Human job applicants possessing the appropriate characteristics to

Human resource continues to remain the most precious resource of any
organization. Recruiting and having the right person on board is vital for the
success of any organization. According to Edwin B. Flippo, recruitment is the process
of searching the candidates for employment and stimulating them to apply for
jobs in the organization. It is set of activities takes place in an organization
to attract job applicants possessing the appropriate characteristics to help
the organization reach its objectives. It involves seeking and attracting a
pool of people from where suitable qualified candidates can be chosen for
vacancy. The basic purpose is to collect a group of potentially qualified
people. Selection is the process of finding out the most suitable candidates
for the suitable job. After identifying the sources of manpower, searching for
prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the
organization, the management has to perform the function of selecting the right
employees at the right time and at the right post.

Effective recruitment is the key in guarantying that the
organization has the right skills and capabilities in its workforce to attain
its strategic objectives. The success of recruitment is dependent on many
factors, including the attractiveness of the organization, the community in
which the organization is located, the work climate and culture of the
organization, managerial and supervisory attitudes and behavior, workload, and
other job related considerations (Albaugh,. J 2003).

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In this study, attention turns to the processes of recruitment and
selection.  The researchers explore these
two topics together because they are integrally related not only with each
other but also with other human resources management functions. The development
and stringency of criteria for selecting job applicants depend, to a large
degree, on the success of the recruitment effort. An organization can be more
selective when a relatively large supply of qualified applicants is available
(Albaugh,. J 2003).