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Rami, AviJanuary 17, 2018Honors Language Arts / Period 2Science Fiction / Fantasy Book Report Title of book/author. The title of the book is The Hobbit and it was written by J.R.R. Tolkien.Author’s biographical information.J.R.R. Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, on January 3, 1892, to Arthur Tolkien and Mabel Suffield Tolkien. When he was just four, Tolkien, with his mother and younger brother, Hilary, settled in Birmingham, England, after his father died in South Africa. After his mother died in 1904, Tolkien and his brother became wards of a catholic priest. Tolkien went on to get his first class degree at Exeter College, specializing in Anglo-Saxon and Germanic languages and classic literature. He enlisted as a lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers and served in World War I, making sure to continue writing as well. Eventually, Tolkien was released from his duty due to severe illness. While serving in the military, he married Edith Bratt in 1916. Tolkien went on to become a professor at Oxford University, where he wrote his internationally famous novel, The Hobbit. His other works include The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, The Return of the King, and many others. He only writes books of the genre Fantasy.Publisher/date published.The book was published by George Allen & Unwin Ltd. It was published in 1978.Detailed description of characters with evidence from the book in the form of a quote sandwich.Bilbo Baggins: Bilbo Baggins is the protagonist of the story. He is a hobbit, which the author defines as a short, human like person. Bilbo lives a quiet life in his comfortable hole at Bag-End until one day, a wizard named Gandalf persuades him to join a group of dwarves on a quest to reclaim their gold from an evil dragon. Although he is unsure of his capabilities at first, Bilbo realizes that he possesses a great deal of untapped inner strength. As a result, Bilbo plays a crucial role as the company’s burglar. When the narrator is first introducing Bilbo, he states, “this Hobbit was a very well-to-do hobbit, and his name was Baggins… they are (or were) a little people, about half our height, and smaller than the bearded dwarves”(Tolkien 12). In this quote, the narrator describes Bilbo as a “well-to-do” hobbit, referring to his acquired wealth and prosperity. The narrator then defines a hobbit by comparing their height to the height of humans and dwarves.Gandalf: Gandalf is a wise old wizard who always seems to know more than the rest of the characters. He is well practiced in the art of magic and is widely respected among the people of Middle-Earth. In addition, Gandalf helps the dwarves many times throughout their quest. Although he doesn’t stay with the company for long, he tends to show up when he is needed most. His decision to have Bilbo join the quest seemed silly at first, but the dwarves soon realized what Bilbo is capable of. When Gandalf first appears at Bilbo’s hobbit hole, the narrator describes him as, “an old man with a staff. He had a tall pointed blue hat, a long grey cloak, a silver scarf over which his long white beard hung down below his waist, and immense black boots”(Tolkien 13). In this quote, the narrator describes Gandalf’s physical appearance with great detail. From this, the reader gets a clear image of Gandalf.Thorin: Thorin is the main dwarf who leads the company on a quest to reclaim their treasure from Smaug. Smaug’s treasure is Thorin’s inheritance, as it belonged to Thorin’s grandfather, Thror. Thorin can be characterized as proud, purposeful, brave, and a bit stubborn at times. Although Thorin seems like a heroic figure in the beginning of the novel, his reputation quickly diminishes among the dwarves. As the novel progresses, Thorin demonstrates several unappealing qualities including his inability to formulate plans, his greediness, and his reliance on Bilbo. Nonetheless, Thorin redeems himself by apologising to Bilbo before he dies. When the dwarves begin to pile into Bilbo’s hobbit hole, the narrator states, “this last belonged to Thorin, an enormously important dwarf, in fact no other than the great Thorin Oakenshield himself… if he had been allowed, he would probably have gone on like this until he was out of breath, without telling anyone there anything that was not known already”(Tolkien 23). This quote describes Thorin’s importance as the leader of the dwarves. It also reveals that Thorin tends to explain events very vaguely, without revealing any relevant information.Smaug: Smaug is the evil dragon who lives in the Lonely Mountain. According to Thorin, years ago, Smaug heard about the treasure that the dwarves had amassed in the mountain under Thror’s reign. Wanting the treasure for himself, he drove them away and took the gold back to the Lonely Mountain. As the novel progresses, we also learn that his flaming breath can leave any