Phones the dawn chorus or your friends

Phones can sap our precious time.

11. Waste of time

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Some of us are just nostalgic for a good old chat on the landline.

10. Nostalgia

Tapping constantly at your phone can lead to repetitive strain injury (RSI) in your fingers.

9. RSI

Hunching over your phone screen for hours in the dark can strain your eyes.

8. Eyesight issues

No explanation needed here

7. The temptation to call your ex late at night

If someone taps in to your data they could steal your identity, pilfer your photos, and erase your contacts list.

6. Security issues

It’s ironic, but some people feel that the cellphone (which is designed to keep people connected) can actually drive us further apart. Have you ever seen a group of friends at a restaurant, looking down at their phones instead of each other? That.

5. Isolation

It is easier than you might think to become addicted to your mobile phone, and so dependent on it that you forget to communicate in real life.

4. Dependency

That contract costs, WHAT, now?

3. Cost

You’re trying to have a romantic date and yet are plagued by incessant calls and texts.

2. Interruption

It’s so hard to work when your phone is tempting you to pick it up.

1. Distraction

Top 10 Disadvantages of Mobile Phones:

 

 

Find out anything you like

12. Internet access

You can take to anywhere and any place

11. Easy portable

Owning the latest cellphone technology, and decorating it with cute phone covers, is a great way to mark yourself out as a style icon

10. A fashion statement

Record the dawn chorus or your friends singing you happy birthday – all on your mobile phone.

9. A recording device

Turn on the flashlight function on your mobile to find your keys in your purse as you step off the bus, or to locate the candles when there’s a blackout in your house.

8. A handy torch

GPS technology enables you to pinpoint yourself on a map no matter how lost you are. Just fire up your phone to see your position and create a route to your destination.

7. Knowing where you are

Sophisticated cameras mean that you can take professional quality photos on your humble cell phone.

6. Getting snap happy

Whether you are searching for that Spanish word you read in the newspaper or reading some articles on a topic close to your heart, mobiles that are connected to the internet are a treasure trove of information.

5. Your mobile keeps you informed.

These days, mobile phones are loaded with all kinds of fun games. We all remember Nokia Snake, but more recently people have got way more into challenging their brains with Sudoku or whiling away the time during a long commute with a game of Candy Crush Saga.

There is no need to feel lonely when you have a mobile phone in your pocket: just connect with friends via text, FaceTime, voice calls or social media. 4. Fun and games

3. Staying connected.

Taking a mobile phone with you when you go hiking is a basic safety precaution. If you lose your way or get stuck in bad weather, your mobile phone could just save your life.

2. They can be life savers.

It’s great being able to call a friend when you are out and about – without being tied to a land line.

1. They are convenient.

Top 10 Advantages of Mobile Phones:

 

 

Standardization bodies, but they are at this time seen as under the 4G umbrella, not for a new mobile generation.

 

 

Future: 5G is a technology and term used in research papers and projects to denote the next major phase in mobile telecommunication standards beyond the 4G/IMT-Advanced standards. The term 5G is not officially used in any specification or official document yet made public by telecommunication companies or standardization bodies such as 3GPP, WiMAX Forum or ITU-R. New standards beyond 4G are currently being developed by

 

·         Individual GSM, WCDMA, ident and some satellite phone devices are uniquely identified by an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number.

·         All GSM phones use a SIM card to allow an account to be swapped among devices. Some CDMA devices also have a similar card called an R-UIM.

·         Basic mobile phone services to allow users to make calls and send text messages.

·         A screen which echoes the user’s typing displays text messages, contacts, and more.

·         An input mechanism to allow the user to interact with the phone. These are a keypad for feature phones and touch screens for most smartphones.

·         A battery, providing the power source for the phone functions.

The common components found on all phones are:

Structure:

 

Public Health Law Research maintains a list of distracted driving laws in the United States. This database of laws provides a comprehensive view of the provisions of laws that restrict the use of mobile communication devices while driving for all 50 states and the District of Columbia between 1992 when first law was passed, through December 1, 2010. The dataset contains information on 22 dichotomous, continuous or categorical variables including, for example, activities regulated (e.g., texting versus talking, hands-free versus handheld), targeted populations, and exemptions.

