privation, a child has exprienced social deprivation and

privation, as the name implies, is a lack or complete exclusion of social contact between an individual and society. Social deprivation can also be defined as the absence of the stimulation necessary for human development due to social isolation. Although there are many factors that play a role in in social deprivation, poverty, mental illness and education are elements which regularly appear in reasearch on the subject. Social deprivation can affect humans of all ages, children however are especially vunerable to it’s consequences. According to developmental psychology, language development occurs in the so called ‘critical period’ in a childs life, during this period the brain is especially sensitive to certain environmental stimulation. If a child has exprienced social deprivation and lack of stimultion during the critical period it reduces his chances of being able to develop healthy. The most extreme cases of social deprivation known are of that of feral children. They are children who grow up completely isolated from any form of social contact since early childhood if they are reintroduced into society after puberty they fail to fully grasp a language, such as in the famous case of Victor de Aveyron in south France in the 1800s. Victor was found alone at the age of about twelve years old and despite living another 28 years only learned to obey some spoken orders but never gave signs of understanding language as a grammatical structure and never managed to speak, although he produced some recognizable sounds. Our language develops in a social environment. Without regular social interaction, the brain isn’t able to fully develop to its full potential and as studies suggest this lead to speaking disabilities.    Additionally the human brain and it’s need to be stimulated is another way that social deprivation can impact a childs life later. Current neurosciences have demonstrated in an extremely graphic way how neuronal connections multiply in brains that are regularly exposed to interesting, attractive and meaningful stimulation while a lack of stimuli make the brain get smaller and smaller sometimes resulting in malformations. A new study shows for the first time how functional deterioration takes place:  Social isolation during early life prevents brain’s white matter cells from maturing and producing myelin, the fatty “insulation” on nerve fibers, for transmitting long-distance messages in the brain.  The study also identifies a molecular pathway involved, showing it is disrupted by social isolation. Babies with an understimulated brain will not gain weight and will also not be interested in human interaction.’Social development is fundamentally important, not just for children’s social relationships but also for their congnitve and even physical development, and researches have been astonished by the potencial impact of early social deprivation on children’s leanguage and psychological development, even when physical needs have been met’.(Gerhardt, 2006)Emotions such as Empathy also play a significant role in child development. Empathy is not inherent to humans from birth, it is an evolved form of instinct which better equips us with the tools necessary to effectively manage everyday human interaction by helping us to effectively read each other’s emotions. An infant learns empathy from it’s mother in the pre-verbal phase where both mother and infant relies on empathic interaction to communicate with each other. A lack of empathy can be found in i.e. cases of feral children, children raised by nannies or where the mother chooses to regularly neglect her child with emotion which results in children that have an empathy deficnecy who in turn pass it down to their children making it a transgenerational problem that ultimately challenges the progress of evolution.For many years, the debate to know whether we are only a product of nature, or a product of our parents and the human world has intensified in the scientific world. Socially deprived children unquestionably demonstrate that we have not been born human, but that we are shaped by our family and by other human beings with whom we share our environment. Therefore, if the first years of life are spent isolated from human beings, the consequences can be terrible and almost totally irreversible. As you can see there are many aspects that influence social deprivation, which is why protective factors – as you learn in the following part – are important to prevent social deprivation and help ensure the well-being of children.Protective factors are understood to be circumstances, characteristics, conditions and attributes, skills, strengths, resources, supports or strategies related to social behavior, which enhance the capacities of an individual to successfully cope with certain adverse situations. These factors include all measures designed to promote the rights, survival, growth and development of children, such as the right to health,  good nutrition, education, an acceptable standard of life, a healthy and safe environment, as well as the rights related with leisure and recreation.Early childhood is the period of most intense parental responsibilities in relation to the future well-being of children, so actions aimed at families or legal representatives are also necessary so that they can dedicate time to children and guarantee acceptable standards of life through different forms of social protection. It is the responsibility of the government to promote the welfare of children by introducing policies and making sure that they are followed, other protective factors are influenced by everyday interactions.A ‘Family relationship’ is a factor that plays an important role when it comes to adequately developing  resilience, since the family offers support, stability and education, which consequentially affects the behavior of all family members.  Research shows that babies who receive affectionate and loving upbringing from their parents (a protection factor at the relational level) have the best prospects of growing up to be happy and healthy teenagers and adults. Children who have are equiped with good social skills and a healthy self-esteem are able to solve problems that they are faced with more easily than their counterparts who grew up without family relationships. Research also demonstrates that having  a consistant relationship over the years with a caring adult is associated with better academic grades, healthy behaviors, more positive interactions with peers and a greater ability to deal with dificulties later in life.Looked after children are especially vunerable since they often end up in welfare care as a direct result of adverse situations. Often the label ‘looked after young person’ or ‘foster child’ act as a constraint later on in a childs life because of their negative associations and may even cause looked after children to suffer from a lack of self-esteem and ambition, attributes which are necessary to fight resilience. With accurate analysis, assessment and planning that involves children and young people it is possible for the authorities to help looked after children experience positive outcomes linked to their rights and needs. ‘Having stability and high expectations and recieving encouragement and support can allow them (children) to overcome adversity and risk and lead a relatively happy life’ (Happer et al., 2006).Education is also an important aspect in terms of stimulating the growth of resilience in children by encouraging social inclusion in the most favorable way. Research shows that children who develop a good relationship with their peers often find a group where they feel accepted and are able to exchange ideas with like-minded people resulting in higher self-esteem and ambitiousness. Additionally caring and supportive teachers who listen and can provide guidance to adolescents are also necessary. Knowing that somebody is there to support you when you need it the most provides much needed stability. Early on in the text we spoke about the long-lasting dangers of social deprivation and the people affected by it and it’s irreversable consequences. That it is why it is important to recognise symptoms in their early stages so that it can be successfully treated. Based on the findings in this this essay we can concluded that children from lower socio-economic backgrounds are especially vulnerable to the effects of social deprivation which is why measures must be taken to safeguard them. Protective factors as described are an effective way to fight social deprivation. Equiping young people with attributes and characteristics  – as well as giving them support in the form of practioners who give them guidance – helps build self-esteem. As discussed, one of the factors that has been most related to the resilience of children and young people is self-esteem, this is  the confidence in ones own worth or abilites such as: aesthetics, acedemic performance, career and/or social relations. A person with healthy self-esteem and self-respect is less vulnerable to the adversities of life, or risk factors.