IoT to implement the internet of things technology

IoT
and Smart cities have attracted attention from academia and industry for
decades 5.

 

“A
smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses ICTs and other means to
improve quality of life, efficiency of urban operation and services and
competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future
generations with respect to economic, social and environmental aspects 6.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

Smart
cities demand requires careful planning in every stage, with support of
agreement from governments, citizens to implement the internet of things
technology in every aspect 1. With the help of IoT the IoT, cities can be
improved in many levels, by improving infrastructure, enhancing public transportation
reducing traffic congestion, and keeping citizens safe, healthy and more
engaged in the community 2.

 

Smart
infrastructure provides the foundation for all of the key themes related to a
smart city, including smart people, smart mobility, smart economy, smart living
which consist of

1.      
Smart
water supply

2.      
Smart
waste management

3.      
Smart
health

4.      
Smart
energy,

5.      
smart
governance

6.      
smart
environment.

7.      
Smart
transport

The
core characteristic that underlies most of these components is that they are
connected and that they generate data, which may be used intelligently to
ensure the optimal use of resources and improve performance 7. various kinds of devices listed
below collectively form what is called ‘IoT’ that are critical in shaping future
smart cities: Sensors
that monitor the condition of utilities such as electricity, water supply, load
on surface transport and capture real time data; Gateways that aggregate
real-time data from these sensors, perform local analytics and based on the
result, take localised action to prevent possible faults from further
propagating into the networks 7 14. Communication infrastructure to
connect these gateways to server cloud for transmitting data on condition of
local area 10.
Server farms in a cloud based architecture that warehouses the data; perform
real-time mining of such data to provide useful information to various
stakeholders through various channels such as mobile devices 5 9-10.

These devices facilitate optimisation
of service availability in the local area while confirming to the regional and
macro level constraints. This provides flexibility to local community in terms
of prioritising the usage of scarce resources 7 14.

The second important element is the
design architecture of the different ICT components of smart city projects
9-10 14. Though currently only a few firms dominate the ICT platform for
smart cities, it is required to build platforms with open gateways, application
program interfaces, and open data sets so that expertise of numerous Indian IT
firms (both small and large) and the huge developer communities can be tapped
for building innovative applications and services.

The sensors, communication devices,
and the transmission infrastructure provide huge opportunity for local
electronics manufacturing which has been identified as a focus area by the
government. The data so collected if made open, provide ammunition for big data
and analytics start-ups in the country 14.

Third is measurement of smartness of
cities. The GSM Association—the industry body of mobile operators, launched the
smart cities index that consists of a set of market, social and economic
indicators that track the performance of smart cities initiatives. The
ICT/mobile indicators are a subset of a broader range of smart cities
indicators. Their use will allow the cities to quantify the impact of
ICT/mobile on the city’s operations, its local economy and its citizens 7
14. Some leading smart city projects include IBM’s Smart Planet and
Smart Cities, the Smart Dubai and Smart Amsterdam initiatives and Oracle
government, as examples 5.References:

1
Zeinab Kamal Aldein Mohammeda, Elmustafa Sayed Ali Ahmedb, “Internet of Things
Applications, Challenges and Related Future Technologies”, EISSN 2392-2192 WSN
67(2) (2017) 126-148

2
Panagiotis Vlacheas, Raffaele Giaffreda, Vera Stavroulaki, Dimitris Kelaidonis,
Vassilis Foteinos, George Poulios, and Panagiotis Demestichas, Andrey Somov,
and Abdur Rahim Biswas, “Enabling Smart Cities through a Cognitive Management
Framework for the Internet of Things”, IEEE Communications Magazine June 2013, pp 102-111.

3
John A. Stankovic,” Research Direction for Internet of Things”, IEEE internet
of things journal, vol. 1, no. 1, February 2014

4
Shulong Wang, Yibin Hou, Fang Gao and Xinrong Ji, “A Novel IoT Access
Architecture for Vehical Monitoring System”, IEEE978-1-4130-5/2016.

5
Xiaohu Fan, Qubo Xie, Xuebin Li, Hao Huang, Jian Wang, Si Chen, Changsheng Xie,
Jiajing Chen, Xiaohu Fan, Hao Huang,” Activity Recognition as a Service for
Smart Home Ambient Assisted Living Application via Sensing Home”, 2017 IEEE
International Conference on AI & Mobile Services (AIMS), pp54-61

6
Xian-Jun Yi, Min Zhou, Jian Liu,” Design of Smart Home Control System by
Internet of Things based on ZigBee”, 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial
Electronics and Applications (ICIEA), pp128-133

7
United Nations Economic and Social Council Commission on Science and Technology
for Development Nineteenth session Geneva, 9–13 May 2016

8
Nikesh Gondchawar, Prof. Dr. R. S. Kawitkar,” Smart Agriculture Using IoT and
WSN Based Modern Technologies”, International Journal of Innovative Research in
Computer and Communication Engineering, Vol. 4, Issue 6, June 2016

9Dr.N.Suma,SandraRhea
Samson,S.Saranya,G.Shanmugapriya,R.Subhashri, “IOT Based Smart Agriculture
Monitoring System”, International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in
Computing and Communication                           Volume: 5 Issue: 2 pp 177 – 181

10
Mashreen Nesa and Indrajit Banarjee,” IoT based Data fusion for occupancy
sensing using Dempsrer-shafer Evidence Theory for smart Buildings”, IEEE
Internet of things Journal 2009

11
S.M. Riazul Islam (Member of IEEE), Daehan kwak, MD. Humaun Kabir, Mahmud
Hossain and kyung-sup Kwak (Member of IEEE),” The Internet of Things for Health
care: Comprehensive Survey”, IEEE Access, volume 3 2015 pp 678-707

12
Vivek pardeshi, Saurabh Sagar, Swapnil Murmurwar, Pankaj Hange,” Health
Monitoring Systems using IoT and Raspberry Pi- A review, International
Conference on Innovative Mechanism for industry application (ICMIA 2017).

13
Mamidi Manisha, Katakam Neeraja, Vemuri Sindhura, and Paruchuri Ramya, ” IoT on
Heart attack detection and heart rate monitoring”, International Journal of
Innovation in Engineering and technology (IJIET), Volume 7 Issue 2 August 2016

14http://computer.expressbpd.com/columns/icts-and-smart-cities/2434/