IoT on surface transport and capture real

and Smart cities have attracted attention from academia and industry for
decades 5.


smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses ICTs and other means to
improve quality of life, efficiency of urban operation and services and
competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future
generations with respect to economic, social and environmental aspects 6.

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cities demand requires careful planning in every stage, with support of
agreement from governments, citizens to implement the internet of things
technology in every aspect 1. With the help of IoT the IoT, cities can be
improved in many levels, by improving infrastructure, enhancing public transportation
reducing traffic congestion, and keeping citizens safe, healthy and more
engaged in the community 2.


infrastructure provides the foundation for all of the key themes related to a
smart city, including smart people, smart mobility, smart economy, smart living
which consist of

water supply

waste management






core characteristic that underlies most of these components is that they are
connected and that they generate data, which may be used intelligently to
ensure the optimal use of resources and improve performance 7. various kinds of devices listed
below collectively form what is called ‘IoT’ that are critical in shaping future
smart cities: Sensors
that monitor the condition of utilities such as electricity, water supply, load
on surface transport and capture real time data; Gateways that aggregate
real-time data from these sensors, perform local analytics and based on the
result, take localised action to prevent possible faults from further
propagating into the networks 7 14. Communication infrastructure to
connect these gateways to server cloud for transmitting data on condition of
local area 10.
Server farms in a cloud based architecture that warehouses the data; perform
real-time mining of such data to provide useful information to various
stakeholders through various channels such as mobile devices 5 9-10.

These devices facilitate optimisation
of service availability in the local area while confirming to the regional and
macro level constraints. This provides flexibility to local community in terms
of prioritising the usage of scarce resources 7 14.

The second important element is the
design architecture of the different ICT components of smart city projects
9-10 14. Though currently only a few firms dominate the ICT platform for
smart cities, it is required to build platforms with open gateways, application
program interfaces, and open data sets so that expertise of numerous Indian IT
firms (both small and large) and the huge developer communities can be tapped
for building innovative applications and services.

The sensors, communication devices,
and the transmission infrastructure provide huge opportunity for local
electronics manufacturing which has been identified as a focus area by the
government. The data so collected if made open, provide ammunition for big data
and analytics start-ups in the country 14.

Third is measurement of smartness of
cities. The GSM Association—the industry body of mobile operators, launched the
smart cities index that consists of a set of market, social and economic
indicators that track the performance of smart cities initiatives. The
ICT/mobile indicators are a subset of a broader range of smart cities
indicators. Their use will allow the cities to quantify the impact of
ICT/mobile on the city’s operations, its local economy and its citizens 7
14. Some leading smart city projects include IBM’s Smart Planet and
Smart Cities, the Smart Dubai and Smart Amsterdam initiatives and Oracle
government, as examples 5.References:

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