Issues and rule of law has significantly strengthened

Issues motivated to choose this study   Germany and India maintain a strategic allies. This includes regular meetings of both Heads ofGovernment as well as annual meets of the Foreign Ministers. It also supports their mutual interest to magnifying the economic and technological sector, as well as for Science and Culture. In addition to the adopted agenda, a join statement was agreed upon in 2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic allies relation and magnifying the relations between the two states. The first Consultation was held in New Delhi in May 2011. The two countries discussed several bilateral and global issues of interest. The Second Round of Consultationwas held in Berlin and 10 MoUs were signed on the sidelines of Second cunsultation. India is one of the first countries outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such a close  bilateral partnership.     Origin and Nature   The cooperation between India andGermany includes political action and growing economic exchange and cultural events etc. The relationship, based on common values of democracy and rule of law has significantly strengthened in the 1990s after India’s economic liberalization and the end of cold War.   The history of Indo-German politics started in the late nineteenth century, when the Imperial German Consulate started operating from Kolkata. India acknowledged and accepted the Federal Republic of Germany after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The diplomatic recognition of Germany by the Indian government made a positive impact and lead to a long lasting and continuous relationship for over 60 years up to the present day. In 1951,India and Germany decided to establish economic relationships to gear up their partnership. Thus, the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru made his first visit to Germany post war and its first Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in the same year. Also, Germany established its Consulate General in Mumbai in 1951, and established  an Embassy in New Delhi.   India Germany Strategic Relations: In May 2000 both  Germany and India adopted the Agenda for the Indo-German Partnership in the 21st Century. This included regular meetings of both Heads of Government and the Foreign Ministers. It helped to support their mutual interest and also helped to expand the economic and technological sector along with Science and Culture sector. Also in the agenda, a joint statement was agreed upon in 2006, highlighting the importance of the strategic allies relation and expanding the relations between the two countries. The first Consultation between the two states was held in New Delhi in May 2011 where India and Germany discussed many global issues and Four important MoUs were signed. Chancellor Merkel was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding for the year 2009. The Second Round of Consultations was held in Berlin on 2013 and 10 MoUs in the field of vocational education and training, railways and renewable energy were signed. Besides India is one of the first countries outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such a close partnership.   Importance of India-Germany relations : India has large workforce waiting to be employed in labourmarket, but India lacks skilled manpower and opportunities after skilling, while Germany’s population is ageing and it needs workforce to keep its economy going and also can provide skill training in India. Germany and India have more than $20 billion of allied trade and Germany is the seventh-largest investor in India. Germany can play a very important role for make in India, railway modernization, renewable energy,etc. Germany’s engineering competencies and India’s strengths in information technology creates significant synergies for collaboration in innovation. Germany and India agreed to explore new collaborations under the Digital India initiative. Both sides aim at building business through innovation in the area of Industry. Germany and India will strengthen their ties in facilitating research and technologies in Indian heavy industries. As strategic partners both countries have worked closely in matters related to trade, investment, energy, development cooperation UNSC expansion etc.                             Literature Review   1.Into murky waters: Globalisation and deregulation in Germany’s shipping employee relations.   Abstract: While Germany’s employment relations are usually seen as a high valueadded trust relationship built around the publicized “new production concepts”.Using a detailed case study of the shipping industry, theauthors show how the implementation of the International Ship Register during the late 1980s and 1990s challenged Germany’s traditional system of employment relations and regulatory framework. The authors conclude that evidence from the shipping industry illustrates a strong departure from Germany’s long?established employment relations, where deregulation of shipping and labour law has led to the adoption of a “low road” approach.   2.Competitive advantage of German renewable energy firms in India: An empirical study based on Porter’s diamond.   Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the competitive advantage of German renewable energy firms in India. Based on Porter’s diamond model of competitiveness, the authors examine the demand for renewable energies in India and the ability ofGerman firms to meet this demand. The paper provides a detailed analysis of the factors on which the competitive advantage of German renewable energy technologies in India is based. This helps managers of renewable energy firms to focus on those areas where they have particular strengths and to introduce measures to overcome potential weaknesses.   3. Indo-German Relations: Prospect of Closer Cooperation in Turbulent Times Event as part of India Week Hamburg 2017   Abstract: India and Germany are expected to share great responsibility in global affairs. Each country plays a vital role within its world region and has become increasingly visible in global politics. India’s democratic politics, growing economy, and longing ambition to become a world player make it a potential key partner in global standing. Germany and India have a “strategic allies,” regular governmental meets and a collective bid for a permanent seat in the United Nations. The panel discussion looked into the recent dynamics of Indo-German cooperation as well as its future prospects. The panelists addressed factors standing in the way of closer bilateral relations and shed light on the global power shifts that may bring the two countries closer together down the road.             4. India and Germany: Global Partnership in 21st century.     