Insomnia is defined as difficulty in falling asleep

Insomnia is defined as difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep, despite having an
adequate opportunity to sleep.  People
with insomnia can feel dissatisfied with their sleep and usually experience one
or more of the following symptoms: fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating,
mood disturbances, and decreased performance in work or at school.


    According to The National Institutes of
Health, USA roughly 30percent of the general population complains of sleep
disruption, and approximately 10 percent have associated symptoms of daytime
functional impairment consistent with the diagnosis of

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       In a 2005 National Sleep Foundation
(NSF) Poll, more than half of people reported at least one symptom of insomnia
(difficulty falling asleep, waking up a lot during the night, waking up too
early and not being able to get back to sleep, or waking up feeling
un-refreshed) at least a few nights per week within the past year. Thirty-three
percent said they had at least one of these symptoms every night or almost
every night in the past year. The two most common symptoms, experienced at
least a few nights a week in the past year, included waking up feeling un refreshed
and waking up a lot during the night. A 2002 NSF Poll found that 63 percent of
women (versus 54 percent of men) experienced symptoms of insomnia at least a
few nights per week.


         Other polls have found interesting
trends associated with insomnia. For example, 68 percent of adults ages 18 to
29 report experiencing symptoms of insomnia, compared with 59 percent of adults
ages 30 to 64, and only 44 percent of people over the age of 65. Not
surprisingly, parents report more insomnia symptoms than adults without
children in the household (66 vs. 54 percent)


Source: National Sleep
Foundation. (2005). Sleep in America



National Sleep foundation (NFS), USA shows that although some medicinal drugs
are usually prescribed to insomnia victims, to cure the disease, it is found
that they cause certain side effects such as burning
or tingling in the hands, arms, feet, or legs, Changes in appetite,
Constipation, Diarrhea, difficulty keeping balance, dizziness, Daytime
drowsiness, dry mouth or throat etc. However some behavioral treatments are
also recommended and reported to be effective. But due to the long duration of
such treatments, people do not show a great tendency toward them.


1.2 Introduction to

  Considering all these matters this research
focuses on investigating a textile remedy for insomnia, which is inspired by,
Herbal textile technology, referred to as Ayurvastra, in Ayurveda science.

    Ayurvastra has been prescribed in Ayurveda
health care system, which is predating more than 5500 years, in order to cure
broad range of diseases such as diabetes, skin infections, psoriasis, eczema,
hypertension, asthma, arthritis, high blood pressure, rheumatism, cardiac
problems and even some forms of cancer. And it is believed to help restore balance
within the body’s systems and strengthen the immune system. Ayurvastra is an
ancient technique prevalent before textile industrialization to dye clothes
with herbal dyes, which then acts as a barrier to the attack of various
microorganisms while soothing and gentling on the human skin.

     Herbal textile is produced dyeing with the
extractions, obtained from various natural herbs, such as turmeric, indigo,
neem, tulsi, sandalwood, aloe Vera etc., which possess medicinal values and
healing properties. It is free from all synthetic chemical substances as the
fabric manufacturing process, from weaving to finishing is precisely controlled
and is not cooperated with any chemical additive at any stage. Therefore herbal
textile technology presents number of benefits in the aspect of Well-being and
healthiness of human beings. It also supplies a solution for the sustainable
development of textile industry.

   The research will be executed based on this
technique, using particular natural herbs and 100% organic cotton fabrics. And
its effectiveness of curing insomnia will also be investigated by a critical


1.3 Background


necessity of this research was caused by one of my personnel experiences with a
chronically affected insomniac who worked with me in the same workplace. It was
noticeable that her sleep disorders were linked with increased depression that
resulted reduced health-related quality of life and decreased job performance.
Searching further on this matter made me realize that the cumulative long-term
effects of sleep loss and sleep disorders is associated with a wide range of
deleterious health consequences including increased risk of hypertension,
diabetes, obesity, depression, heart attack, and stroke as well.  


four meta-analytic reviews support the efficacy of pharmacotherapy and behavior
therapy for the treatment of insomnia, no meta-analysis has evaluated whether
these treatment modalities yield comparable outcomes during acute treatment.
Smith et al. (2012) conducted a quantitative review of the literature on the
outcome of the two treatments to compare the short-term efficacy of
pharmacotherapy and behavioral therapy in primary insomnia and came to a
conclusion that overall, behavior therapy and pharmacotherapy produce similar
short-term treatment outcomes in insomnia which implies that the gap between
the disease and the cure is to be still bridged. Therefore, this study aims to
provide a textile medication using herbal couture technology to bridge this gap
on long-term basis.