“Naval Chase, Bill Fleming, and Glenville Tremaine.)” Torpedo

“Naval power was notable large in size to those nations committed to the fighting of World War 1. Torpedo boats are small and fast ships made to carry torpedoes into war. Torpedoes are weapons with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface and propelled underwater towards a target such as a ship or a battleship.” These torpedoes are really bright, effective and explosive. Torpedo boats were made by “Germans and they are Henry R. Sutphen of Electric Launch Company and his designers (Irwin Chase, Bill Fleming, and Glenville Tremaine.)” Torpedo boats were made in Germany and Torpedoes were made in the United Kingdom. Germany is in Western and Central Europe. Torpedoes were made by a different person, that person’s name was Robert Whitehead in 1866. “He created the Modern self-propelled torpedo. Some names of torpedo boats are USS O’Brien (TB-30), USS Somers (TB-22), USS MacKenzie (TB-17), USS Shubrick (TB-31), USS Stockton (TB-32) and USS Thornton.”At that time when torpedo boats, often referred to as PT boats, were used in attacking enemy shipping and naval forces under cover of darkness and bad weather. Some of these torpedo boats sunk to the bottom of the ocean or sea and some of them didn’t get wrecked or hit by anything and are still used in the U.S or another country Navy today. Torpedo boats are used to attack other Naval Ships on sea or ocean in secret or for battle in a war such as World War One and Two. Life in Torpedo boats is not easy for some people in the Navy, and these difficulties are: No exposure to sunlight, Long work hours and rotating shifts, Fresh Air, Skin begins to smell like diesel fumes, Being and Getting Emotional and finally and most importantly and Missing Family and Friends. Some people or citizens or maybe no people ask this question, “Why did people decide to go to war?” The answer to that is that war confers many things on boys or girls who pick up a weapon to fight. They learn the true meaning of fear. They test their own capacity for courage and the limits of human endurance. Teenagers at the age of 16 or higher had no chance but to go to war for their country. Many teenagers have died in World War 1 and the number of teenagers were about millions. One of the youngest death of a teenager was named John Condon, he was only 14 years old when he died but his body was found at the age of 18. People wanted to serve in the World War because they wanted to protect their way of life and wanted to protect their country. Torpedoes are really strong explosive missiles launched under or above the surface of a body of water such as a ocean or sea and attack what target it is launched at. An example is that, the Royal Navy had blockaded Germany at the start of World War I. When RMS Lusitania left New York for Britain on 1st of May 1915, German submarine warfare was intensifying in the Atlantic and sent a torpedo and attacked the Lusitania from coming into the War Zone. People don’t know what was on the Lusitania and if it had to deal with American supplies for war or America trying to trade and travel to Britain. It is a mystery because no one knows what could have contained on the ship, like I said it could be the World War or something else. The history of Torpedo boats is really interesting because it tells us lots of information about torpedo boats and their are some of the information is that the “CSS David was the first ship designed from the keel up as a torpedo boat, and the first in naval history to explode a torpedo against the side of an enemy ship and another fact is that Torpedoes aren’t just used for explosives only.” Torpedo Boats are almost about 75 to 125 ft (22.8–38.1 m) long and are powered by gasoline or diesel engines. A torpedo boat’s speed is about and goes up to speeds of 200 knots (370 km/h or 230 mph) and the speed of a submarine is about and probably up to speeds of 44.85 knots (83.06 km/h; 51.61 mph). This isn’t a lot because of its weight and how many supplies are inside a submarine because submarines are used for protecting aircraft carriers on the surface of the water, attacking other submarines and watercraft, as supply vessels for other subs, “launching torpedoes and missiles at land and sea targets, and for providing surveillance and protection from terrorist or other countries at the other side of the world. Some similarities of a torpedo boat and a submarine are that they both need a crew, naval vessel that is capable of propelling itself beneath the water as well as on the water’s surface and last but not least and also the most obvious one of all is that they both travel under or above the surface of body of water such as oceans, seas and other big areas in water for naval reasons.” Our Navy needs torpedo boats because we may need to attack a ship or another torpedo boat or war reasons or something else I don’t know about. The Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boats (MTBs), (standing for Patrol Torpedo) were all of this type in both of the World Wars for several different countries not just the United States. Torpedoes were used in World War One because of and for sinking “merchant shipping suspected mostly by Germans of supplying allies”. Some people and a lot of countries during the World War used torpedo boats but one important country mostly used it all to battle the Allied Powers and the country’s name is Germany and they used U-boats (submarines) used torpedoes to sink boats and ships of any country that came near it or attacked the U-Boats. “U-Boats is a “Good” version of the German word U-Boot, shortened of Unterseeboot, literally “undersea boat” in English. This is an easier way to describe it is a German Submarine in English.”There were two sides in World War One and Two and they were called the “Allied Powers” and the “Central Powers.” The main “Allied Powers” were the “United States”, “United Kingdom , “Soviet Union” and “France” in World War 1 and in the “Central Powers” were “Germany”, “Austria-Hungary”, and “Turkey” in World War 1 but in World War 2, there was the “Allied Powers”, “Central Powers” and “Axis Powers”. “Third Class Cruisers or Vessels were torpedo boats at the time when the war was happening. These included vessels such as the Archer-class which was more than 1,000 tons and it was intended