The governance of the country. National and international

The notion of gender equality has become topical and turned
out to have a far-reaching effect on our democratic society. The home truth is
that it has never been a secret that we live in a male-dominated world that deprives women from developing their
thorough potential and make choices without the limitations imposed by
stereotypes, due to the lack of adequate social, legal and political support. However,
the issue of equality, especially gender equality, correlates highly with human
values and moral principles. Thus it has captured the international attention
and consequently legal and political alterations are being considered by global
leaders.

It could be assumed that the issue of gender inequality is
embedded in our mindset. In historical context, double standards in laws
existed for the female and male individuals. It was unfeasible for women to have
the right to vote in elections and to participate in the governance of the country. National and international organizations formed to
coordinate efforts to gain voting rights, such as the International Suffrage
Alliance, and also worked for equal civil rights for women. It was barely 19th
century that the first European country Grand Duchy of Finland introduced women’s
suffrage, followed by the Russian Empire, which elected the world’s first women
Members of Parliament in the 1907 parliamentary elections. All these facts are
undeniably indicative of the need of reasonable political solutions, in order to
respond to the vital necessity of empowering women.

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Removal of deeply affirmed barriers to equality-discriminatory laws, customs
and practices are a tremendous challenge standing in front of every
contemporary political leader. Hence, gender equality is the fifth of seventeen
sustainable development goals of the UN. Even today the places in the
parliament taken by female representatives are unacceptably less than the ones
occupied by the male ones. Understanding clearly the utmost seriousness of this
problem, new world leaders such as Emmanuel Macron, whose party LREM fielded a
gender-balanced candidate list, and Justin Trudeau undertook empowerment measures
related to adding more women in ministerial positions within their governments.
This resulted in unprecedented success especially for France as it became 17th
in the world rankings of female parliamentary representation. In contrast, it was
examined a radical drop for the US, which took 96th position in this
area, with female political empowerment at its lowest rate in 10 years.

What is more, a BBC report broaches the subject of inequality by showing women’s
income worldwide is relatively smaller than men’s due to not only gendered
salary differences, but also their tendency to work in lower-paid professions
or part-time jobs. Overall, if concentrate on the bigger picture, this
phenomenon has detrimental impact on billions of women by curtailing their
right to live productively and in addition, affects the global economy too. In
a new report, McKinsey Global Institute proves that
global economy would grow by $28 trillion by 2025 if women participated in the
labor force to the same degree as men-a 26% increase and almost equivalent to
the combined GDPs of the US and China.

Albeit it is undoubtedly unfair for the world not to be a level playing field for both genders, the real
damage on women’s consciousness appears the moment when the inequality evolves
into violence. As an institution with leading role in human rights protection,
the Council of Europe came to a decision it was necessary to set standards with
the aim to stop and combat violence against women and domestic violence. Therefore
the Istanbul Convention (The Council of Europe Convention on preventing and
combating violence against women and domestic violence) was opened for
signature on 11 May 2011 and entered into force on 1 August 2014. It is mainly
based on the concept that violence against women is a form of gender-based violence
that is deliberately committed against them by virtue of their sex or in view
of strengthening male power and control. Every state which has signed the
Convention is enforced to establish rules for violence prevention of women, for
protection of the victims and prosecution of the outlaws. The Convention
insists on state parties implementing coordinated policies, involving government
agencies, local parliaments and authorities. The aim is that through the joined
forces of all relevant agencies and institutions the gender-based violence and
discrimination of women would be ended.The warning message it sends to the
society is that any kind of violence is a