In relay a certain message(s). Among the techniques

In the event of
writing a literary piece, an author employs various techniques in the
development of stories, in a bid to relay a certain message(s). Among the
techniques authors employ during story development of literary pieces is the
use of literary devices such as themes, characterization, setting, plot as well
as symbolism. Literary pieces such as books and novels contain different
stories or messages depending on the author’s point of view, experience or
interest. Books are designed to tell stories, share experiences, as well as
impart certain knowledge that interests an author. Valenze Deborah is among the
authors who relay their points of view on certain contemporary issues, which
she develops around various literary devices. In her book, “The First
Industrial Woman,” Valenze Deborah argues in favor of the significance and
need to study women, as well as the role they played towards industrial
revolution. Therefore,  this paper aims at demonstrating the writer’s
thoughts on Deborah’s book, “The First Industrial Woman,” thus
conducting a book review on, thus its review.

According to
Valenze, women did indeed play a significant role during the industrial
revolution despite the lack of appreciation or acknowledgement over the years.
Through the book, the author demonstrates the problem of European history in as
far as the contribution of women during the industrial revolution, whereby she
makes a correlation between then and the gender role differences that occur in
the present times(Valenze, 1995). Correlation is among the techniques employed
by authors in a bit to intrigue readers as well as capture their attention
since it provides readers with a sense of what the past was like. Therefore, by
using this technique, Valenze, is able to capture the reader’s attention and create
interest in the reader to find out more about what the author has to say, thus
one of the book’s driving factors.

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The book does
not necessarily target a specific audience, as history is a rather wide topic,
which can be read by any interested party who would like to learn their
history. However, in the book “The First Industrial Woman,” the
author mostly targets audiences who would like to learn of the industrial
revolution with specific regards to the role women played during the period.
Valenze, as opposed to using the typically employed approach, argues her point
of view and message to her readers, where she does not regard the notion of industrialization
being described on the basis of technology. Instead, she employs not only
logos, but pathos as well in her attempt to relay her argument, thus capturing
her audience’s attention by appealing to both their reasoning and emotions. Most
authors employ the use of either or all the artistic proofs in a bid to capture
and maintain their readers’ attention by appealing to their sense of reasoning
as well as emotions. By using pathos and logos, the author is able to persuade her
readers of the underlying assumptions concerning the influence of gender on work,
which resulted in England’s transformation. Similarly, she also tries to
persuade her readers to reevaluate how economic progress is currently viewed
through employment of the persuasive artistic proofs, pathos and logos.    

The choice of
approach gives the concept of industrialization a new angle other than the
usual light with which it is presented. The author gives an account of how
England underwent change and growth from an agricultural practicing nation,
which comprised of active female contribution through labor that was
acknowledged, to an industrial power that was based on the notion that it was
achieved because of male productivity (Valenze, 1995). The author uses certain
avenues such as agriculture, cottage industries and spinning to demonstrate how
the values of productivity and rationality rose, resulting in the subordination
of working class women, as well as strengthening an emerging culture of
individualism (Valenze, 1995). The author also analyses the works of other
authors such as Thomas Malthus and Hannah More, since their works reinforce her
idea of the early nineteenth century’s tendencies. This is among the techniques
employed by author to increase their credibility as readers will appreciate the
effort an author makes to cross reference the works of other authors. Similarly,
it also broadens the reader’s knowledge without necessarily having to read the
entire works of featured authors since it provides a gist of what the other authors
try to relay. Valenze’s work eventually demonstrates the birth of a new order concerning
the economy that is attributed to social and gender-based hierarchies, which
compose today’s contemporary lives. This form of technique where the author
uses allegory to connect the present to the past is also another great way in
which Valenze captures and maintains her readers’ attention.  

In the first
chapter, the author clearly indicates her point of argument as the contribution
of women as being vital in industrialization, thus economic progress. She notes
the contrast with which the participation of women in the 18th and 19th century
is represented. This introduces a situation in which the readers critically thinks
about the two scenarios, raising questions, which is appreciated by readers who
seek logical as well as emotional understanding.  “Why were female workers praised for their
industriousness in the eighteenth century, but a century later, damned or
pitied?” asks the author (Valenze, 1995). Using questions is also another great
technique employed by Valenze in abid to create an instance in which there is a
form of “dialogue” between author and reader, which creates a certain type of
relationship between the two.  A shift is
seen, where in the early 19th century attributes in which the efforts of women
are not recognized towards industrialization thus economic progress. In the
18th century, the industriousness of women was recognized, and their
contribution to the country’s wealth acknowledged (Valenze, 1995). The author
uses analogy as a technique to appeal to the logic of the audiences since it
shows a clear picture of the change that occurred between the 18th and 19th
century concerning the acknowledgment of women’s contribution towards national

The early 19th
century was characterized by tendencies of portraying the working girl as a
failure. For instance, the author depicts the manner in which the factory girl
was deemed, which is consistent with the use of coarse language, spending money
on trifling as well as moral laxity. The author describes the new age as
depicting the women as casualties as opposed to contributors towards the
achievement of industrialization. There was no mention of the efforts a woman
put towards the creation of national wealth. According to the author, many
women worked in areas that were not that visible, but they did contribute
towards raising national wealth. Despite their contribution, they are only
discussed in parliamentary inquiries, which only sought to limit their activity
in the society (Valenze, 1995).

The author,
using statistical data, which appeals to the logic of her audience since it
presents factual and credible work, shows the impact industrialization has had
on the participation in of women in the workforce. The author mentions that
theorists of economic development have established that industrialization
negatively impacted women’s involvement in the workforce resulting in a U-shaped
curve. The U-shaped curve shows that before industrialization their
contribution was high, dropped and later increased due to more jobs created
after development (Valenze, 1995). According to historians, women in Britain
experienced the negative impacts of industrialization. Valenze mentions the
fact that economic surveys barely reflected the contribution from the
‘invisible’ trades conducted by women, especially in the domestic sector. The author
depicts the 19th century as an era where opportunities for working women were
limited due to the structured growth of the economy. Women’s opportunities were
also limited because they were being excluded from industrial jobs due to the
promotion of domestic roles within which the efforts of women were being
confined to. Statistical evidence depicted the continued efforts to curtail and
prevent women from contributing towards national income generation among
working class individuals.

In the present day,
women experience challenges in the workforce that can be attributed to industrialization
and the efforts that had been put towards promoting domestication of their
activities in the early 19th century. The 18th century marks a transition in
the history of how the workforce has transformed about the fact that during the
era, ideas for productivity the processes themselves underwent a certain
transformation. These transformations saw changes in the manner in which the
two genders were absorbed into the workforce in the early 19th century, which
gave rise to gender and class in the course of industrial development. The
transition was characterized by the revolution of the social organization that
was previously there in the 18th century resulting in limited opportunities or
working women in the workforce (Valenze, 1995).

Conclusively, the
author elaborately reassesses the picture painted on industrialization through
the provision of factual work, which is backed by evidence as well as the
insight from other authors. The knowledge in this book complements the concepts
learned in class by introducing a new angle regarding the achievement of industrialization
by including the fact that women highly contributed to it. I would recommend
the book to other people interested in learning the history of industrial
development to get to learn the aspects that had been so long overlooked such
as the contribution of women towards its development. Throughout the book, one
will be able to establish and understand how the workforce in England operates
now because of the transition from the eighteenth century to the nineteenth
century. The author paints a new picture of the manner in which
industrialization is depicted giving the concept a new angle, which better
appeals to readers especially those who support efforts of women towards
national and economic growth.