The drug wars on the Border States with the United States have deeply affected the people living in these communities. Drug abuse remains a major problem as it is directly linked to crime. Research has found that drug users are more prone to perpetrate crime. Further the report states that prolonged drug abuse can lead to participation in crime. Most crimes are committed when the criminal in under the influence of drugs or needs funds for drugs. College students remain vulnerable because of crime which is perpetrated under the influence of drugs (Tullis, 56).
Half of the sexual assaults that occur on campus are by people influenced by drugs. Drugs have known to change the personality of people as normal and calm people can become irrational under the influence. Further research has found out that heroin remains linked with crime. Heroin addicts are dependant on heroin to feel healthy which leads them violent outbursts to obtain money. Cocaine and Crack also produce high crime rates as the user feels an urge to perpetrate violent crimes. Violent deaths related to drugs are traced back to cocaine users.
Eighty four percent of drug related violent deaths are cocaine related. The use of drug has been rising despite extensive efforts by the Mexican government. Drug traffickers remain the key players in the narcotics trade and drug war. Many schemes have been implemented which allow the flow of illegal substances into the United States. The Mexican government has been investigating the types of methods which are used to facilitate the trafficking of drugs. Some policy makers have called for clemency or reduced sentences of dealers in exchange for help in fighting the drug war.
The use of informants could help in tracking the main offender. Casualties from the drug conflict have led to the deaths of hundreds of people. The people living in the states of Baja California, Guerrero, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, Michoacan, and Sinaloa have suffered from the impact of the war. The current government has been pursuing aggressive military operations in the states of Guerrero and Michoacan. A similar military operation was launched in the state of Baja California on December 2006 (Griffith, 89). Research has found that an estimated one thousand people have died from drug related violence in 2008.
The Calderon administration has pursued an aggressive policy of cracking down hard on the drug cartels. More than one hundred people have been extradited and deported to the United States of America. All private airplanes have to be inspected by federal authorities which have led to the confiscation of more than two hundred planes in the past one year. The government has also planned to the increase and reform the size of the police force. This has been done to replace the Mexican military in the fight against the drug cartels. The ambitious reform plan calls for removing corrupt elements of the police force.
It also aims to prevent infiltration of the police forces by the drug cartels. Drug cartels are a problem in Mexico. They have been involved in money laundering, gambling, drug smuggling, prostitution, murder, weapons possession, arson and other criminal activities. The rising violence has forced the government to take rapid action. A successful cartel reduction policy uses government, state, city and community level approaches to tackling gang violence. Criminal violence is an attack on individuals and communities. It breeds an environment of fear. It prevents elderly, women and children from moving safely in Mexico.
A number of ex Mexican military men are involved as the mercenaries in the Mexican Drug war (Edberg, 19). Gang members have been known to increase criminal activity inside and outside their towns. Ex military men have the expertise and knowledge of explosives and firepower which is being used with devastating effect for the drug cartels. Domestic disturbances, assaults, extortion and money laundering are some of the crimes which gang members engage in. The border towns have become cauldrons of chaos and violence. Prominent members of the police force and journalists have been assassinated by the drug cartels.
The city of Juarez has been the battleground for a vicious drug war that has severely affected the people. The millions of dollars that have arrived from drugs have gone to breed corruption. The police in Juarez were inadequately paid and armed to combat the drug cartels. Some police officers have been assassinated because they have refused to join the drug cartels. The conflict has bred an atmosphere of fear and frustration as most people stay indoors. The violence has also impacted the economy of the country. Many American companies run assembly line factories known as maquillas on the Mexican side (Dunn, 78).
These factories account for thirty five percent of the GDP as they manufacture auto parts, electronics, and medical equipment for the United States. They also provide jobs, housing, and health benefits for one hundred thousand people in Juarez. The economies of El Paso and Juarez have been severely affected due to the drug related violence. Both cities depend on each other for trade, business, and family. Research has found that people living in El Paso fear that the violence might spill across the border. They avoid going to the church or mall because there have been killings inside these public places.
Few people are coming to El Paso to shop because of the violence in Juarez. Drug violence has created a profound effect on the local economy. The United States has also beefed up security by inspecting cars for drugs. Fear has even spread into the areas which were considered to be heavily protected tourist areas. Eleven decapitated bodies were found in Merida in the Yucatan peninsula. The bodies were tortured and mutilated which suggested that they had fallen victims to growing drug war. Mexican drug gangs have been inspired by the insurgency in Iraq as they have started to use mass beheadings as a public relations tool.
Decapitations have become common as they spread fear and terror amongst the population. Research predicts that these gruesome killings could affect the psychological health of the people living in such areas. Two years ago it was reported that four heads were rolled across the floor of a nightclub in the state of Michoacan (Rotella, 178). The aim has been to create an atmosphere of terror in Mexico. The resurgence of the drug cartel and corruption in the security forces has led to the collapse of security in Mexico. The chief of police was assassinated while the country has more kidnappings as compared with Iraq and Columbia.
Public outrage against the killings has increased after a fourteen year old boy was killed despite the fact that his father had paid hundreds of thousands of dollars in ransom money. The huge costs associated with imprisoning drug offenders has been a huge concern as an estimated thirty percent of inmates inside Mexico have been charged for drug abuse. The government has spent more than sixteen million dollars a day to house the drug offenders (Rotella, 179). This has been considered as devastating for the economy. As Mexican states have reduced their funding for social services, the cost of housing and feeding drug offenders has risen.
Drugs are a menace to society. They decrease the ability of children to pay attention. Teens who engage in drug abuse are more likely to be involved in unprotected sex. This can result in teen pregnancies and transfer of deadly diseases. Drug abuse can induce emotional problems. Anxiety, depression, hallucinations, mood swings and even suicide are some of the emotional problems found in teens. Drugs can cause serious damage to vital organs. They can cause heart attacks and strokes. Every kind of drug affects the body systems.