In 1833, Boston merchants
became millionaires by selling Opium illegally in China.
In 1874, Opium production
increased along Southeast Asia. English researcher, C.R. Wright produced Heroin
by boiling Morphine over a stove.
In 1890, Congress imposed a tax
on opium and morphine.
In the early 1900s Cocaine
changed from a consumer fad to a huge epidemic.
In 1920, Cocaine use was
spreading in the Hollywood in the 1920s.
correlation from cocaine to
prostitution and violent crime.
In the 1960s and 1970s, Heroin
use increased. Heroin was introduced by Vietnam war soldiers, who were exposed
to it when they were fighting overseas.
In 1971, President Richard
Nixon’s war on drugs declaration started a long period of attacking the problem
with law enforcement and tougher sentences for users and dealers.
By the 1980s people started to
use Cocaine in not just powder form but crack too.
By 1995, an epidemic started
off with the drug Oxycontin; this was supposed to be a safer drug. This drug
was used to treat chronic pain over a long period of time but patients found
themselves attached to the drug. Drug abusers also realized they could crush
the tablets, snort or inject them into their blood.
In 2014, 47,055 drug overdose
deaths in the United States occurred.
In 2017, there has been a 137%
increase of overdose deaths in the United States since 2000.
According to an article on
avert.org that was published on April 27, 2017, people that inject drugs are 28
times more likely to get AIDS than someone who doesn’t.
In 1872, Dr. Fitch Edward
Oliver distributed a questionnaire to physicians and druggists all throughout
Massachusetts. He put all the results in an essay called “The Abuse and Use of
Opium” published in 1872.
In 1878, In San Francisco,
smoking opium in the city limits is banned and is restricted to neighboring
Chinatowns and Opium dens. Britain passed the Opium act hoping it would reduce
how much Opium is consumed. After the Opium act was passed, selling opium
restricted to registered Chinese opium smokers.
In 1900, when Cocaine and
Heroin were legal and popular, 250,000 americans were dealing with a drug
addiction. There were 1 and 300 people with a drug addiction and now 1 in 133
people have a drug addiction.
1914, Congress passed the Harrison Act. The Harrison Act stated that cocaine
and heroin could only be sold as a prescription medicine, not an over the
In the 1930s, Amphetamines
developed and in the 1950s, they became very popular. Amphetamines were
marketed by drug companies and doctors. Their uses were weight loss, anxiety
In 1970 and 1971, In New York
City, many young people died of Heroin related incidents more than anything
else. Most of the people who died were black or Puerto Rican.
In the late 1970s, Heroin use faded but Cocaine use increased in
By the 1990s, the crack epidemic starts to die out. More
people were arrested and murdered; people became scared of crack because of
everything that was happening.
In 2007, a two year public
health program was established to fight painkiller misusers.
In 2016, over 64,000 americans
died of an overdose.
Drug use is being very
sensationalized through music. Lil pump is a big artist that glorifies drug use
like in his songs, he says things like “I smoke that dope.” and “I’m on Xan and
my b**** on coke.”