The that no longer promote natural selection of

The
constant invention of new technology has hindered different environmental
factors in our current society that no longer promote natural selection of a
distinct and new-favored bodily characteristic. Technology has removed those
factors that once played a role in our survival and genetic evolution, such as
massive droughts and dangerous predators, and as technology has grown, we have
lost most of the process of natural selection. As we become more immersed in
our advancements in technology, it is not so easy to see human evolution at
work these days. It seems that culture and technology drive our human evolution.

With that said, it comes to no surprise that with our curiosity of life, we
imagine what post-human culture and life (the future) possibilities we hold by
our advancements in science and technology. What affect does technology have on
culture and justifications about existence?  It comes to no exception that Blade Runner by Ridley Scott plays with
this forthcoming of future human life and culture in a dark demeanor of
simulacrums. It is through this film that Scott suggests the morbid effects
technology has on human existence.

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            The portrayal of the cultural consequences
of futuristic technologies, and the complex interaction between technology and
street culture that Ridley Scott brings to life in Blade Runner conveys the effect of technology on the cultural
landscapes of cyberpunk’s fictional world – a world inhabited not only by
humans, but also artificially constructed life forms, and where manufacturing
and mechanization are so prevailing that factories stretch as far as the eyes
can see them. Through this atmosphere and setting, Scott brings up the presence
of simulacrums in human society, in which human replicants are created in the
same respects to humans. They are perfect humans, which look like, talk like
and feel (emotions) like humans (the crux of what defines a human in this movie).

Manufactured mainly by the power Tyrell Corporation, as well as other big
businesses, replicants were banned from earth, and would be “retired” if they
ever tried to come back to Earth by police (Blade Runners). With regards to
humanity as a whole in this fictional world, the result of further
industrialization leaves the world in all aspects to be seen as a simulacrum.

The modifications made to the aesthetics of the geography and human life are
taken to the point of decay, where the world no longer has substance in what it
once was: a geography based no longer on the interactions with nature, but of
industrial metal work; a world no longer inhabited only by humans, but
replicants as well.

            The ultimate simulacra in this movie
are the replicants themselves: a merging of genetics and semantics, of
complexity and simulation that negate what defines us a human being. The line
between the false and true of human life is blurred, and can be seen in the
character of the replicant Rachel. She further exemplifies the ideal simulacrum
because she does not know whether or not she is a replicant or human. She is
able to recognize her emotions, her memories, her sexuality, as a human would,
but cannot discern who she truly is. Here
the world is so desolate of nature and so capitalized that life itself has
become a commodity with monetary value: replicants and animals are not born but
manufactured and fabricated. What defines human existence in this movie is
blurredA more notable and greater example of the idea of human existence is the
character Roy Batty. A replicant, he sought to be accepted by those who had
created him, and because of this, it suggests Batty to encompass the unique
feature of being human: a conscience mind, although he himself knows that he is
a replicant. Throughout the movie, he struggles with the aspects of being
human, and as a result, conveys to the audience, his true ambition to live
beyond the four-year extermination his maker, Tyrell encoded into him.  With such a complex persona, both as a
replicant and human, it imposes the idea of not only simulacrums of humans, but
also human evolution. The
environment we live in today has been almost completely artificially influenced.

Advances beginning with the agricultural and industrial revolutions, have
forever shaped our way of life and made us less susceptible to external natural
stimuli, like diseases and hunger. It has come to a point where we are able to
make gratuitous alterations to the lifestyles we live, and where not only form
follows function, but form follows tastes, desires, and ambitions. With that
said, it poses the question of, will human modification/alteration be taken to
the point that we are able dissect and manufacture human emotions.

             It is no longer only our biological needs that
create selection forces, but also our cultural and technological needs, and as
a result the identity of human existence is able to follow a different path. It
is still to early to tell if we will be able to recreate the human body from
the ground up, and what affects it will have on a society. But in the mean
time, movies like Blade Runner gives a glimpse of the possibilities of the
future.