Illiteracy: There is the shortage of required infrastructure


In India the
literacy rate of the rural population is much less than the urban population. The
government is creating attempt to growing the literacy rate in rural population
but still a large amount of needs to be done as it is far less than the
literacy rate in urban population. Literacy rate in rural areas stand at 68.90%
with rural male literacy rate 82.1% and rural female literacy rate
65.5%.Whereas literacy rate in urban areas stand at 85.0%with urban male
literacy rate at 88.76% and urban female literacy at 79.11% 2.

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There is need of technical literacy as well as literacy
in India; there is a connection between education level and use of electronic
means or Internet. This is a major drawback in which the users are not
technically literate to use the technology. 
in India, where many of the projects launched by the government like
Gyandoot, Bhoomi etc. for rural people but because of the lack of technical
awareness they are not capable of using the services provided by the


In India the poor people who does great effort for their
daily living. To whose accessing
the Internet is a costly issue for necessary communications in the form of
installing the required telephone lines needed for internet or email access is
similarly too exclusive in developing country.

citizens’ awareness:

There is common lack of awareness concerning advantages
of E-Governance as well as the process mixed up in executing successful G-C,
G-G and G-B projects.


There is the shortage of required infrastructure like
electricity, internet technology and methods of communications will influence
the speed which postponed the implementation process.


There is too much dissimilarity
in fast access to public sector services between various divisions of citizens,
mainly among urban and rural communities, among the educated and illiterate,
and among the rich and poor.



Cost is one of the most
important exclusive factors that arrives in the path of e-governance success
mainly in the developing Country India where majority of the people of whole
population living under the poverty line. They do not have the funds for the
operating expense of telephone line, internet connections etc.

Hesitate to revolutionize:

People are
disinclined to change. As e-governance means transform of  the system from manual to computerize based,
it is generally disliked by the employees and the general public. People
generally hate it as they require to learn new things in it for which they
necessitate to give in additional time and effort.


On the time of
internet accessing, speed plays an important role. But because of the
infrastructure, there are the major dissimilarities between the rural and urban
area, that’s why the speed of internet connectivity is not same to all over the