Syria, a nation in the southwest Asia, has encountered several key challenges in the recent past. In the wake of 26 January 2011, Syria experienced its initial demonstration, where a civilian lynched himself, protesting against the current regime.
Afterwards, the nation has experienced continued adverse political upheavals, thereby creating numerous adversities to the population of the country. This was sparked by the wave of the Arab Spring, where various rebels protested for change, with many politicians ousting their government positions (Ziser 69).
Therefore, Syria has followed suit, bringing massive protests within the nation. This has led to severe property damages and loss of lives. As a result, the Syrian government faces criticism from the global community due to the violence that the government metes to protesters, with various nations and world organizations intervening. Therefore, this manuscript will look into the challenges the country is facing, and measures to implement in order to alleviate these challenges.
Causes of the Syrian Political Upheavals
The protesters claim to have grown tired of the 5-decade tyrannical rule of al-Assad. As a result, they have resorted to numerous revolts, in an effort to eject the leader, with several cities being blockaded within the nation (Coll). Moreover, various organized groups are resolute to end the reign and bring in democracy to Syria. Furthermore, social network sites have aided significantly in the spread of the protests, since it has offered a cheap communication medium.
Besides, ethnic clashes among various communities such the Kurds and the Arabs have heightened the civil upheavals (Coll). The nation faces racial tension due to the diversity of the inhabiting communities that include the Arabs and Jews among others. Moreover, the minority groups such as the Alawi face prejudice from other dominant communities. Besides, the media reported of a Kurd activist, who was found lifeless, with signs of torture on his remains. This sparked protests in the nation, with the protestors seeking justice.
These upheavals may also have resulted from the various social-economic factors. Before the political crisis, the nation faced severe unemployment challenges. This resulted from the drought that affected agricultural activities within the nation. Agriculture has extreme significance in the nation, since it provides employment for nearly 20% of the population.
Monopolies have also posed a grave threat to the Syrian economy, with the small-scale merchants resorting to the low-income trades. Moreover, Syria oil proceeds have drastically reduced, and this has compelled the government to slash its budget and increase taxes. This poses a heavy burden to the citizens, since they do not receive numerous essential social services, and hence the outburst of the protests.
The protests also had a significant foreign influence. Egypt and Tunisia instigated the Arab Spring. This spread to other Arabian nations, including Libya and Morocco, among others. As a result, Syria also initiated the protests in their state, since they faced similar challenges. Besides, reports indicated that some of the protestors received support from external militant groups such as Hezbollah and Al Qaeda. This posed a solemn dilemma to peace, since they also provided weapons to the protesting groups.
Effect of the Protests
The Syria upheavals have brought devastating effects to the inhabitants of the nation in various ways. The demonstrations have been extremely violent, leading to serious losses of property and life. Moreover, the army set out to restrain the protestors has been violent, leading to the heightened death toll (De Young). Moreover, statistics show that nearly 10 000 lives have been lost because of the protracted conflicts between the government and the insurgents.
In addition, the conflicts have adversely affected the Syrian financial status. Most businesses do not open in fear of attacks, and inhabitants are not going to work since they continually partake in the demonstrations. This has led to the closing down of numerous trade premises within the country. As a result, people lack various essential amenities, thereby lowering their living standards. Besides, many people have lost employment, owing to the protests, thus heightening the already worse situation.
Besides, the nation has broken numerous internal relations with many countries because of the ongoing protests. This has led to negative impacts on the international trade of the country, thereby increasing the economic burden to the government and the people. In addition, various western nations have implemented sanctions on the country, thus affecting trade in the country (Vltchek). Moreover, the conflicts discourage foreign investors from venturing into the country, owing to the threat of property loss in the country.
Besides, critics argue that social network sites should be abolished in the nation. However, this will only heighten the already severe situation. As such there ought to be freedom of communication. This will reduce people’s tension and hence reduce the bloodshed and property loss.
In addition, the continuity of the crises has not only been a challenge of Syria, but it has grown into key world concern. The discrimination of the Kurds has led to the intervention of the Israelis. As a result, countries such as Iran have also intervened to aid Syria. Moreover, nations such as China and the US have intervened to mitigate on the excessive force that the deployed army mete to the protesters (De Young). These countries have dissimilar approaches and policies to curb these conflicts, leading to break-ups among them.
There is a serious need for mitigation measures to alleviate the current upheavals. Besides, report shows that the global societies are concerned with these disputes, and have criticized the country for policies that the government applies in order to curb the crime. Recently, the government guaranteed to stop the army from using excessive force and use diplomacy in controlling the protestors (De Young).
