The Heath brothers argue that in order to have complete change one must change their circumstance to correlate to their behavior. It is ultimately done by three elements: rational mind, emotional mind, and a direct path. Rational mind is equted to a rider, while the emotional mind corresponds to the elephant. To begin controlling the rational mind one must be solution focused. It is very important not to overthink though, one must ask “what is working?” Also, “how can we fix it” (Heath 68). Ambiguity exhaust the rider, while anxiety encourages the elephant to take a difficult path. Dan and Chip Heath then move into goals. The first goal is Specific, Measurable, Action-able, Relevant, and Timely, or SMART goals. These goals address ambiguity and irrelevance. These type of goals due lack an emotional response. Black and White goals deal with an all or nothing concept. The consequence can be uninspiring which could change one’s initiative. Short term goals provide a script to long term goals. It is important for the rider to start and end strong. TheThe next aspect of change is the emotional mind. Change is able to occur when a person is talking to both the rider and elephant. A key component to create change is not to analyze and think but to see and feel in situations. The brothers then transition into positive emotions which support a person to broaden resources and skills. Even a successful quest is going to involve failure which emotional mind really dislikes to fail. People with a fixed mindset avoid challenges, negative feedback, and effort. People with a growth mindset believe that abilities can be built up with practice. Those with a growth mindset stretch themselves, take risks, accept feedback,and take a long term view. A growth mindset compliments effort rather than skill. The last part of change is shaping a path. Changing our own behavior and making environmental components different may prove more effective than self-control. Good habits allow good things to happen without the Rider taking charge without becoming exhaustible. In shaping the Path, being humble combines the strategies of modifying the environment and progressing habits. Reinforcement is the key to getting past the first challenges. Learning to find bright spots and rewarding them requires constantly being involved with the environment. Change is not an event; it is a process which requires persistence for success.