The not allow these types of atrocities to

The Rwanda Genocide occurred despite the international outcry of “never again” which began after the end of the Holocaust. Even though developed countries promised that they would not allow these types of atrocities to ever occur, they still did. The Rwanda Genocide lasted three months from April 1994 to June 1994, it was within these three months that an estimated 800,000 Tutsis were murdered in a systematic fashion. The mass killings were orchestrated by the Hutu controlled Rwandan government, shortly after Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana, who happened to be a Hutu, died after his plane was shot down. This therefore angered Hutus because they believed that the Tutsis were responsible for this atrocity which sparked a killing campaign that immediately turned into a genocide (BBC, 2011). But these events where not the sole cause of the genocide. This essay will explain how the Hutus perpetrated the Rwandan genocide by using Dr. Stanton’s eight stages of genocide, this will be done by using historical context to explain and describe the eight stages that led up to the genocide. This essay will also explain and analyze how foreign factors contributed to the escalation of the genocide.
But first it is important to analyze the historical context leading up to genocide and to explain the 8 stages of genocide. The genocide and mass killings in Rwanda had already occurred in the past. Therefore, in order to understand this it is important to look back at the Tutsi and Hutu tribal relationships. The Tutsis are historically a cattle herding tribe which several hundred years ago migrated south into the East Central African region that is today made up of Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, and Eastern Zaire. This region had been already settled by the Hutus which are historically farmers. Over time the Tutsis and the Hutus began to intermarry until eventually both tribes began to share common cultures, religion, and language. But despite these shared characteristics these two tribes would eventually have deep divisions that would lead to violent consequences. Part of the reason for this lies within European Imperialism. These divisions were created during the German rule (1889) and Belgium rule (1916-1961) when the Tutsis being a minority were put into the upper class which would eventually rule over the Hutus (Dekmejian, 2007). Therefore since the Tutsis belonged to the upper class they were allowed to access higher education and were allowed to hold authority over the Hutus therefore, turning the Hutus into serf. This created profound resentment and hate among Hutus towards the Tutsis which began an era of intransigeant violence among both tribes. During their mandate over Rwanda the Belgians governed the territory with the help of Tutsi kings but since the Tutsis demanded independence the Belgians decided to hand over the power to the Hutus. By consequence this sparked violence that led to the killing of 100,000 Tutsis in 1961, 20,000 in 1963, and to the killing of 100,000 Hutus by Tutsis. Eventually all these killings would take a toll and lead to the genocide of 1994.
The historical context previously mentioned helps in understanding why there existed so much resentment and hate among the Hutus and the Tutsis, but what does it take to unleash a genocide? That’s why it’s important to look at the eight stages of genocide in order to understand what it takes for a genocide to occur. The eight stages of genocide are classification, symbolization, dehumanization, organization, polarization, preparation, extermination (actual genocide), and denial.The first six stages serve as early warning signs of a genocide. 
The first stage classification is characterized by the “us versus them” attitude and it is in this stage where individuals are separated and distinguished along the lines of race, religion, nationality, or ethnicity. It is in this stage that a society becomes divided and a power struggle between groups is created. An example of classification occurred in 1916 when the Belgians began creating identification cards in order to classify and differentiate Tutsis from Hutus. This was because the Belgians considered the Tutsis more superior than the Hutus (BBC, 2011). The Belgians used traits like nose size, height, and eye type (Stanton, Lecture Notes). The second stage is symbolization, it is in this stage when Belgian colonist began using the identification cards to symbolize status among the groups. Those who were classified as Tutsis had access to education and those that were classified as Hutus did not have access to any type of assistance or education. But later these identification cards would prove to be deadly because they would eventually be used in the genocide.
The third stage of genocide is dehumanization. In this stage one group takes away the humanity of the other by making the other group seem subhuman. In Rwanda this occurred when the “Hutu regime subjected the Tutsis, moderate Hutus, and citizens of mixed percentage to brutal propaganda attacks accusing them of being collaborators” (Dekmejian, 2007). Another example of the dehumanization is when Hutus began describing the Tutsis as “cockroaches”. This therefore began to give an excuse of justification to call the genocide as an “ethnic cleansing”(Stanton, Lecture Notes). The fourth stage is organization which is when the state or government begins to assemble “kill squads”, secret police, or military groups with the sole purpose of organizing and conducting the genocide. In Rwanda this was evident when the Hutu controlled government began to train the national police, the presidential guard, and other Hutu militias for systematic mass killings despite the United Nation’s UNAMIR’s mission of peacekeepers.