Abstract: Cultural exchanges contribued substantially to mutual understanding between India and Germany for long period. Historically, cultural relations have been century’s old between the two nations, and it becomes a firm part of the two country’s foreign policy. The development of cultural and scientific connections helped considerably to deepening of relations between India and Germany (Mishra 1986: 62). The cultural relations have also developed rapidly since the establishment of diplomatic relations. Both sides are cooperating closely in the field of education, science, technology, drama, theatres, music and the medicine. The cultural agreement signed on 15th January 1973, which had laid the basic framework for cooperation in the field. Indo-German cultural exchange is based on a cultural agreement that come into force in September 1969.   5. India and Germany: Global Partnership in 21st century   Citation: Rothermund, Diether, “Sixty years of Indo-German diplomatic relations,” http://www.figs-india.org/Lectures/Other%20Lecture/2%20- %20otherlec.pdf   Abstract: The political relation between India and Germany goes back to the late nineteenth century. Nehru meeting with West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer on October 10, 1960, also India was the first nation to end the state of war with Germany in 1951 and grant the Federal Republic of Germany diplomatic recognition. Astrategic partner since 2000, there has been significant progress in all areas of bilateral cooperation through regular high-level talks andmeetings at the head of the Government. Interestingly, Germany expressed her viewed to disapprove “Operation Shakti” (Pokhran-II) nuclear test, 6 yet, supported India’s waiver from the Nuclear Supply Group (NSG) to trade nuclear materials and energy.7 Today, both countries can be strong partners to tackle the challenges of international concern including order and UN Security Council and other multilateral institutions reforms that reflect the realities of 21st century and power equations, climate change, international terrorism, establishment of stable and sustainable global economic. Thus, how Germany’s view India and how India’s view Germany in 21st century? To be sure, the situation today is very different from Adenauer’s and Nehru’s eras. Still the relationship between New Delhi and Berlin needs a sense of purpose and momentum, if not it will flounder in the near future.                               Current situation   Bilateral relations between India and Germany are founded on common democratic principles and are marked by a high degree of trust and mutual respect. India was among the first countries to establish diplomatic ties with the Federal Republic of Germany after the Second World War. Relations grew significantly following the end of the Cold War and the reunification of Germany. In the last decade, both economic and political interaction between India and Germany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s most important partners both bilaterally and in the global context.   In the last decade, both economic and political interaction between India and Germany has enhanced. Today, Germany is among India’s most important partners both bilaterally and in the global context. India and Germany have a ‘Strategic Partnership’ since 2000, which has been further strengthened with the Intergovernmental Consultations (I.G.C) between the two Governments which allows for a comprehensive review of cooperation and a platform to identify fresh areas of engagement. India is among a select group of countries with whom Germany has such a dialogue mechanism. The 3rd I.G.C was held in New Delhi on October 5, 2015.     Lessons Learned   Germany has always found India as powerful, prepared and a capable partner signalling the start of a new chapter of Indo-German relationship.Partnership will help both countries and at the same time would be useful in the global context.” India and Germany has both regional and global perspectives in their relationship. Both countries discussed new and upcoming opportunities and challenges in Asia, Europe and the world. This discussion is important as the ongoing flux in international politics has provided both Germany and India a unique opportunity to become permanent allies. German partnership is very important for making Skill India Mission successful. It is believed that if 800 million youth get skill as per the global standards, then the youth power of India can contribute to India’s development. Germany has set global parameters in skill development which are very apt for India. Germany is known across the world for its innovation capability as well as its democratic credentials.Innovation has also become one of the top priorities for India and both countries can mutually assist in this regard.                           Future Recommendations   Germany and India share the view that new initiatives in the area of trade, bilateral investment, energy, energysecurity, the environment, culture, education, training, research, technology and defence can catalyse and activate the great potential of their bilateral ties,” said a joint statement released at the end of the Indo-German intergovernmental consultations held in Berlin. Germanyand India are determined to further expand their cooperation in higher education, research and technology — dynamic core areas of the Indo-German Partnership — and to open up new and innovative areas of cooperation, the statement said. The statement titled ‘Shaping the future together’ noted that close trade and investment relations are a core dimension of bilateral partnership and of great importance for the development of both the Indian and the German economy. undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined  undefined  undefined undefined  undefined undefined