to protect the main group of ships sailing together from the emerging threat posed by other torpedo boats, a role which would eventually give way to the first destroyers during the first World War.” “Another common role for third-class cruisers was that of flotilla leader for small formations of destroyers. “The ship would carry the destroyer flotilla commander (Captain “D”) and his small crew who would direct and coordinate the small force’s operations which would often be made of convoy escort or enforcing a blockade line for the enemy or enemies in World War One.” “Vessels such as the Archer-class which was intended to protect the main fleet from the emerging threat posed by torpedo boats, a role which would eventually give way to the first destroyers.”Before World War I steam torpedo boats which were larger and more heavily armed than hitherto were being used. The new internal combustion engine generated much more power for a given weight and size than steam engines, and allowed the development of a new class of small and fast boats. “During the First World War, three junior officers of the Harwich destroyer force suggested that small motor boats carrying a torpedo might be capable of travelling over the protective minefields and attacking ships of the Imperial German Navy at anchor in their bases. In 1915, the Admiralty produced a Staff Requirement requesting designs for a Coastal Motor Boat for service in the North Sea.” The first new torpedo boats built after World War I were basically small destroyers with an satisfactory mix of large guns and torpedo armament. Today’s torpedoes can be divided into lightweight and heavyweight classes; and into straight-running, autonomous homers, and wire-guided. They can be launched from a variety of platforms. Torpedoes were widely used in the First World War, both against shipping and against submarines. Germany disrupted the supply lines to Britain largely by use of submarine torpedoes (though submarines also extensively used guns). “In 1917 they were conducting experiments with pure oxygen instead of compressed air. Because of explosions they abandoned the experiments but resumed them in 1926 and by 1933 had a working torpedo. They also used conventional wet-heater torpedoes.” In conclusion, Robert Fulton was responsible for several turning points in history.  His torpedo, submarine, and steam warship were turning points that changed warfare forever.  Fulton intended to end wars with his weapons of mass destruction. Instead, they made strong navies even more important. *This is a conclusion of Torpedoes not the whole project.*Robert Fulton died in 1815 in February 25th. He is always remembered and learned about because of his inventions of the steamboat and submarines. Robert Fulton died 7 days later after the War of 1812. The War of 1812 was a conflict fought between the United States, the United Kingdom, and their respective allies. The president at the time was James Madison, the 4th United States President. This has to do with Torpedo boats because after the submarine was made there was an idea for the Torpedo boat and I think it was made in the late 1800’s. “As the torpedo increased in capability, it naturally grew in size: by 1912, the 18?inch Mark 7 measured 17 feet in length, weighed 1,628 pounds, and carried a warhead of 326 pounds of TNT to a range of 6,000 yards at 35 knots. In 1914, the navy settled on a diameter of 21 inches for most of its new torpedoes a standard that endured for the rest of the century.” Torpedoes were widely used in the First World War, both against shipping and against submarines. Germany disrupted the supply lines to Britain largely by use of submarine torpedoes (Also used very dangerous machinery and guns). Britain and its allies also used torpedoes throughout the war. “A torpedo tube is a cylinder shaped device for launching torpedoes. There are two main types of torpedo tube: underwater tubes fitted to submarines and some surface ships, and deck-mounted units (also referred to as torpedo launchers) installed aboard surface vessels. One torpedo right now in the present time is called “Mark 48″ Torpedo. The Mark 48 Torpedo is used to to sink deep-diving nuclear-powered submarines and high-performance surface ships.” The average cost of this torpedo will be about 4 Million dollars. This torpedo isn’t just used for the United States Navy, its also used for Brazilian Navy Royal, Australian Navy Royal, Canadian Navy Royal, Netherlands Navy, and The Republic of China Navy. This torpedo weighs about 3,700 lbs! But, the length is about 19 feet max. This torpedo goes 63 miles per hour and is only used for submarines and torpedo boats not airplanes or jets, “Air Force.” Another torpedo is called an aerial torpedo, “airborne torpedo or air-dropped torpedo is a naval weapon, a torpedo, that an aircraft fixed-wing aircraft or helicopter drops in the water, after which the weapon propels itself to the target. The term “aerial torpedo” meant flying bombs and pilotless drone aircraft used as weapons, the precursor to modern cruise missiles. Today, the term refers primarily to water-borne torpedoes launched from the air.””On May 1, 1917, a German seaplane loosed a torpedo and sank the 2,784-long-ton (2,829 tons) British steamship Gena off Suffolk. A second German seaplane was downed by gunfire from the sinking Gena. German torpedo bomber squadrons were subsequently assembled at Ostend and Zeebrugge for further action in the North Sea. Given the way military technology spreads, once torpedo boats were introduced, a new class of small, fast warships had to be designed and built to defend capital ships from torpedo boats”. In addition to being relatively small and swift, these new warships had to be heavily armed so they could sink a lot of torpedo boats and big enough to screen the heavy battle fleet from this fearful swarm. Technology provided an additional method for locating a submerged submarine. The destroyers were fitted with a microphone that detects sound waves on their bow and stern from the submarines motors. Three boats acting in concert, could by surveying pinpoint the exact location of the U-boat. To the everlasting confusion of naval historians as well as those who enjoy reading naval history, after World War One, the German Navy dropped the word “destroyer” and kept the words “torpedo boat.”