Two buildings were also built by the emperor, which were known as Latin library and Greek library. The main residential part of the palace included a large courtyard and a unique building having Doric columns in them. Portico and richly adorned rooms were built inside another grand court, which was known as Golden Court, as it was having very rich finds in it. A series of underground roads, storage facilities, passages, and slave quarters have also been built much below the surface of this villa.
In order to run such a huge complex, most of the infrastructure was tucked away neatly, which as another uniqueness of this villa. However, even from the above findings and observations of the architects, it is still very hard to create the appearance of the villa, that it used to be at the time of the Emperor Hadrian, as all the upper parts of the various buildings have been loss during years and wars occurred in the region. Another uniqueness of the Villa Hadriana is its collection of rich monuments, which were brought from various parts of the Roman empire of that time.
The display of this rich collection was a symbol of culture and learnedness among wealthy Roman Emperors of that time, especially the emperors, who ruled in the first and second century BCE. Some influences can be found from the two buildings of Marcus Tullius Cicero; Academia and Lyceum, which were famous for their philosophical education in the ancient Greece. Similarly, an area called Syracusa was found to be in the residence of Augustus, which also played an influential part in the various buildings that were built in the Hadrian’s Villa.
There are some associations of this Hadrian’s villa with some ideas, which were taken by the previous emperors of that time. However, it is not possible to identify every association due to the dispersion of the artistic elements of the original villa that were built by the emperor. A famous monument in the ancient Athens was ‘Stoa Poikile’ that was painted colonnade, and therefore, the ‘Poikile’ of the Hadrian’s villa has been associated with this Greek monument. Similarly, an artificial canal that has connected the Canopus, an ancient city with another city of Alexandria in the Egypt was referred with the ‘Canopus’ building of the villa.
The Hadrian’s villa is also having a structure that is similar to the Temple of Serapis, which was considered as one of the famous characteristics of the city of Canopus in the ancient Egypt. In terms of works of art and building materials, the Villa of Hadrian has no equal palace or no superior building that have been built in that era. The Roman Empire had adorned the best available resources during the construction of the villa. In this regard, it is known from the history that the selection of works of art for the villa was actively done by the Hadrian himself.
However, museums and collectors have now dispersed most of the valuable objects of Hadrian’s Villa throughout the Europe. Even then, the statuary of the ancient villa is having over 500 statues that are considered as the part of the original villa. The Capitoline and Vatican are some of the museums that are having some of the famous statues of the Hadrian’s Villa. Many parts of the villa are found to be having opus sectile arrangements in the pavements. Usual geometric patterns like squares, lozenges, and triangles have been used in the creation of the designs.
Ivory, precious, and semi-precious marbles and colored glass have also been used in the abovementioned patterns. In this regard, only the most prestigious parts of the villa were incorporated opus sectile, due to its costly expenditure and demand. The Hadrian’s villa has also gained significance in the present day, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. An important cultural and archaeological significance has been given to this architectural design and building in this villa. In this regard, every year, it is considered as one of the major tourist attractions around the world.
However, the rapid deterioration of the ruins of the Hadrian’s Villa had put it in the list of 100 Most Endangered Sites of 2006 List of the Monuments of the World. Until now, we have tried to understand and acknowledge the various aspects and significance of the Hadrian’s Villa that is located at the Tivoli in the Italy. From now, we will discuss the different perspectives of the Villa Capra ‘La Rotonda’, in order to compare and have a view of contrast with the above-discussed Villa of Hadrian in the same country.
Villa Capra ‘La Rotonda’ is generally considered as the resurgence or rebirth villa of the Italy. The city of Vicenza, which is located in the Northern Italy, is occupying this dignified architectural building. A famous Italian architect, Andrea Palladio has designed the Villa Rotonda, which has also gained its significance as the UNESCO World Heritage Site. There are many names that have been given to this villa by different and various people as per their perception and culture. La Rotonda, Villa La Rotonda, Villa Rotunda, and Villa Almerico are some of these names of this villa.
However, Villa Almerico-Capra is the correct name for this villa. This name refers to the Capra brothers, by whom this villa was completed in the year 1591. In the year 1565, a country house was built by a priest, Paolo Almerico, who came back to the Vicenza, which was his hometown, and was his last place of settlement after his retirement from the Vatican. However, he was not aware of the signifying fact that this country house of 1591 would be taken as an inspiration during the construction of various architectural prototypes for decades and decades.