United Nation’s News Centre, around 1 out of 6 individuals in this world will suffer from a neurologic sickness, for example, stroke, Alzheimer’s ailment, or MS. This means that having a neurologic disease or looking after somebody who does, are encounters that won’t evade numerous. Work Environment And Timeline:All in all, many employments will be assumed control by robots and automation in the coming years. In any case, there will be an amazing opportunities that will emerge, especially in medication. And Doctors need to gain new skills and enhance their current ones. So, in many specialties, doctors will have more time for patients and better understanding into diseases.In general practitioner specialty, the use of wearable sensors and devices: this will increase the time general practitioners have to treat and advise each patient, Also, build the trust between doctors and their patients , as well as , ensuring that the patient is acting on the doctor’s advice.About the work environment, the inpatient care positions, like hospital jobs, aren’t expected to change as radically as outpatient fields, which demonstrate the most potential for development.Also, Silicon Valley investor Vinod Khosla once said that technology would replace 80 percent of doctors in the future because machines will be more accurate, objective and cheaper than the average doctor. We would not need doctors at all eventually, he added. Organizational Structure:  Robotics information centreBudget planningTherapy centreSurgical robots centreCentral robotics supplyAutomated admissions centreRobotic accounting centreRobotic nursing + nursing centreRadiologySafetyHR centreRobotic medical billingRobotic pharmacyImagingBiomedical technologyAutomated training centrePayroll servicesSocial services robotic +  humanEmergency medicine Facilities centre  Laboratory services