The Urban FrontierThe population of America doubled from 1870 to 1900 as the population in the cities tripled.Cities grew up and out – cities built skyscrapers growing upwards with Louis Sullivan working on perfecting skyscrapers architecture first skyscraper was seen in 1855 in Chicago.The cities grew out as it went from being small and compact to bigger and wider places where people now traveled by electric trolleys.City life grew more alluring and comfortable as Electricity, indoor plumbing, and telephones developed.Department stores like Macy’s, New York and Marsha Field’s grew offering more jobs attracting middle-class shoppers.With the growing urbanizing came more pollution – cities produced lots of trashFarmers recycled and fed leftovers to animals while city residents used new developing mail-order houses – this made shopping cheap and easy resulting in people throw away things that did not please them.There were more criminals in the cities, furthermore, water was impure, garbage were not collected regularly, people were not hygienic resulting in cities becoming more smelly and unsanitary.Dumbbell tenements – many people were stuffed in small cramped tenements which was dark, cramped, and had little to no sanitation and ventilation.II. The New ImmigrationOld Immigration – immigrants that came from the British Islands, western Europe, Germany and Scandinavia till the 1880s who were literate and came with something to offer.Immigrants who migrated to escape poor condition in their country. the Baltic and Slavic people of southeastern Europe who immigrated during 1880s and 1890s – mostly illiterateIII. Southern Europe UprootedEuropeans immigrated to America because of the lack of jobs due to the industrialization and simply because there was no room in EuropeAmerica provided the freedom and opportunities other European countries lacked making it a bragging factor.Although immigrants moved to America because it was “better than their country,” they still tried their best to keep their costumes and heritage alive. Many immigrants moved back to Europe after working in the United States. But the new generation, children of the immigrants this were more affected by American life.