different countries and are listed from left


In the political
cartoon, The final pacification of Europe!!, Napoleon Bonaparte is pictured
being hanged by the neck.   His weapon is
fastened on his belt, and his hat is on the ground in front of him.  There are also six personalities in the
background celebrating Napoleon’s hanging. 
Each of the characters represents a country involved in the French
Revolution.  William Holland, the
publisher of this cartoon, shows how the artist used symbolism, imagery, and
satire to show how happy the rest of the world was after Napoleon’s era was
officially over.

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The artist used
symbols of the countries’ attire to identify the background characters.  For instance, the artist drew a bear-fur cap
on the Russian and Holland’s figure is plump and has a pipe in his hat.  The six men represent six different countries
and are listed from left to right: Russia, Prussia, England, Germany,
Switzerland, and Holland.  Each of the
men is saying “Good news for Russia, Prussia, England, etc.” according to the
man’s country of origin.  At the bottom of
the cartoon is written in large font “The Final Pacification of Europe!!”. The word
pacification means finding peace. This shows that this is the main message
being passed by the cartoon. It shows that after the death of Napoleon, people
believed that Europe and all the countries of Europe would be at peace and be
back to normal.

The most notable
object in the cartoon is by far Napoleon’s hat. 
Throughout his journeys, Napoleon was notorious for wearing a huge
hat.  The artist presents Napoleon’s hat
lying on the ground in front of Napoleon. 
This is symbolic of his downfall, and the great news for the other
nations involved in his tactics.  Another
symbolic aspect featured in the cartoon is Napoleon’s left hand.  His left hand seems to be still grasping for
air as if he still feels his reign is not quite over.  It almost looks as if he could be getting
prepared to reach for his weapon and attempt to fight back as he had been
recognized to do throughout his time in power. 
Additionally, the men in the background who represent the other nations
of Europe are all marching around and blowing whistles spreading the news of
the “pacification of Europe.”  They all
seem to be thrilled to hear about the news of Napoleon’s death and seem to all
be on the same page about Europe’s future.

The primary
action-taking place in the cartoon is the hanging of the French leader Napoleon
Bonaparte. This shows a mockery of Napoleon-era or leadership. This ridicules
his governance and makes him seem like he did nothing right.  This appears to be the central idea of the
cartoon, as Napoleon is closer and focused on the viewer.  In the background, nevertheless, a lot of
action is going on among the six men. 
The six men appear to be marching around blowing horns and excited that
the terror is eventually over. The words of the cartoon explain the characters
in the comic by stating the country of origin every man is from.  Without the “Good News for Germany”
commentary made by the German man, the observer of the cartoon would have a tough
time deciphering who was who.

Imagery is used in
this cartoon because by just looking at the pictures in the cartoon, one can
actually visualize what happened in reality. The jubilation for the hanging of
the Napoleon actually tells how bad he was. The message of the cartoon shows
viewers that the world rulers of the other countries in Europe did not support
of the way Napoleon Bonaparte was governing his country, France.  It also shows the reader how excited the other
countries were when Napoleon’s reign finally ceased.  Some special interests groups that might
oppose with the way Napoleon is depicted in this cartoon would be people in
that era that supported Napoleon every step of the way.  His supporters (which were many), might
disagree with how Napoleon is portrayed in this cartoon.  Napoleon is presented as defenseless and as if
the other countries have ganged up on him.

In conclusion,
from The Final Pacification of Europe!! Cartoon, one can clearly say that
Napoleon was an enemy to many and no one like how he ruled. Each of the other
major powers of Europe declares good news for their countries instead of
mourning his death, which means that Napoleon’s fatal error was making enemies
instead of allies. Napoleon was the cause of the extensive violence in early
19th century Europe. This is all clearly shown in the drawing which is very
clear and elaborate.




“The Final Pacification of
Europe!” Cartoon. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.