Weapons of the War of 1812Flintlock musket: The flintlock musket, also known as the Springfield 1795 Musket, was used by both the USA and the British as a third primary weapon. This weapon was used by infantrymen. Infantrymen were soldiers belonging to an army branch. The gun was loaded with gunpowder and a lead bullet. The gun shot 3-4 shots in a minute. Rifle: The second choice was the newest technology. The rifle, otherwise known as the Harper’s Ferry Model 1803 rifle. There were slight difference between the two main weapons. The rifle had grooves called “rifling” on the barrel. The grooves made the bullets spin making them go faster and hit harder. The rifle was a more accurate gun than the musket. The rifle also took much longer to reload. Flintlock Pistol: The Flintlock Pistol was the smaller version of the musket. On the battlefield, the gun was known as the US Model 1805 Rifled Flintlock Pistol. The gun was used as by the calvary which were horseback soldiers. The pistol was 16 inches (40.64 cm) in length making it more convenient. The pistol shot 56 caliber bullets. Since the pistol was like a small musket, it was barrel loaded. Cannons:A cannon is any weapon that uses gunpowder to shoot bombs. Cannons differ in rate of fire, range, mobility, angle, and firepower. Many cannons that were used in the war, but the one that was used the most was the brass six-pounder field gun. It was called this because it shot a six pound cannon ball. There was also the grasshopper cannon which shot a three pound cannon ball. The grasshopper was good for close up fighting. Swords and Sabres: In the war of 1812, they used a bunch of different swords, sabres and bayonets. They were used most often. The officers would carry around sabres and rifles. Bayonets were equipped at the end of the rifle to help with people close up. Sabres and bayonets were sharply pointed blades placed at the bottom of the sword to stab. Sabres were curved blades with a sharp point while bayonets were are straight but small with a very sharp end. Mortars: Mortars are small indirect firing devices that launch bombs a short ranges. Usually, they are mounted on bed-like platforms, made of wood, iron or both. To launch a bomb, a fuse is placed inside the bomb. When the fuse burns into the projectile, it launches and explodes sending vile fragrances into the air and trailing behind it while going in multiple different directions. At the time, there were five common sizes, 4.5 inch (11.4 centimetre) Coehorn Mortars, 5.8 inch (14 centimetre) Royal Mortars, 8 inch (20 centimetre) mortars, 10 inch (25.4 centimetre) mortars, and 13 inch (33 centimetre) mortars. Small mortars could only reach things about 274 metres away while larger 10 inch and 13 inch mortars could reach about 2190 metres away. One 4.2 inch mortar has a kill radius of 45 metres. Howitzers: Howitzers are very similar to mortars, the only differences are it can be adjusted and it is placed on a wooden carriage for easy mobility. Howitzers are used to fire missile/bombs on a curved angle and at short ranges. During this time period there were three sizes of howitzers 6 inches (15 centimetres), 8 inches (20 centimetres), and 1o inches (25.4 centimetres). Howitzers could fire over walls and hills unlike guns which could not. Mainly, howitzers were used for siege operations but later were brought to fields and valleys.