Moving on the 1867 where the discoveries of gold and diamonds altered the southern African region. This discover created an immense division between the British, Boers, and Africans. South Africa now attracted the world because of its valuable resources. The amount of gold and diamonds were greater than any amount that has ever been found in any other part of the world. Hundreds of thousands of Africans worked in the mines. They were not paid well compared to the work they did. The gold and diamond market were profitable because they had inexpensive labor, which was hundreds and thousands of Africans. In the 1870s the British conquered the Southern African state because the African labor they were using were bargaining for higher wages. This way they ensured that the workers would work in their mines with the price they established. After this Africans where subjected to numerous unfair laws that were enforced to keep workers cheap and workable. This did not last long because soon after the war occurred in from 1899 to 1902. This war fought between the British and the Boers. The British knew it could not win the war, so they negotiated a political settlement and put the white community in charge of South Africa.In 1909 the South Africa Act was written. This act brought together the four separate British colonies. The country became a self-governing nation state within the British Empire. Which was not in favor of the Africans. The White electorates represented the entire population but only counted for but their black citizens election was Nelson Mandela. The country of South African has a population of 55.91 million people with 79.2 percent being African. South Africa has a sex ratio of 95 males per 100 females. Which means that there are more females than males. The birth rate is 19.61 births per 1000 people, and the death rate is 16.99 deaths per 1000 people. The per capita income is 12,860 Rand, which is equal to 942 Dollars. The traditional beliefs of most in the South African society is that women were not deserving of power. For example, Wives walk a few paces behind their husband to keep traditional practices.