The and social effects as well. Terrorism

news is filled with references to terrorism worldwide. Thousands of people have
been killed in many countries because of terrorism. Terrorism has created a
multitude of problems in this country and across the globe. It creates not only
psychological effects, but economic and social effects as well.

is defined as the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against
civilians, in the pursuit of political aims (Oxford Dictionary). When such a
disaster happens, law enforcement is there to help assess the situation as
needed. The role of the criminal justice system for this type of situation is
to, “focus on the criminal nature of acts of terrorism regardless of the
motivation or political ideology, and pursues the goals of protecting the
public, apprehending perpetrators of such violence, and determining the guilt
and punishment of the accused” (Fagin, 2016 p.341).  

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and victims of terrorist attacks are carefully selected for the effect of total
surprise. Schools, shopping centers, restaurants, and even nightclubs have been
targeted. They choose places that would easily attract large crowds and places
that members of the civilian population are familiar and in which they feel at
ease. The terrorists’ ultimate goal is to destroy the public’s sense of
security in the places most familiar to them. Some other major targets
sometimes include other locations that are important economic or political
symbols.. The 9/11 attack, Boston Marathon bombing, nightclub shooting in Florida,
and the shooting at a  music festival in
Las Vegas are just some of the examples of significant terrorist attacks.

9/11 terrorist attacks resulted in the largest number of deaths in the United
States caused by violent extremism, the GAO report said. About 3,000 people
were killed in the attacks. Since then — from Sept. 12, 2001, to Dec. 31, 2016
— there have been 85 attacks in the country by violent extremists resulting in
225 deaths. GAO reported citing data from the U.S. Extremist Crime Database”
(Valverde, 2017). Forty-one percent of the deaths caused by a radical Islamist
happened during the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting. In total, forty-nine people
were killed at Pulse nightclub in Orlando (Valverde, 2017). Recently, the Supreme
Court allowed Trump’s travel ban to take effect. This means that the administration
can apply its new limitations on travel from eight nations, six of which are
primarily Muslim. By doing this, will it protect the United States from future terrorist
attacks?  Most convicted terrorists are
U.S citizens.  Albert Ford, a program
associate with the International Security and Fellows programs at New America,
stated that “the terrorist threat in the United States is almost
entirely homegrown, as no foreign terrorist organization has successfully
directed and orchestrated an attack in the United States since 9/11.”

impact terrorism has on people are greater than they seem. As cities go on
alert because of the threat of future attacks, fear can color our daily
routines and world views. Conversation, daily concerns, and living with the
heightened risks of sudden, violent injury or death can change people’s
expectations, actions, outlooks, and interactions with one another. People
can experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (or PTSD) which can
include flashbacks, nightmares or intrusive thoughts about the event. People
may also avoid situations that remind them of the trauma, or have intense
feeling of anxiety they didn’t have before.

11 September 2001, the United States Government and citizens have heightened
their senses. After the 11 September incident, the U.S. Department of Homeland
Security was formed in an effort to protect and defend the threats against homeland.
Our government now allows Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to
conduct pat-downs and screenings prior to flights. However, measures that have
been taken to secure, are not enough. It is time we take a more serious
approach and really evaluate why the current system is failing.

order to solve this problem, I think we should teach officers how to design dispute
systems and to engage in mediation and peace keeping. Also I believe the public
should be educated and more aware of what is going on. Officers could be a
meaningful part of the system to reduce terrorism by reducing the tension and
conflict in the neighborhoods they patrol. A changed image for law enforcement
will encourage concerned citizens to report activity that is suspicious and
likely related to terrorism and other criminal acts.