Katherine Johnson is an African-American mathematician who

Katherine Johnson is an African-American mathematician who worked for the United States space programs and is widely known for calculating the trajectories for many NASA missions. Katherine Johnson was born on August 26, 1918 raised in, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. When Johnson was a child she showed talent for math at a young age. But the neighborhood she lived in did not offer public schooling for African-Americans past the eighth grade. When she was fourteen years old she had finished high school and enrolled into West Virginia State College. When Johnson was in college she took every math course the college offered. She graduated summa cum laude in 1937, with degrees in Mathematics and French, at the age of 18. After she had graduated she took a teaching job at a public black school in Marion, Virginia. Later in Johnson’s career she decided that she wanted to be a research mathematician, even with the odds against here being that she was African-American woman, trying to enter a male dominated field. It was not until 1952, that Johnson had found out that (NACA) which would later be superseded by NASA was hiring mathematicians. She was offered a job in 1953 and became an early part of the NASA team.     At first she worked in a pool of women performing math calculations. Their main job was to read the data and carry out other precise mathematical tasks. Then one day, she was assigned temporarily to help and all male fight research team. Her knowledge for analytic geometry(is the study of geometry using a coordinate system), immediately set her apart, helping her make allies with the male bosses, “they forgot to return me to the pool”, were Johnson’s words.     Later in her career in 1962, NASA be preparing for the orbital mission. Where they sent a man(John Glenn) to orbit Earth and observe his reactions and get him to return home safely. The mission was very complex because in order to be successful it required the construction of worldwide communication network. Glenn’s flight was successful and was the turning point where the United States would be set apart from the Soviet Union, exceeding them. Her calculations for this mission would make her most notable and one of her greatest works thus far.     Johnson also worked on many more projects like Apollo 11 in 1969, the flight to the moon, Space Shuttle Program and plans on missions to mars. She also worked directly with the digital computers and her accuracy helped her established a strong footing in her field of work.     Johnson has had a huge impact on the United States space programs and her work has been noticed and honored and she has received many awards for her contributions. President Barack Obama gave Johnson the Presidential Medal of Freedom, she was acclaimed to be a “pioneering example of African-American women in STEM.” NASA even named a building research building after her in her honor called the “Katherine G. Johnson Computational Research Facility.”Katherine G. Johnson has not only had a tremendous impact on the space programs, but she has paved the way for all African-Americans in STEM. She has shown through hard work and dedication anything is possible no matter the odds.