In from the sexual act” (Orwell 83).

In George Orwell’s 1984, Orwell suggests that in order to be human we must have unique human traits. Through the novels the stripping of power, the novel leads the reader to believe that in order to effectively control a population, the population must be dehumanised. The parties dehumanization is incredibly effective. In this dehumanization, the stripping of one’s self exploration/expression, the confiscation of a person’s ability to think freely, and the stripping of a person’s biological autonomy aspects must be addressed before anything.In 1984, the government attacks its citizens biological autonomy which is effective in dehumanizing the population. Sex is so closely attached to human nature that when it is taken away, will dehumanize a population. Sex in the novel is forbidden by pleasure and should only happen for reproduction purposes. Winston even details there is an “anti-Sex League, which advocated complete celibacy for both sexes” (Orwell 84). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a psychological theory proposed by Abraham Maslow that argues that “while people aim to meet basic needs, they seek to meet successively higher needs in the form of a pyramid” (MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS). In Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs, Sex is the only thing that appears twice in the pyramid. First, in safety measures, and second, in love and belonging (MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS”). Orwell chooses to have something so close to human nature like sex forbidden for pleasure in his novel 1984 because without it will dehumanize a population. It can also be noted that having The Party’s purpose was not to remove sex prevent sex entirely, however “It’s real, undeclared purpose was to remove all pleasure from the sexual act” (Orwell 83). A sextual drive will take away from attention from the party. This is explored in the novel when it becomes known Julia is involved in a “sub-section of the Fiction Department which turned out cheap pornography for distribution among the proles” (Orwell 164). The government distributes pornography to the proles to deter them from having real world sextual drives. After Winston and Julia do what they call their political act, Winston describes it as something “that would tear the party to pieces” (158 Orwell). While the party may not be completely against sextual intercourse, they seek for it to be stripped completely of it’s romantic aspects.More significantly, the Party affects the physical autonomy of the population through the most intense form of physical control: torture. Dehumanization through torture takes place in the Ministry of Peace’s Room 101. Room 101 is a torture chamber which seeks to manipulate the way Winston thinks using his biggest fear: Rats. Torture changes Winston’s thought process when O’Brien forces him to think he is holding up 5 fingers although he is only holding up 4. Once O’Brien turns up the back breaking machine high enough and asks Winston how many fingers he is holding up, he shouts “Five! Five! Five!” (Orwell 316). Although Winston is now giving O’Brien the correct answer, he tells Winston that he “still thinks there are four” he asks Winston again, “how many fingers” he is holding (Orwell 316). Torture has made Winston realize his irrational fear for rats was greater than his love for Julia. This becomes clear when he “betrays Julia by asking them to ‘give’ the rats to her” (The Vintage News).The government in 1984 attacks its citizens psychologically.  There is a notion made by the government in 1984 that you could being watched. This is demonstrated when Winston and Julia are having sex however Winston “wonders whether after all there was a microphone hidden somewhere near” (Orwell 169). Winston is sextually attracted to Julia and they manage to have sex, although they still only call it a ‘political act’. The Party has won in this situation as they have stripped the romantic aspects and Winston is still thinking about if he is being watched while he is having sex. Attacks their ability to be in the moment about fear and paranio Other manipulative phrases resemble a picture of a man looking at the reader with underlining text  “big brother is watching you” (Orwell 3). The party associates this phrase with a picture of a man looking at you to make you psychologically think you are constantly being watched. The uncertainty regarding the laws in 1984 is another example of how the government keeps its citizens in a constant manipulative state. For example, Winston demonstrates uncertainty when he says “nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws, but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death” (Orwell 9). Thus, the uncertainty regarding the laws forces the citizens to think in a way the government would think in order to be completely safe of not breaking any laws. The government in 1984 seeks total control of its citizens. As a part of this search for total control, one’s will to think naturally must be manipulated in order to be dehumanized. The government’s taking away of speech restricts its citizens to think naturally. Newspeak, a slowly decreasing worded version of the english language, does just that. Newspeak restricts its citizens from concepts such as freedom because without the word freedom, freedom doesn’t exist. (Cliff Notes). Eventually, Syme says “every concept that can ever be needed, will be expressed by exactly one word, with its meaning rigidly defined and all its subsidiary meanings rubbed out and forgotten (Orwell 67). Orwell has created Newspeak to limit what the population in 1984 can think through what they say and ultimately know. A disimilar way the government manipulates the population in 1984 to think unnaturally is through the thought police. The government in 1984 succeeds to control what the population says and does, but struggles in controlling what the population thinks. The government uses the thought police to do just this. The thought police seek out thought crime, described as unapproved thoughts. In an article published by the New Yorker, they ask the question that is have “The technological possibilities of surveillance and data collection and storage surely surpass what Orwell imagined. (The New Yorker).Although 1984 was published in 1944, it isn’t the only text to explore themes of control. Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury share the same concept: dehumanizing a population through their freedom to think unmolested. In Fahrenheit 451, the ability to have your own opinions and to share knowledge is destroyed physically by burning books. In 1984, this concept is evident, but instead of burning books, the government chooses to eliminate certain words from a person’s vocabulary. Both methods are effective in what they are trying to achieve. In Fahrenheit 451, books are a symbol for a person’s individuality and in prohibiting books, not allowing free thinking. In 1984, by not giving the population the words in the first place, the concept of those words is erased completely. It is in the dissimilar methods used in both 1984 and Fahrenheit 451 that prohibit their populations to think freely and ultimately dehumanize them.1984’s manipulative government seeks out to attack one’s self exploration, and through this, dehumanize the population Journaling, a common form of self exploration, is prohibited by the government. Winston writes in his journal although “if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death” (Orwell 9). To be human is to find your inner self Winston uses his journal to do just that. However it is hard for him because the government holds him in a constant state of paranoia as he tries to explore who he is using his journal. In conclusion, a population must be dehumanized in order to take total control. The physical and mental aspects of the human anatomy must be addressed first in the process of dehumanization. Aspects of torture including the uniqueness of room 101 must be looked into to understand the dehumanization of the population in 1984. A person’s ability to think freely must be attacked next through the government’s allowance of speech. Lastly, one could compare the control aspects of the book Fahrenheit 451 to the ones in 1984. Humans are born with a special hard to control trait that a totalitarian government seeks to dehumanize. That things that makes us human, when controlled, can dehumanize a population.