Accidents involving a driver being distracted by talking on a mobile phone have begun to be prosecuted as negligence similar to speeding. In the United Kingdom, from 27 February 2007, motorists who are caught using a hand-held mobile phone while driving will have three penalty points added to their license in addition to the fine of £60.49 This increase was introduced to try to stem the increase in drivers ignoring the law.50 Japan prohibits all mobile phone use while driving, including use of hands-free devices. New Zealand has banned hand-held cell phone use since 1 November 2009. Many states in the United States have banned texting on cell phones while driving. Illinois became the 17th American state to enforce this law.51 As of July 2010, 30 states had banned texting while driving, with Kentucky becoming the most recent addition on July 15.52

A 2010 study reviewed the incidence of mobile phone use while cycling and its effects on behaviour and safety.46 In 2013, a national survey in the US reported the number of drivers who reported using their cellphones to access the Internet while driving had risen to nearly one of four.47 A study conducted by the University of Vienna examined approaches for reducing inappropriate and problematic use of mobile phones, such as using mobile phones while driving.48

Due to the increasing complexity of mobile phones, they are often more like mobile computers in their available uses. This has introduced additional difficulties for law enforcement officials when attempting to distinguish one usage from another in drivers using their devices. This is more apparent in countries which ban both handheld and hands-free usage, rather than those which ban handheld use only, as officials cannot easily tell which function of the mobile phone is being used simply by looking at the driver. This can lead to drivers being stopped for using their device illegally for a phone call when, in fact, they were using the device legally, for example, when using the phone’s incorporated controls for car stereo, GPS or satnav.

A 2011 study reported that over 90% of college students surveyed text (initiate, reply or read) while driving.44 The scientific literature on the dangers of driving while sending a text message from a mobile phone, or texting while driving, is limited. A simulation study at the University of Utah found a sixfold increase in distraction-related accidents when texting.45

Mobile phone use while driving, including talking on the phone, texting, or operating other phone features, is common but controversial. It is widely considered dangerous due to distracted driving. Being distracted while operating a motor vehicle has been shown to increase the risk of accidents. In September 2010, the US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reported that 995 people were killed by drivers distracted by cell phones. In March 2011, a U.S. insurance company, State Farm Insurance, announced the results of a study which showed 19% of drivers surveyed accessed the Internet on a smartphone while driving.43 Many jurisdictions prohibit the use of mobile phones while driving. In Egypt, Israel, Japan, Portugal, and Singapore, both handheld and hands-free use of a mobile phone (which uses a speakerphone) is banned. In other countries, including the UK and France and in many U.S. states, only handheld phone use is banned while hands-free use is permitted.

·         While driving:

·         One study of past mobile phone use cited in the report showed a “40% increased risk for gliomas (brain cancer) in the highest category of heavy users (reported average: 30 minutes per day over a 10?year period)”. This is a reversal of the study’s prior position that cancer was unlikely to be caused by cellular phones or their base stations and that reviews had found no convincing evidence for other health effects. However, a study published 24 March 2012, in the British Medical Journal questioned these estimates because the increase in brain cancers has not paralleled the increase in mobile phone use. Certain countries, including France, have warned against the use of mobile phones by minors in particular, due to health risk uncertainties. Mobile pollution by transmitting electromagnetic waves can be decreased up to 90% by adopting the circuit as designed in mobile phone and mobile exchange

·         Some recent studies have found an association between mobile phone use and certain kinds of brain and salivary gland tumors. Lennart Hardell and other authors of a 2009 meta-analysis of 11 studies from peer-reviewed journals concluded that cell phone usage for at least ten years “approximately doubles the risk of being diagnosed with a brain tumor on the same (‘ipsilateral’) side of the head as that preferred for cell phone use”.

