Preserving the United Islamic stand in favour of a just and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian issue in accordance with the OIC resolutions and the decisions of the UN and international legitimacy, emphasizing the central character of providing protection for the heritage and sanctities of Al-Quds, and defending its Arabo-Islamic identity, Empowering the Palestinian people, consolidating their resistance and defending all their fundamental rights: political, social, civil, economic and cultural, and working with the international community in order to compel Israel to put an end to its settlement activities and to dismantle the settlements inside the Palestinian territories.1
On July 2011, the OIC urged the UN to recognize the status of Palestinian sovereignty. The UN is considered slow in resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, so OIC make the role to resolve that conflict. There are several peace efforts made by the OIC to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. First, the role of the OIC in the peace efforts against the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is that it has held meetings such as the Extraordinary Summit, the lobbying of the UN Security Council, and several other attempts.2
The Extraordinary Summit resulted in a “Safe Declaration” as a part of the solidarity to the people of Palestine. Then, to complete “Safe Declaration”, Egypt and Jordan as part of the OIC proposed a peace proposal containing calls to stop acts of violence, the withdrawal of Israeli forces in Palestinian territories, the disbursement of Palestinian funds in Israeli banks, the obedience of UN resolutions No. 242 and 3383, development of Jewish settlement is getting the push and the establishment of a committee composed of the United States (US), Russia, the European Union, Egypt and Jordan which aims to help Israel and the Palestinians reach a peace agreement.4
Second, OIC agreed to boycott Israeli production goods. Production goods will boycott only goods produced in illegal settlements. The peace efforts were undertaken by the OIC subsequently is goods produced in illegal settlements are called for boycott by Islamic countries as a solidarity of the Islamic state for Palestine.5
The Obstacles and Challenges Faced in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict in 2011
In the peace efforts made by the OIC to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, there are obstacles and challenges faced. First, the OIC between there and none because it does not have a common agenda that binds each member. Among the OIC members are not awakened in solidarity, there are only personal interests.6 The absence of a supranational organization capable of forcing and binding the nation-state to submit to it makes the international system in the anarchistic state. That is, each country prefers to prioritize its national interests, rather than mutually agreed interests, both at the regional and international levels.7
Second, the political crisis that hit most of the Middle East countries that are all members of the OIC since the beginning of January 2011, further complicates Palestinian hope for full support for the realization of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state. It is because all the attention of most OIC members diverted to their respective countries. This is seriously the obstacle and challenge. This is happening due to citizens’ lack of satisfaction with the government. It could be due to poverty, unemployment and worsening economic conditions. These factors can be lead to new opposition figures who feel they can make a better situation. Finally, the figure will move the time for the rally to trigger the conflict. This has become a shift of attention from OIC member countries.8
Third, United States action that will veto the efforts of the Palestinians. President Obama said that the Palestinian people are entitled to establish the state, but it must be done through dialogue with Israel. This is the way of United States to ensure that Palestinians people do not get freedom easily, it is also reinforced by the reason that United States is a close ally of Israel.9
Analysis of the Role of the OIC as an Effort to Resolve the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict in 2011
In this world, there are many organization international, one of the is the OIC. It is one of the international organizations that make peace efforts against the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This organization is an organization consisting of Muslim countries in the world. The OIC initially stood up because of the burning of Al-Aqsa Mosque located in Al-Quds or Jerusalem on August 21st, 1961. The incident provoked a strong reaction from among Muslims in the world. Actually, the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a long history. Many peace efforts are being made by the OIC. On July 2011, the OIC urged the UN to recognize the status of Palestinian sovereignty. The UN is considered slow in resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflic, so the OIC make the role to resolve the conflict.10
Many peace efforts are being made by the OIC to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. There is the role of the OIC in the peace efforts against the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is that it has held meetings such as the Extraordinary Summit, the lobbying of the UN Security Council, and several other attempts. The Extraordinary Summit resulted in a “Safe Declaration” as a part of the solidarity to the people of Palestine, and OIC agreed to boycott Israeli production goods. In addition, there are also obstacles and challenges faced by the OIC to the peace efforts of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. These obstacles and challenges can greatly affect the efforts made by the OIC. The obstacles and challenges are from internal and external to the OIC. From internal is like the agenda of the OIC is still a lack of solidarity, and from external is like the United States that complicate the independence of the Palestinians by exercising their veto rights.11
2 Peran OKI Dalam Upaya Perdamaian Palestina. Teori Politik. Available on http://teoripolitik.com/peran-oki-dalam-upaya-perdamaian-palestina/. Accessed on January 9th, 2018 at 5.05 a.m.
3 UN Resolutions No. 242 and 338 : Withdrawal of Israeli troops from occupied territory in the 1967 conflict. And the abolition of territorial claims by both sides (Israel and Palestine) in times of conflict, as well as respecting the right of every state in the region by recognizing the boundaries of territory has been mutually agreed upon.
5 Yanurisa Ananta. 2016. OKI Sepakat Boikot Barang Produksi Israel. Media Indonesia. Available on http://www.mediaindonesia.com/index.php/news/read/32842/oki-sepakat-boikot-barang-produksi-israel/2016-03-07. Accessed on January 9th, 2018 at 12.10 a.m.
6 Pascal S Bin Saju. 2016. OKI Tak “Bertaring” Atasi Konflik Palestina, Suriah, dan Yaman. Kompas.com. Available on internasional. http://internasional.kompas.com/read/2016/03/07/08585241/OKI.Tak.Bertaring.Atasi.Konflik.Palestina.Suriah.dan.Yaman. Accessed on January 9th, 2018 at 5.20 a.m.
7 Rizky Hikmawan. 2016. Pascakonferensi OKI dan Agenda Masa Depan. Koran Republika. Available on http://www.republika.co.id/berita/koran/opini-koran/16/03/11/o3v7ka2-pascakonferensi-oki-dan-agenda-masa-depan. Accessed on January 10th, 2018 at 12.00 p.m
8 Analisa Lengkap Konflik Timur Tengah. Available on http://islamidia.com/analisis-lengkap-konflik-timur-tengah/. Accessed on January 10th, 2018 at 1.46 p.m
9 Mardensi. 2012. Revitalisasi Peran Organisasi Konferensi Islam (OKI) Untuk Mewujudkan Negara Palestina Merdeka. Available on https://media.neliti.com/. Accessed on January 8th, 2018 at 9.50 p.m.
11 Peran OKI dalam Upaya Perdamaian Palestina. Teori Politik. Available on http://teoripolitik.com/peran-oki-dalam-upaya-perdamaian-palestina/. Accessed on January 9th, 2018 at 5.05 a.m.