Louis Comfort Tiffany, a nineteenth-century artist, who was one of American’s most foremost designer. He was best known for his work in stained glass. As the son of Tiffany & Company’s founder, he was never fully comfortable with his role. Tiffany combined the family business and his hobby together, his ambitions made him wants to make his family business the best. Under the stewardship of him, Tiffany studios, became a consortium of industrial designers producing a clearly defined and highly personalized range of household goods marketed aggressively through press releases, advertisement, sales brochures, and domestic, international explosions (Duncan,1992). He designed a series of products, such as stained glass windows, lamps, glass mosaics, ceramic, and jewelries are very popular, also widely used in architecture and interior spaces since late 19th century to nowadays. This paper is dedicated to Louis Comfort Tiffany and mainly focus on the life of Louis Comfort Tiffany along with his artistic career. In the following content, I will illustrate about how the historical background affects Tiffany’s design; where his designs were used; what deep meanings that his work contained; and some details of designing process.
Rich in drama, color, and complexity, the years of Louis Comfort Tiffany’s life perhaps best characterized by change (Johnson, 2005). Tiffany was born on February18th, 1848, the middle year of the nineteenth century which described by noted historian Jacob Burckhardt as “the Age of Revolution”. At that time, the industry, economic, urban landscape, and agriculture were under enormous change. These revolutionary changes that challenged and transformed almost every aspect of human life. Although Tiffany’s family had left him great property, he still declined the security of a university education and employment in the family firm for an independent career in the arts (Duncan 1992). This behavior also became a basis for him as an industrial designer in the future. In fact, the issue of how to balance his two roles, that of artist and that of industrial designer, this dilemma confused him over fifty years. Tiffany starts his early career as a painter, he was influenced by several artists such as George Inness and Samuel Colman (Obniski, 2007). Inness was the one inspired Tiffany the most, his painting always can evoke the viewer an emotional response. In 1866, after Tiffany finished his first trip to Europe, he announced to his family that he prefers to study art, rather than attend college. This intention against his father’s wish. By the late 19th century, Tiffany gradually turned his attention to industrial design, starts with decorative art and the interiors. There were several impacts made him changes his attention. The First impact upon the life of Tiffany was economic. Due to the industrial revolution, the economy in late 19th century’s European reached its peak, especially during the Victorian Era. The precarious position of European caused Tiffany family firm to sell their jewels. This reaction helped Tiffany family transform the firm into Tiffany & Co (Johnson, 2005). The Second impact was mechanization, which had begun in European in the late 18th century, by the middle age of 19th century taking command in the United States as well. The rise of industrial on the