However, various human rights bodies claim that the government still applies unwarranted force in restraining the demonstrators. As such, foreign human rights bodies ought to intervene, and thereby aid in eradicating people’s anguish.
President Bashar ought to step aside, in order to allow arbitration talks to take place. A recent survey showed that the majority of Syrian civilians want him to bow out, and allow unsullied democratic elections to take place. As such, they ought to implement the multiparty system within the nation.
Moreover, the worldwide community keeps on pressurizing the leader to resign, through the implementation of various sanctions in the country. This will end the long-standing tyrannical rule, and thereby pave way for democracy that the citizens have desired for a long time. Moreover, introduction of social equality will help in economic recuperation, since foreign will feel secure while investing in Syria.
Additionally, the government ought to release the detainees incarcerated during the long-standing violence and take away the army-groups from major cities. Moreover, the government should allow foreign monitors to evaluate the situation, and thereby come with recommendations that alleviate the crisis (Kelley 59). This will result in demonstrators seceding the violence, and thereby help in restoration of serenity.
Besides, there ought to be a meticulous transformation in the administration, and incorporate various minority groups such as the Alawi and the Kurds within the administration (Ziser 69). This will serve to alleviate ethnic favoritism that the country currently experiences. This will allow equal representation of all the communities in the administration, and thereby eliminate the long-standing Sunni dominance.
It is also evident that Israel intervened in these conflicts because of the Druze. As such, there should be a peace accord among them, in an endeavor to protect the Druze. Besides, some countries have heightened the conflicts by taking sides. Moreover, a recent review confirmed that some nations such as Turkey supported the Sunni community, while Iraq supported the Alawis. The international community ought to intercede and discourage these nations for this form of bias.
The global community has been actively involved in this war in diverse ways. Some nations, especially the western countries have implicated themselves directly, an attempt to cease the protests (Vltchek). This has been through various sanctions such as freezing the country’s foreign bank. Moreover, they denounce the current government for its approach in stopping the infighting. Ceasing the conflicts in Syria will lead to the removal of such sanctions.
Additionally, various global bodies such as the UN have attempted to apply diverse forms of diplomacy in reducing the upheavals. Besides, they have sent experts to monitor the condition, and thus come with recommendation that Syria may implement and stop the conflicts (Kelley 59).
However, critics argue that these countries ought to halt the interventions, and should let Syria solve its predicaments internally (Vltchek). Moreover, some critics claim that these countries have additional veiled interests in the country. In my opinion, this is untrue, since these countries only intervene to promote democracy and reduce the looming collapse of the nation.
Besides, some nations act in a way that intensifies the upheavals. For instance, a recent report indicated that Russia sold armaments that cost about 1 billion dollars to Syria. This only served to amplify bloodshed in the nation. Moreover, nations such as Turkey and Iraq expressed bias in the conflicts by supporting dissimilar sides of the protests.
These nations ought to cease worsening the war, since this may lead to the ultimate collapse of the nation. Various world bodies ought to intervene, since this will aid in disarming the demonstrators, thereby help calming the protests.
Syria has faced serious political upheavals in the past resulting to severe property damages and life losses. Moreover, conflicts between protestors have led to negative impacts such economic slump. Unemployment and tax increase are some of the major causes of the turmoil. Besides, politics has played a key role in intensifying the mayhem. The citizens want to eliminate al-Assad’s rule and introduce democracy in the nation.
Besides, the global community has denounced these upheavals due to carnages experienced in the nation and has attempted to intervene. However, critics disapprove their arbitration. Some nations have also aided in intensifying the turmoil by supplying funds and armaments to the protestors. The nation ought to implement the necessary measures, in an endeavor to halt the turmoil and return peace, as well as tranquility.
Coll, Steve. The Syrian Problem. The New Yorker, 30 May 2011. Web. 29 March 2012.
De Young, Karen. Talk of military aid rises as hopes fade for peaceful Syria solution. Washington Post, 11 March 2012. Web. 29 March 2012.
Kelley, Judith. Monitoring democracy: when international election observation works, and why it often fails. Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2012. Print.
Vltchek, Andre. Is west genuinely trying to ‘save’ Syria? People’s Daily, 21 February 2012. Web. 29 March 2012.
Ziser, Eyal. Asad’s legacy: Syria in transition. London: C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 2001. Print.