Honorable security on the border against illegal migration,

Honorable Chairs, fellow delegates, and members of the United Nations, the delegate of Iraq
expresses its desperate hope for the Security Council to discuss upon the Agenda on ‘Migration in
2017: How to accommodate and/or promote integration of Syrian refugees in European societies.’
The latest decade in Syria was a devastation by itself. Starting from Arab’s spring which
boomed in 2011 followed by Syrian Civil War already let the stance of Syria in an entire chaos, and
the stance was intensified due to the rise of power of Daesh, also known as the IS/ISIS/ISIL.
Ceasefires, armed conflicts, bombardments and gunshots are filling the roads, cities and streets in
entire Syria every day, and there are serious problems regarding to war crimes, use of chemical
weapons, intensified divisions and rebels, proxy wars and humanitarian crises. The violation of
human rights of Syrian citizens is more than worse: 90,000 people have been killed by June 2013,
however the number increased in an exponential rate, recorded 250,000 in August 2015 and over
500,000 up to December 2017. The usage of chemical weapons refers to genocide against civilians,
and this is completely unacceptable among the international society as it is definitely a “crime against
humanity”. Syrians are in a position in which they are not able to live safely anymore in the country,
hence a humongous number of people fled the country and have become refugees. Up to December
2017, more than 5 million refugees have been registered, and the UN assumes that there will be
millions more who failed to register and are wondering around different parts of the world. Further 7
million are internally displaced; they are trapped inside and Syria and still greatly suffering from
extreme violence and human right infringements.
Regarding to the issue with the Syrian refugees, a new problem has come up to the surface: the
settlement/accommodation/integration of the refugees. This is a major problem particularly among
European nations, for the reason being a relatively wealthy and stable place with a high standard of
living in average, and also because they are geographically close to Syria. Not long after the crisis
broke, the European countries showed their appreciation for the refugees and welcomed them
presenting open-door policy. However, the attitude of the European nations in the current status quo
does not seem very generous nor welcoming, as they send refugees to other countries or even back to
where they have come from. They are increasing security on the border against illegal migration, too.
Hence the number of Asylum Seekers are consistently increasing, and room for the Syrian refugees to
stay safe is decreasing as time goes by. The importance to debate on the Agenda is also increasing, as
the stance of the Syrian refugees is becoming harder, and it is definitely a huge responsibility of the
international society to discuss on and prioritize the integration and settlement of those refugees.
As a country also greatly suffering from the Iraqi Civil War which is a conflict between Daesh
against the Iraqi government together with the international society hence producing a lot of refugees,
Iraq hopes fateful and successful accommodation of the refugees, and desperately hopes the basic
rights of them to be kept living in a country with better environment until the domestic government is
stabilized enough for them to be able to return and stay safely. Hence Iraq strongly encourages the
European nations to accept those refugees and the international society to help the settlement of the
people.
There must be a balanced discussion and implementation of both short-term and long-term
solutions in order to effectively solve the issue, with the short-term solutions being funding to both
European nations and providing supplies to the refugees, and long-term solutions being changing the
social recognition of the people, enabling the refugees to stand on its own together with education
provided to the people. However, it should be kept that the committee must come up to a resolution
ultimately aiming sustainable goals and prioritizing long-term solutions. For short-term solutions,
there must be more temporary shelters provided for asylum-seekers. As there are increasing number of
Asylum-Seekers, the need of an increased number of shelters is becoming more crucial. The NGOs
together with the UN organizations may provide that together with basic food and medication.
For long-term solutions, there must be an international agreement involving all the European
Powers and other nations on the modification of the Refugee policy. As European nations are not
welcoming to accept refugees, there should be a negotiation between the nations about the benefits
they will receive if they accept over certain number of refugees. A clause on the distribution of the
refugees is also necessary. The idea of Socio-Economic funding is also welcomed, as providing safe
shelter, educational service, healthcare service, insurance and workplace are essential yet the best
solutions. The international society together with the hosting nations must divide the job and financial
support. An attempt for change in social perception is also important, for example the problem on
xenophobia must be resolved. Both domestic governmental or UN-led campaigns can be
implemented, together with social education targeting the young will be effective so that
discrimination against the refugees are solved. Last but not least, for sustainable stability, support of
educational and welfare of the refugees is also necessary. Educational and welfare support programs
can be implemented by the government, so that the refugees can stay in a stable social position and
successfully integrate to a new society.Honorable Chairs, fellow delegates, and members of the United Nations, the delegate of Iraq
strongly argues that he agrees to the Agenda on ‘Seeking Ways to Restore Order in the Formerly ISControlled
Region and to Prevent the Reconstruction of Such Terrorist Groups.’
