One bounded by archipelago of Malay, Australia and

       One of the foundation of ecosystem is biodiversity. Humans live in earth
together with other organisms. Anything that exist on earth varies from each
other this includes the biotic and abiotic components. Biotic or living
organisms varies from each other. These includes plants, animals, fungus and
other classification that depicts life whether it is aquatic or non-aquatic
organisms on different biota. These organisms play an important role to balance
the environment and the ecosystem. The productiveness of an ecosystem enhances
because of its biodiversity and the example of this is when there’s an extent
number of species in plant there’s more diverse quantity of crops and
sustaining the life forms augments because of the diversity (Shah,
2014). Aquatic biodiversity is one that comprises life in marine or aquatic environment
and the ecological community in different water bodies such as fresh water,
seas, lakes, streams, reservoirs and other bodies. Philippines is a country
that has one of the richest marine biodiversity in the world. The country is
surrounded by bodies of water. It was known as the marine biodiversity in the
world. It is bounded by archipelago of Malay, Australia and Papua New Guinea forming
a “Coral Triangle” (Carpenter et al. 2005). In this region it is believed that
there 90 genus with 400-500 of corals. The Coral Triangle that lies the Sulu-Sulawesi
with 900,000 square kilometers aquatic region and in a report on 2005 it is
said that the Philippines is the marine biodiversity epicenter and not just
part because of its rich aquatic biodiversity in the whole world (Carpenter
et al., 2005). Even if the Philippines is
reach in biodiversity there’s a possibility that it will be harmed by human
activities. One of the example of this is mining. Mining is the extraction of ores
and minerals under the ground to be used by humans in different purposes. Marine
plants and animals are crucial to have a healthy ecosystem since they interact
with each other. In relation to this of biodiversity in mining. It affects the
marine or aquatic organism physically and chemically (Klemow
, 2017).

     
A kind of mining namely strip mining or coal mining and the most
abundant fossil fuel is found on this (Evans
M. and Ramani J., 2017). It is the coal where
it is used as an energy by human and in 18th to 19th centuries,
it was the elementary source of fuel and during that time bigger extraction of
coals was performed (Evans
M. and Ramani J. 2017). In this study
named “Ecological Effects of River Mining”, gravel and sand mining was observed
in the rivers of  Rio Minho and Yallah in
Jamaica which also a developing nation like Philippines (Harrison
et al., 2003). The main aim of this research
project was to discover the effects of gravel and sand mining on the
biodiversity of those rivers (Harrison
et al., 2003). Marine species are harmed
because of the sediments that are extracted from the river through mining (Harrison
et al., 2003). Since the biota was
disturbed by mining, the recolonization flora and fauna are very slow (Harrison
et al., 2003).

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 The study named “Mining and
Critical Ecosystems: Mapping the Risks” by Bingcang
et al. (2003), states that mining has had
an inadequate contribution in the economy in developing nations, while other
country had a great benefit on this. On their study, they found out that the
debates on national and global center on investigation may have an extreme
infliction on regions or areas that the policies on protection in mining are
not strongly imposed (Bingcang
et al. 2003).  It is also said that the three quarters of
sites that mining activity or operation was held are areas that there must be a
great focus on conservation and high stress in watershed and also if developing
countries will have a weak system of governance, mining will impossibly have
positive effects (Bingcang
et al. 2003).

      
According to the news of Philstar Global, the Secretary of Environment
Roy Cimatu said that they must make a conservation of biodiversity in
responsible mining when they have an activity  (Rhodina Villanueva,
2017). The Field Museum of Chicago have found new 56 species of mammal or 93
percent newly found species in the whole world in aquatic bodies of this
tropical region and            this new
discoveries of mammalian species will have a better protection and conservation
on animals and plants in certain biota through the administration of President
Rodrigo Duterte   (Rhodina Villanueva,
2017). In this project named “Assessment of Aquatic Biodiversity in Selected
Mining Environs in Mindanao”, it assesses the abundance of aquatic flora and
fauna in in certain areas in Mindanao with near mining activity to help alleviate
the current condition of our biodiversity here in Mindanao (Labador,
2015).