·         On 31 May 2011, the World Health Organization stated that mobile phone use may possibly represent a long-term health risk,5657 classifying mobile phone radiation as “possibly carcinogenic to humans” after a team of scientists reviewed studies on mobile phone safety.58 The mobile phone is in category 2B, which ranks it alongside coffee and other possibly carcinogenic substances.

The effect of mobile phone radiation on human health is the subject of recent interest and study, as a result of the enormous increase in mobile phone usage throughout the world. Mobile phones use electromagnetic radiation in the microwave range, which some believe may be harmful to human health. A large body of research exists, both epidemiological and experimental, in non-human animals and in humans. The majority of this research shows no definite causative relationship between exposure to mobile phones and harmful biological effects in humans. This is often paraphrased simply as the balance of evidence showing no harm to humans from mobile phones, although a significant number of individual studies do suggest such a relationship, or are inconclusive. Other digital wireless systems, such as data communication networks, produce similar radiation.

·      Health effect

 

·         4G became commerically available in the UK in late 2012 and offers super fast connections and similarly speedy downloads.

·         3G launched in 2001 and allowed operators to offer a huge range of advanced services such as video calling and HSPA data transmission.

·         Mobiles that we use today are 3G mobiles, or Third Generation mobiles, or even more advanced 4G handsets.

·         The birth of the Second Generation (2G) mobile phones was in Finland in 1993. It was also the year that the first SMS text messages were sent and that data services began to appear on mobile phones.

·         This allowed users to keep their connections as they travelled between base stations – so as a user walked from one mobile phone mast to another, the connection and conversation would not drop or be interrupted.

·         Mobile telephony developed in leaps and bounds over the next decade, particularly with the arrival of handover technology.

Japan became the first country to have a city-wide commercial cellular mobile phone network in 1979.
The Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) system launched in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland in 1981.
The next major step in mobile phone history was in the mid-eighties with the First Generation (1G) fully automatic cellular networks were introduced.
The first ever mobile phone to be approved by the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) in the USA was the Motorola DynaTac in 1983.

Landmarks in early mobile phone history:

Cooper made mobile phone history in April 1973 when he made the first ever call on a handheld mobile phone.

Handsets that could be used in a vehicle had been developed prior to Martin Cooper’s phone, but his was the first usable truly portable mobile telephone.

The first mobile phone invented for practical use was by a Motorola employee called Martin Cooper who is widely considered to be a key player in the history of mobile phones.

These early mobile phones are often referred to as 0G mobile phones, or Zero Generation mobile phones. Most phones today rely on 3G or 4G mobile technology.

Motorola, on 3 April 1973 were first company to mass produce the the first handheld mobile phone.

Instead of relying on base stations with separate cells (and the signal being passed from one cell to another), the first mobile phone networks involved one very powerful base station covering a much wider area.

The very first mobile phones were not really mobile phones at all. They were two-way radios that allowed people like taxi drivers and the emergency services to communicate.

Mobile phones were invented as early as the 1940s when engineers working at AT developed cells for mobile phone base stations.

However, the history of mobile phones goes back to 1908 when a US Patent was issued in Kentucky for a wireless telephone.

Mobile phones, particularly the smartphones that have become our inseparable companions today, are relatively new.

When mobile phones were first invented?

In fact, mobile phones as we know them today have only been around in the last 20 years.

Although most of us feel like we couldn’t live without our mobile phones, they’ve not really been in existence for very long.

History:

A cell phone is a handheld PC with a portable working framework  and an integrated mobile connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication Cell phones are normally stash measured, rather than tablets, which are substantially bigger in estimate. They can run an assortment of programming parts, known as “applications”. Most essential applications (e.g. occasion logbook, camera, web program) come pre-introduced with the framework, while others are accessible for download from places like the Google Play Store or Apple App Store. Applications can get bug fixes and increase extra usefulness through programming refreshes; also, working frameworks can refresh. Present day cell phones have a touchscreen shading show with a graphical UI that covers the front surface and empowers the client to utilize a virtual console to sort and press on screen symbols to enact “application” highlights. Versatile installment is currently a typical subject among generally cell phones.