It has always been debated with great concern on the approach of the international society on
tackling terrorism, and a deep consideration on an enormous terrorist group Daesh/IS/ISIS/ISIL has
been on the surface since 2014. The entire globe was shocked on numerous ‘crimes against humanity’
produced by Daesh, presented its utmost anxiety against the extremist actions, exhausted by the armed
conflicts which completely devastated the entire Iraq and Syria, and furthermore was highlighted on
the strong need of a prevention against future terrorist attacks. It is thoroughly grateful that Daesh is
losing its power as multilateral military cooperation together with the resistance of the governmental
forces are actively being implemented and the government of Iraq took back the entire control of the
state. However, there are still possibilities of resurgence of hostilities between rival groups and a
strong need to restore order in formerly IS-Controlled Regions. The importance of the Agenda can
once again be highlighted considering the fact that there is a high chance of resurgence of another
terrorist group if the chaos continues in those regions.
Iraq is a key nation involved in the Agenda, as Daesh originated in Iraq, hence there was
numerous arm clash between Daesh against the Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent
Resolve (CTJF-OIR) together with the Iraqi governmental forces and the Kurdistan Regional
Government (KRG) for the dissipation of Daesh and retrieving of the control. So far, there resulted
more than 34,000 casualties only in the Iraqi security forces, and far more people were wounded. War
resulted a striking aftermath to Iraq – human rights were infringed, crimes against humanity such as
genocides happened, cities were scorched, civilians were left unemployed and homeless, heritages and
assets were bombarded, over 2.9 million refugees were displaced in Iraq, and 1.4 million were settled
in temporary settlements. This is not other country’s status but Iraq’s own stance, hence Iraq is
desperate for the Security Council to tackle all measures to prevent future terrorism and ways to
restore Iraq.
Iraq believes that the international society2 must consider three parts: get rid of the remaining
Daesh activities, restore order and stabilize the regions affected by the wars, and further provide longterm
solutions to maintain peace towards the region. One must not prioritize over each other, as every
single part of the solution is highly significant. In order to get rid of the remaining Daesh, there must
be an increased pressure/restrictions/monitoring/sanction implication together with the consistent
military attacks. The Security Council must tackle down the path of the supply of financial sources to
Daesh – there must be increased monitoring system on the “black money” which may be transferred
through virtual money – therefore the implication of white hackers to track the path is necessary. To
cut the supply of oil is also crucial. The influence of Daesh over the Internet and Social Media must
also be tackled: an active cooperation with the social media companies to track down the accounts and
medias is necessary, and a presentation of anti-propagandas will also be highly efficient. Furthermore,
an establishment of a community to unite all anti-Daesh military rebels, scattered among the region
can be done.
Restoring the order in the devastated region is also important – civilians and refugees must be
aided with basic supplies. The UN can also send officials to help the government to regain stabilized
control over the state. This is desperate in countries such as Syria and Libya, as they lack legitimate
governments and remain as failed states. Peacebuilding measures must also be tackled: the NGOs,
regional economic and social committees such as UN Economic and Social Council for Western Asia
(UNECSWA), and the local groups may cooperate with the World Bank to aim for monitoring
possible threats and help to increase the standard of living in the area will be necessary. There must be
a legalized document that once again highlights the brutality of “crimes against humanity”, and
sanctions of an extreme level must be discussed. Last but not least, long-term education to children is
essential for preventing resurgence of terrorism.
Iraq ends this position paper with a following quote:
“ISIS is not a mere criminal organization that spreads death wherever it went, it is rather a crisis of a
nation.”
Thank you.