The neurotransmitter and necrohormone that produces an emotional

The Centers For Disease Control states that around 23 percent of teens
smoke cigarettes. Cigarettes pose not only a health risk with both long and short-term
use but are highly addictive. The American Heart Association states that
nicotine addiction is one of the hardest addictions to break. Teens start
smoking for several reasons but are generally introduced to it through peers.
Understanding some of the problems teens smokers face will allow you to help
yourself or others facing this addiction each day.

One of the biggest reasons smoking is so frowned upon is because it can
cause a myriad of health problems both short and long term. The American Cancer
Society states that in the short term, smoking can interfere with proper
breathing techniques and can lead to reduced lung function. It can also make
respiratory illnesses worse and cause coughing and shortness of breath. It can
reduce physical fitness levels which is detrimental to teens who engage in
sports and other physical activities daily. Long term tobacco use can cause
heart disease, chronic lung problems, vision problems and gum disease.

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Nicotine addiction is why teens keep grabbing the next cigarette. The
American Heart Association states that nicotine produces changes in the brain
that form its addictive qualities. When a teen takes his first puff, his body
instantly responds internally. Nicotine targets the area of the brain that
produces dopamine a mood-altering neurotransmitter and necrohormone that
produces an emotional response including pleasure. The other half of the
addiction is the withdrawal from nicotine. Withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety,
impatience, depression and restlessness can be so overwhelming, teens
reluctantly give in, causing the addictive cycle to continue.

Teen Help states that each day 6,000 children under 18 begin smoking
each day. While many teens smoke, it is illegal for them to purchase tobacco in
most states. Many teens that get caught smoking on public property, especially
school, increase their risk for getting expelled and losing their rights as a
student. The cost of teen smoking may be higher than those over 18. While on
average a pack of cigarettes costs around $6 a pack as of 2017, teens may pay
adults extra money to obtain tobacco.

Many teens turn to smokeless tobacco as an alternative to cigarettes.
This alternative can be more dangerous. According to Kids Health,
chewing tobacco can cause a variety of troubling side effects such as gum
disease and receding gums, bleeding and cracked lips and gums, an increase in
blood pressure and heart rate, arrhythmias and mouth cancer. Teens face the
same discipline from school districts for possession of smokeless tobacco as cigarettes.

Teens who smoke in front
of other teens not only put themselves in harm’s way, they can also harm the
health of others. The Mayo Clinic states that secondhand smoke contains a large
amount of chemicals that are released into the air from a cigarette such as
nickel, cyanide, carbon monoxide and formaldehyde. These toxins can enter
someone else’s lungs and reduce her oxygen levels, irritate her lungs and
eventually lead to heart disease, lung disease and cancer. Passing on
secondhand smoke to an infant can cause low birth weight, infection and sudden
infant death syndrome.

Laws designed to prevent
teens from acquiring cigarettes have failed to prevent teen smoking. In
addition, focusing on such laws often has the effect of blaming teens, their
friends, and their parents for teen smoking and may lead to more laws
criminalizing teens for cigarette possession. The tobacco industry benefits
from this approach to teen smoking prevention because it diverts attention away
from its own marketing practices. Therefore, public health practitioners should
abandon these ineffective preventative strategies by removing them from
recommendations for comprehensive tobacco control policy. Instead, tobacco
control advocates should pursue strategies with proven success rates. These
include encouraging smoke-free workplaces and homes, raising taxes on cigarette
sales, and increasing antismoking media campaigns and messages about the
dangers of secondhand smoke.

            One
solution could be to reduce the public image of smoking. Ads in magazines are
constantly promoting smoking.  If we could stop the ads then teens would
no longer get the message and it would no longer appeal to their self-image.
Names of cigarettes are constantly printed on all types of clothing apparel
wearing this clothing promotes cigarettes and appeals to the teen age eye.
 Most all teenagers watch some form of a movie or television show. Some
teens have idols that they look up to and if their idol smokes in a movie the
teen thinks they should do it also. If we ban smoking on TV and movies then
kids won’t want to smoke because they see the actors doing it.

As you can see there are
many benefits to reducing cigarette advertising. Another solution would be to
increases the education about smoking. After school programs that teach about
smoking should be held. Teens would then know what they are putting in their
mouth when they pick up a cigarette. It would also teach them about all the
different diseases that you can get from smoking. Also, a meeting of parents
and students should be called. 

Smokeless
tobacco, clove cigarettes kreteks and candy-flavored cigarettes bidis are
sometimes mistaken as less harmful or addictive than are traditional
cigarettes. Teens also often think that water pipe hookah smoking is safe.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Kreteks, bidis and hookahs all carry
health risks. Electronic cigarettes are battery-operated devices designed to
look like regular tobacco cigarettes. In an electronic cigarette, an atomizer
heats a liquid containing nicotine, turning it into a vapor that can be inhaled
and creating a vapor cloud that resembles cigarette smoke.

Manufacturers
claim that electronic cigarettes are a safe alternative to conventional
cigarettes but there are safety concerns about potentially harmful chemicals
being inhaled during use. Electronic cigarettes can get teens hooked on nicotine,
too. Research also suggests that teens who have used electronic cigarettes are
more likely to try other forms of smoking within the following year than are
those who have never used electronic cigarettes.

We need to help clarify
the addictive nature of nicotine, review the overall dangers of tobacco usage,
and, offer some strategies for coping with the peer pressures for tobacco usage
faced by our children.  If you are involved with schools or PTA groups,
please raise the issue of educating teens regarding the truth about smoking and
addiction.