Nene KeitaMr. SchmidtHonors U.S History, Period 4DateW.E.B Du Bois William Edward Burghardt du Bois, known as W.E.B du Bois was an American civil rights activist, a scholar, and a Pan-Africanist. He was an important african american protest leader during the first half century. W.E.B du Bois was born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, MA. He lived in community with a majority of white. W.E.B du Bois identified himself as a “mulatto ” half white – half black. While growing up, he attended a white school. In 1885, he attended Fisk University, in Nashville, Tennessee. During the next three years he witnessed discrimination therefore he was determined to progress social justice for black people, it was also his first experiences of the Jim Crow laws. Du Bois believed in Black Nationalism and in socialism. “While Du Bois originally believed that social science could help provide the knowledge to solve racial problems, he came to the conclusion that in a climate of virulent racism, express as lynching, disenfranchisement, Jim Crow Segregation laws, and race riots, social change could occur only in agitation and protest.”(NNDB, W.E.B Du Bois”) In 1906, Du Bois took the lead in founding the Niagara Movement, with twenty-nine African-American leaders. The Niagara Movement was a black civil rights organization dedicated to attacking the platform of Booker T. Washington. The following group late became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). W.E.B had an important role in creating the NAACP, he was the association’s director of research and editor of the Crisis, a magazine he created. The Crisis magazine, was the main piece of the NAACP policies and news. The articles were mostly written without consent of the whites individuals in the NAACP. During the 1920s, the magazine also published work of young African-American writers throughout the year of Du Bois, being their editor in chief.As an observer for the NAACP at the Paris Peace Conference, it was during that time that he realize there was a need of a Pan-African conference, to inform the world about of Africans problems. In 1921, Du Bois held the Pan-African meeting, where he met Marcus Garvey. He and Du Bois had different way of advocating Pan-Africanism. DuBois arrange another Pan-African conference in 1923, but the turnout was minimal. At the end of the conference, DuBois decided to visit Africa for the first time.In 1924, Du Bois and the NAACP began to support a cultural movement of black writers, artists, and musicians that came to be known as the Harlem Renaissance. Du Bois maintained that blacks were gifted with a sense of beauty, which could be seen by their artistic accomplishments. Du Bois, like black intellectual Alaine Locke, spoke of “Negro Art Renaissance” and encouraged black writers and artists to submit their work to prize competitions organized by the NAACP. Du Bois played a role in the Harlem Renaissance. One way was an annual feature of a special children’s edition, also in the early ’20s, W.E.B du Bois and the help of the editors Jessie Fauset and Augustus Dill,began writing another magazine: The Brownies’ Book, provided stories, poems, and short biographies about young african american. In 1934, he resigned from the NAACP, surrendering his influence as a race leader. Life for African Americans did not change much after WWI, they were still segregated, and treated differently. During the 1920s and 1930s, Du Bois tried to change that by being part of the founding members of the NAACP. Through the NAACP, Du bois tried to change society for African American by fighting for their rights. For example, as editor in chief, Dubois emphasized on brutalities stories committed against blacks that were ignored by other press. “By 1920 it was shipping over 100,000 copies a month to subscribers, and the influence of the NAACP grew through a successive series of court victories overturning grandfather clauses and residential segregation.”(webdev.neh.gov) Another way was through education, encouraging African American to become more involved in literature, and music, by writing stories for children. These were way’s W.E.B Du Bois tried to change society for African Americans.Works CitedWendt, Simon.” W.E.B duBois”, Encyclopedia of jazz age .James Ciment, Sharpe Reference “W. E. B. Du Bois.” NNDB, www.nndb.com/people/535/000031442/.The New York Times, The New York Times, www.nytimes.com/books/00/11/05/reviews/001105.05lingemt.html.”W.E.B. Du Bois.” Biography.com, A Networks Television, 28 Apr. 2017, Rudwick, Elliott. “W.E.B. Du Bois.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 19 Dec. 2017, www.britannica.com/biography/W-E-B-Du-Bois.W.E.B. Du Bois and the Foundation of the NAACP.” National Endowment for the Humanities,www.neh.gov/news/web-du-bois-and-the-foundation-the-naacp.