One way the restrictions and beliefs shaped the latter half
of the 1800’s is Native Americans were only able to obtain citizenship by
accepting the terms of the Dawes Act and were considered “Wards of the Government,”
the craziest part of this is that Native Americans made up about 2/3 of the
population at this time as well, yet couldn’t become citizens of their own
country. The late 1800’s also determined who was and who was not allowed to
vote. In the late 1800’s, 1870 to be exact, a ratification to the 15th
amendment allowed African American males to vote, however African American
females still were not granted that right.  Even with some of the African American population
allowed to vote they still faced heavy segregation from the Jim Crow laws.
Actually, by this time no women at all had gained the right to vote simply
because they were women, women were even banned from most professions.

My chosen group of immigrants was greatly impacted by this in
positive and negative ways. One of the best ways the Homestead Act that allowed
any settler to who lived on land for 5 years and improved that land got that
land for free! This allowed immigrants with little to no money to get a fresh
start for free, they just had to work very hard at it. Unfortunately, the
immigrants started to believe that the Native Americans needed to assimilate to
their ways and that’s where the Dawes Act comes into play. This semi forced the
Native Americans to cooperate or get out type of thing, which of course is
never the answer. Now of course this act ended in failure, the Native Americans
wanted no part of this, go figure. The segregation the white felt they required
caused many difficulties in the years to come. Thanks to the constant flow of immigrants a change in the
workforce was made. The National Labor Union was created and that only lasted
from 1866-1873. This organization fought to unite all existing trade unions and
political activists that wanted 8 hour work days. This led to the Knights of
Labor act and this fought to include everyone, even those with little to no
skills, except Chinese immigrants because of fear. Lastly, those organizations
led to the creation of the American Federation of Labor, which led to a
collective bargaining agreement that helped give immigrants and other workers
better wages, hours and even better working conditions.

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