city in flames and his armour like hide is almost impenetrable. Luckily, a heroic archer named Bard finds Smaug’s weakness and kills him. When Thorin is explaining the story of Smaug to Bilbo, he states, “dragons steal gold and jewels, you know, from men and elves and dwarves, wherever they can find them… there was a most specially greedy, strong, and wicked worm called Smaug”(Tolkien 28). This quote reveals that dragons like to steal gold and jewels from vulnerable creatures. It also shows that Smaug is more corrupt than the typical dragon. Elrond: Elrond is the leader of the elves at Rivendell. He is also the proprietor of the Last Homely House at the Edge of Wild. His main importance in the story is providing aid to Bilbo’s group as they pass through Rivendell. He translates the symbols on the swords taken from the trolls and reveals that they were originally used in the Goblin-wars. He also discovers moon-letters on Thorin’s map which he translates to reveal the importance of durin’s day. When Bilbo’s group meets Elrond for the first time, the narrator describes Elrond as, “noble and as fair in face as an elf-lord, as strong as a warrior, as wise as a wizard, as venerable as a king of dwarves, and as kind as summer”(Tolkien 51). This quote reveals Elrond’s fierce physique and charming personality. Although Elrond only appears in one chapter, his role is very important. Explain in detail how the protagonist leads the reader to the realization of the theme. Support your theory with a quote sandwich.Conflict.Man vs. Self: The main type of conflict in The Hobbit is Man vs. Self. Bilbo’s mixed family heritage causes a huge internal conflict in the novel. Bilbo’s father was a Baggins; the Baggins are known to be lazy and cautious. His mother on the other hand was a Took, a family that is characterized by their adventurous and mischievous nature. He can’t decide if he should stay loyal to his Baggins blood or Took blood. Eventually, Bilbo decides that he must let out his inner Took and embark on a dangerous journey. The conflict eventually changes Bilbo’s outlook on life; by the end of the novel, he transforms from a lazy hobbit to a hero. When Bilbo sneaks into Smaug’s lair to retrieve the stolen treasure, the narrator states, “it was at this point that Bilbo stopped. Going on from there was the bravest thing he ever did. The tremendous things that happened afterwards were as nothing compared to it. He fought the real battle in the tunnel alone, before he ever saw the vast danger that lay in wait”(Tolkien 184). This quote illustrates Bilbo’s heroic decision to sneak into Smaug’s lair. It also shows Bilbo’s transformation as a character. Man vs. Man: Another major type of conflict in The Hobbit is Man vs. Self. This is most prominently seen between the dwarves and Smaug. According to Thorin, years ago, Smaug heard about the treasure that the dwarves had amassed in the mountain under Thror’s reign. Wanting the treasure for himself, he drove them away and took the gold back to the Lonely Mountain. Since then, the dwarves have vowed to defeat Smaug and take back their treasure. In addition, the party experienced various minor conflicts with trolls, rock giants, goblins, Gollum, wargs, and giant spiders. Towards the end of the novel, a major conflict known as the Battle of the Five Armies takes place. It involves the dwarves, the wood-elves, the lake-men, the goblins, and the wargs. When the five armies begin the battle, the narrator states, “so began a battle that none had expected; and it was called the Battle of the Five Armies, and it was very terrible. Upon one side were the Goblins and the Wild Wolves, and upon the other were Elves and Men and Dwarves”(Tolkien 237). This scene describes the beginning of the Battle of the Five Armies. The battle is one of the many conflicts that occurs in The Hobbit.Detailed description of settings with one quote for each settings (quote sandwich).The Misty Mountains: The Misty Mountains is a vast, dangerous chain of mountains that divides the lands of Eriador and Rhovanion. Bilbo is astonished that there is more than one mountain because, as a hobbit, he has been sheltered from the outside world his entire life. While traveling through the mountains, the party is imprisoned by Orcs, or goblins. Although Gandalf came to rescue them, Bilbo was left behind and got lost in the tunnels. There, he finds a magical ring that helps him escape from Gollum and the goblins. While describing the Misty Mountains to Bilbo and the dwarves, Gandalf states, “it is very necessary to tackle the Misty Mountains by the proper path, or else you will get lost in them, and have to come back and start at the beginning again (if you ever get back at all)”(Tolkien 46). This quote reveals that the Misty Mountains only have a few passes. The company decides to take the High Pass on Gandalf’s command.Mirkwood: Mirkwood is the largest known forest in all of Middle-Earth. It is home to