Since the time of our existence, man has always found out ways of creating conflicts, and then raging wars amongst each other. One of the saddest events in the history of mankind was “World war I”. This is the war that set up a benchmark for all the future wars that took place, and the turn of events that happened during the course of the first world war led to significant altercations not only on the relations between countries but also it changed the map of the world then.
Tensions between European countries were rising in 1900s, but some how through diplomacy things were averted, until the cold blooded murder of Archduke Ferdinand on June 28 1949 by a nineteen year old Slavic nationalist known as Gavrilo Princip . Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Hungarian- Austrian Empire. The Hungarian –Austrian empire wants the people responsible for the plot to be executed at the earliest, seeming delay in Serbia judiciary, and not trusting the intention of Serbia, the Hungarian –Austrian empire on June 23rd sends a very harshly written ultimatum to Serbia to comply or to face consequences .
On July 28th 1914, Austria declares war on Serbia, and since Serbia weighed heavily on Russia, the Russians declared war on Austria. The most intriguing part was, Germany who has assured full support to Serbia, suddenly declares war on Russia on the 1st of August, and later declares war on Russia’s ally France by August 3rd. The Germans try to enter France via the neutral Belgium, and seeing its ally Belgium in distress, its closest ally Britain enters the war to save the sovereignty of Belgium, and thus declares war on the Germans.
Now that the regions were chosen, the First World War was formally on. Japan becomes an unlikely ally of the allied forces and declares war on Germany by August 23rd. On the October 29th, the Turkish empire decides to wage war on the allied forces, first striking on Russia, and then calling all the Muslims of the world to start jihad against, Britain, France and Russia. In the meantime the German’s biggest naval innovation U-boat, starts playing havoc in the seas, and starts sinking British cruisers at will.
The only golden moment comes in the war, when the troops of Germany and Britain declare true on Christmas, and exchange gifts to each other and of the worst moments of the war, was when Germany started using poison gases, dangerous variants of bromide on Russian troops . The Turks continue to be battered in the Suez Canal and The Germans with a new biological gas, attacks British forces at Langemarck on April 22nd 1915. War laid down in Gallipoli becomes of the highlights of the entire war, and the allied forces try to force Turkey out.
On May 7th, the German U boat sinks a liner ship called Lusitania off the coast of Ireland, in which more than 1200 people lost their lives, and out the victims 128 of them were Americans, this was of the important turning points in the war, which ultimately led the U. S to the war, in later stages, as this incident brought international sourness to Germany’s attitude. On October 14th 1915, more chaos hits the world when Bulgaria decides to wage a war on Serbia.
One of the defining moment of the war is the battle of Jutland, where the German forces though being more in number, somehow stay at port, leaving advantage to the British and allied forces. By mid 1916, Italy declares war on Germany, and the Germans start facing the heat, though Germany still manage to pull out a lot of small victories for instance it threw out Romania from the war, as it was in battle with Austria. The war also led to the novelty of the lethal tanks, which were first seen in the by 1916 in the First World War.
Germany, on seeing its loosing fronts, sends a telegram to Mexico urging them to war with United States; this was considered to be of the biggest mistake of the German war, as the British intercepted the message and passed it to The Americans, who in turn severed ties with Germany, and by April 6th 1917, The U. S declared war on Germany . Germany has suffered many setbacks, their loss of Mesopotamia which is now known as Iraq to Britain, and several losses at various grounds of battle.
Though there were internal political dramas in the allied forces for instance Russia went through the February revolution and Britain had its Prime minister changed, but still they weighed heavily on Germany. By March 3rd, Germans sign the treaty of Brest-Litovsk , where the Germans get 25% of the Russian area. The Allied forces launches huge counters to Germany which ultimately leads to massive casualties in the German camp. The backbone of germany is broken when by September 29th 1918, the allied forces break through Hindenburg, which was the last line of defense for the Germans.
By November 11th the treaty of Armistice is signed, declaring official end of the First World War. By 1919, the treaty of Versailles was also signed, which brought down the last curtains of the war.
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand,1914,”eyewitness to history, www. eyewitnesstohistory. com(1998) “Timeline 1914”, World war I http://www. channel4. com/history/microsites/F/firstworldwar/index_timeline. html The Europeans face chemicals on the battlefield,1915-1918”, http://wwwcgsc. army. mil/carl/resources/csi/Heller/HELLER. asp American neutrality”, Michael Duffy 2007, http://www. firstworldwar. com/features/plans. htm