In the start of the poem, the poet sets the scene using the speaker’s feelings. The poem starts off: “The sullen wind was soon awake, It tore the elm-tops down for spite, And did its worst to vex the lake” The start of the poem tells us that the speaker is suppressing his unbearable feeling of anger and is unconsciously projecting them on the weather outside through the use of pathetic fallacy. The poet also personifies the weather to tell us how the reader feels. Browning’s the “sullen wind,” to suggest that he is very bad-tempered and angry that the wind can even uproot the elms.
These few verses suggest that the speaker is hiding his feelings in these him and don’t know what to do. As the poem progresses we see the influence of Porphyria on the speaker, we see that as soon as she comes in, she calms the speaker down. Then we also get to know of the reason of why the speaker feel so angry. As we know that Porphyria is from a rich and the speaker is from the low class, so they won’t be able to stay together forever and the speaker is worried about that and he said:
“Too weak, for all her heart’s endeavour To set its struggling passion free From pride… ” Over here the speaker tells us of how their love is forbidden. The phrase “too weak,” means that it is too risky for them to tell the world about their love as it can have serious consequences and can lead them to be separated forever. The phrase “its struggling passion free from pride,” suggests that Porphyria is defy the society and still comes to meet him but is really scared as her family’s pride would not let them to be together.
Here Browning makes a link with the Victorian society as people were really concerned about their statues in the society and wanted their children to be married in the same class as them. However, many readers might suggest that she did not want to tell her family as she might be ashamed herself to live a life in the low class. In the middle of the poem, the speaker wants to stay with Porphyria forever and is debating what to do. He does not want her to go and is afraid of the consequences of tell her family about their love, then the speaker find the solution that suits him.
He said: “In one long yellow string I wound Three time her little throat around, And strangles her. No pain felt; I am quite sure she felt no pain. ” From these few verses of the poem we get to know how disturbed the writer’s mind is, and of how he kills his lover Porphyria. He uses the metaphor “long yellow string,” to describe her long blonde hair that he used to strangle her. Later on he repeats “no pain” to suggest that what he did what right and she did not feel any pain also telling us that he thought that Porphyria also approved of what he did.
After killing Porphyria, he starts toying with her corpse thinking that it was the only way they could be together forever. In the end of the poem the speaker make reference of God, which suggests that he thinks that he has gotten away with what he has done. He said; “And all night long we have not stirred, And yet God has not said a word! ” Over here the speaker makes a reference to God, suggesting that God has approved of his actions as nothing has happened and the night has passed. This makes him think that he has gotten away with what he has done.
The poet uses an exclamation mark in the end which makes the murder seem even worse. In conclusion, the writers use different language devices to prove the themes of their work. In “Macbeth,” we that Shakespeare use a lot of metaphors to show how well Lady Macbeth knows Macbeth, which tells us how close they are. He also uses many imperative verbs in Lady Macbeth’s speech to her dominance in the relationship. In “The Song Of The Old Mother,” Butler uses rhyming couplets to lay emphasis on the mother’s hard work and uses the pronoun “I” a lot to show that she does all the work all by herself.
In “My Last Duchess,” Browning uses simple language in this poem however he uses a lot of powerful verbs that describe the what the Duchess did and uses a lot of suitable adjectives to remark on her character, which led to his decision of killing her. At last in “Porphyria’s Lover” Browning uses simple language but uses a lot of metaphors to show us that Porphyria’s love is pure and The use of pathetic fallacy in the start make the poem look more interesting to read.