In Valley of ITBC and formed a complete

In accordance to our case study, the sites given were at the UMS Peak located in UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH (UMS).  It was proposed to involve an 8.0 to 10 ha size area with the existing trail system of 1.5 m wide and trail was approximately 2.9 km long. The trail was named as the “Nature Trail” where we can walk and observe the nature that existed in the UMS area. The trail were also made for the attraction of the tourists who love to watch the beauty of nature that come visited UMS. The observation starts from the Ex-situ Valley of ITBC and formed a complete loop. UMS Peak is the highest landmark in UMS that consist of a secondary forest involving the planting of rubber tree, Acacia spp., and non-dipterokarp (Macarangga) plants. Generally, the objectives of this project is to rehabilitate the UMS Hill as a Nature Education and Tropical Vegetation Conservation Center in UMS campus for research and learning purposes, especially for subjects related to ecology or ecosystem. The specific objectives of this project are to rehabilitate the area by planting tropical native trees, shrub and herbs. It is to develop nature interpretation trails (Environmental Education) and provide location for the UMS researchers to undertake research projects (ecology, regenerated, plant physiology, bio-systematic, hydrology, natural products, ethno-botanical and nature tourism). Besides that, the objective was also to develop a genetic resource area for the diversity of tropical forest vegetation is the reference to scientists either from within or outside the country. The purpose of this project mainly to restore the degraded land in the secondary forest in the UMS area are caused by the human disturbance, such as using heavy machinery to carried the tank  for water supply. Another cause is the agriculture activities involving the rubber plantation, supplementary plants, and fire fuel. This project begins in 2001 where the needs to established an area that serves as a center for the conservation diversity was accepted. They started by identifying the routes for the trail system. Then in 2003, after finished analyzing the desired routes, through outsourcing, they manage to established the trail system which is in the UMS hill. After a long wait, in 2008, the preparation for the development of UMS Nature Interpretation Center has been made. Until now, the project was still undertaken and maintain for the purpose of the above objectives.