I not to take any decisive action

I will be defining what the “Eastern Question” is and when it emerged as a concept an historical phenomenon. I will also explain the main aspects of the Eastern Question and go into its periodization as well as the main characteristics of its consecutive sub periods.The Eastern Question can be described as a the strategic and political competition between Great Powers in Europe that occured after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. This diplomatic issue occurred during the 19th and early 20th centuries and as a result, many Great Powers of Europe fought over control of old Ottoman territories. This caused great tension between countries surrounding the former Ottoman Empire as they feared that one of the Great Powers might take advantage of the situation to increase their Empire’s authority and territories. The Eastern Question arose in various time periods during the 19th centuries during times of war, conflict and crisis. The main time periods in which the Eastern Question arose can be divided into the 1820s Greek Revolution, the Crimean War (1853-1856), the Balkan Crisis (1875-1878), the Bosnian Crisis of 1908 and the Balkan Wars (1912-1913).The concept of the “Eastern Question” was first created and recognized after the Greek Revolts of 1821. After Napoleon’s defeat in the year of 1815, many people believe that Russia would lead an invasion of the Ottoman Empire. This caused a lot of tension between the Ottomans authority over its territories. One of these tendons was between the Greek territories and the Ottoman Empire. Several European powers believed that Russia would intervene immediately and aid the Greeks in splitting off from the Ottoman Empire and forming an independent Greek State. However, the Emperor of Russia, Alexander I, chose not to take any decisive action and wished for peaceful collaboration among the Great Powers. Alexander ended up dying in 1825, and his successor Nicholas I decided to intervene and aid Greece’s revolt against the Ottoman Empire along with an alliance with Britain and France. Austria decided to stay out of this alliance as they were particularly concerned by the growing influence of the Russian Empire. The Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II took this intervention as an act prompting war and named Russia as an enemy of Islam. As the war progressed, it became clear that Russia was gaining the upper hand in winning the battle. Russia was faced with the option of completely destroying the Ottoman Empire or leaving it in a weakened state. Nicholas I believed that Russia would be better off if the Ottomans were left in a  weakened state. He didn’t want other Great Powers to feel threatened by Russia’s growing influence and feel the urge to go to war with them and also didn’t wish for European powers to ravage a weakened Ottoman Empire in a fight for its remaining territories. Emperor Nicholas instead decided to enter into the Treaty of Adrianople with the Sultan forcing the Ottoman Empire to become dependent on Russia. Russia gained several benefits from this treaty including gaining territories along the coast of the Black sea, the right for Russian commercial ships to access the Straits, and business expansion rights for Russians in the Ottoman Empire were granted.