Over of 2001. After the landfill came to

Over the years, landfills have been a big part of our environment. The definition of a landfill is a depression in the land which is also a system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land. Once a landfill reaches its maximum capacity the company has to close the landfill. When closed the company has acres of land and puts it to use. Most of these landfills get turned into recreational spaces or parks. Landfills have been collecting too much trash. “The average person throws away about 7.1 pounds of trash per person per day which would generate about 102 tons of trash”(Humes, 5). There is three main problems with landfills, leachates, greenhouse gases, and reusable goods that get thrown away. Once trash gets to a dumping sites and it hits the floor the workers can not touch it and the things that could have been recycled become municipal solid waste. But the dumping site does collect tires, metals, and also take out plastics especially aluminum to recover them so we don’t have to take oil out from the ground anymore (Field trip). Trucks have to fill up 35 to 40 thousand pounds before it goes to the actual landfill. This is a huge problem in the landfill company because some of these products are hazardous or can be recycled and resused for other purposes. There are many landfills that have closed and renovated the space. There are two main properties, Fresh Kills landfill and Puente Hills landfill that have turned their landfills into parks today. Two of the major landfill we had in the United States one of which was Fresh Kills landfill located in New York City. The Fresh Kills landfill opened in 1948, and remained the city’s dumping ground for 53 years. The landfill had peaked in 1986 and was bringing in more than 29,000 tons of trash a day more than they could handle (The Transformation). After many years of hard work and dedication they closed in March of 2001. After the landfill came to their full capacity the companies wanted to do something with it. They then started making the sanitary landfills safe for the public. They used methane pumps, new engineering, and all of the environmental regulations are now up to date to make it safe. Most people think that they will be able to smell the trash that is under them but that’s not true. There is about 2 and a half feet of soil that is cleaner than in most of people’s backyards on top of a very heavy industrial grade liner (Fresh Kills: From landfill to park). With this soil on top of all the decomposed trash it should help any leachate from being produced. “But also with pipes and water treatments facilities installed to purify any runoff until it is clean to ensure their system works, 238 groundwater monitoring wells were also installed to track water quality” (The Transformation). With all of these updates to the landfill they have about 30 years left until the whole park is open but there is 1 section of the park that is open where people can walk around. But the whole park is broken down into 5 main areas. “The park is designed and programmed to maximize specific site opportunities and constraints” (The Transformation). Fresh Kills wants to to have a park that has something for everyone. The second landfill was Puente Hills landfill located in Los Angeles, California. Puente Hills Landfill first opened in 1957 and after 56 years of operation, the Puente Hills Landfill closed on October 31, 2013. Puente Hills has received nearly 130 million tons of trash over the many years (Touring the Largest Active Landfill in America). With all that trash Puente Hills is still known as a sanitary landfill instead of a dump. “This is because clean dirt covers the trash buried beneath, sealing all the garbage and the aromas in with it” (Humes, 32). When Puente Hills was open, they realized that with all the trash that is decomposing, the pipes would crack and could be very hazardous to the workers. “To fix this problem they used plastic pipes of varying diameters and fit them together loosely, with plenty of overlap so that the toxic leachate and a steady flow of landfill gases would release” (Humes 33). This helped the landfill tremendously because they could use the energy from the gas and put it to use for power generation at the landfill. “After all of the improvements over the years and the public’s input on turning the Puente Hills into a park, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors gave the County of Los Angeles Department of Parks and Recreation the green light to proceed with plans to develop a 142-acre park” (The Transformation). The County of Los Angeles Department of Park and Recreation did not want to make all of the decisions for the new Puente Hills park so they asked the communities what they wanted to see in the new park and took that into consideration as well. The first section of the park will be open to the public as soon as 2020. As this park will be built in phases, the completion will not be ready for about 30 years.They also want the park to be eco friendly and not have people drive. They want visitors to use a gondola to reach the top of Puente Hills and get an amazing view. So despite the fact that landfills are the common place for waste disposal, once they hit their capacity there are new and upcoming technologies that will be able to turn landfills into community recreational facilities. The common goal is to eventually turn these landfills into environmentally safe places for animals and people. Turning a landfill into a park transforms a noxious liability into a asset by recycling urban assets.