various dark creatures including giant spiders and wood-elves. When Bilbo asks if they can travel around the forest, Gandalf explains that it is their safest option because the north is filled with goblins, hobgoblins, and orcs, while the south is home to the Necromancer. While traveling through the forest, the dwarves are nearly eaten to death by the giant spiders. Luckily, Bilbo uses his magic ring to outsmart the spiders and save his companions. When the company arrives at Mirkwood, the narrator states, “by the afternoon they had reached the eaves of Mirkwood, and were resting almost beneath the great overhanging boughs of its outer trees. Their trunks were huge and gnarled, their branches twisted, their leaves were dark and long”(Tolkien 119). This quote describes the outer border of Mirkwood. It is covered with “great overhanging boughs” of trees. The Lonely Mountain: The Lonely Mountain is the final destination of the quest. It is characterized as tall and gloomy. In addition, it’s very difficult to enter. When the dwarves arrive at the mountain, they must wait until a certain day before they can unlock the main entrance and take back their treasure. When Smaug is killed, the dwarves close all of the side entrances in an effort to protect their treasure from Bard and the Elvenking. Inside the mountain, Bilbo observes that it is almost the opposite of his home in Hobbiton; it is grim, dark, and smells horrible. As Bilbo and the dwarves get closer to the Lonely Mountain, the narrator states, “they could all see the Lonely Mountain towering grim and tall before them… they spoke low and never called or sang, for danger brooded in every rock”(Tolkien 173-178). This quote reveals that the Lonely Mountain towers “grim and tall”. It also implies that the mountain has a dark and evil presence. What were three themes found in the book? One of the most important themes in The Hobbit is the importance of loyalty. When Bilbo can’t find the rest of the dwarves in the Misty Mountains, the narrator describes his thoughts as, “He wondered whether he ought not, now he had a magic ring, to go back into the horrible, horrible tunnels and look for his friends. He had just made up his mind that it was his duty, and that he must turn back – and very miserable he felt about it – when he heard voices”(Tolkien 83). Another important theme in the novel is greed can cause unintended consequences. When Smaug realizes that someone has stolen his treasure, the narrator states, “His rage passes description — the sort of rage that is only seen when rich folk that have more than they can enjoy suddenly lose something that they have long had but have never before used or wanted”(Tolkien 186). The last theme is the importance of courage. When Bilbo kills a giant spider for the first time, the narrator states, “Somehow the killing of the giant spider, all alone by himself in the dark without the help of the wizard or the dwarves or of anyone else, made a great difference to Mr. Baggins. He felt a different person, and much fiercer and bolder”(Tolkien 135).What makes this book science fiction or fantasy? The Hobbit is a work of fantasy because it incorporates many unrealistic elements such as magic, mythical creatures, and new worlds. The story takes place in Middle-Earth, a fictional world that closely resembles medieval Europe. It is inhabited by humans and fictional races such as dwarves, hobbits, elves, wargs, dragons, and goblins. Many of these creatures have the ability to talk and interact with humans, an attribute that is not seen in the real world. Magic, a common element in fantasy, plays a big role in The Hobbit. This is most prominently seen in the character of Gandalf, a powerful wizard who remains a looming mystery throughout the novel. Tolkien, like many fantasy writers, based his fictional world on ancient mythology. Middle-Earth, in particular, was influenced by the stories of Norse mythology. What did you think of the book? In my opinion, The Hobbit was one of the best books I have ever read. Bilbo Baggins, the main character, caught my attention right away. As a reader, I felt a personal connection to his character because of his seemingly ordinary personality. I felt that Bilbo’s character was very well developed and charismatic. As the protagonist of the story, Bilbo transforms from a comfort loving hobbit to a hero. In addition, I fell in love with Tolkien’s fantasy world, Middle-Earth. Tolkien spent the majority of his writing career developing Middle-Earth and the result was shocking. Out of all the fictional worlds I have seen to date, Middle-Earth is the most detailed and well thought out. I’m also a very big fan of Tolkien’s writing style in The Hobbit. Unlike many other books in the early 20th century, it was very simple and easy to comprehend. Overall, the book met all of my expectations and I really enjoyed reading it. I would definitely recommend it to a friend who enjoys high fantasy books.