Hi everybody! My name is Katrina.You know, just like Hurricane Katrina. My friends always say “Wow you can hear her coming from a mile away!” I know this seems a little insensitive, but come on! I’m not the only one who turns these serious disasters into jokes. Just look at the movie “Sharknado” ! They decided to depict a tornado..made out of sharks. Clearly, natural disasters aren’t something we should be making into light hearted movies. In light of all the recent natural disasters in the US, it’s about time we think about the solution to save more people’s lives and to decrease the hardships that people encounter during the natural disaster. When I was seven, I watched a Chinese movie “Aftershock” which was adapted from one of the most famous earthquakes, Tangshan Earthquake, which occurred in the 1970s in China. The sudden power outage from the shake of the earthquake had caused these residents to fall victim to panic.The first and only time I felt an actual earthquake, I honestly thought the world was about to end. I felt the shaking of the house and the furniture, but to later find out that it was only a magnitude of 2.4… It is hard to imagine how ferocious and damaging when a real natural disaster hits.When a natural disaster such as earthquake, flood, tsunami, or hurricane occurs, valuable items are lost, houses are destroyed, and many other problems occur. However, power outages are certainly the major problem that cause countless inconveniences in daily activities. This was clearly demonstrated in the recent natural disaster that happened in Florida, Hurricane Irma, which caused one of the largest natural disaster power outages in the US. However, this isn’t the first time for Southeast to get power outages from natural disasters. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew knocked out power to around 1.4 million people. In 2005, Hurricane Wilma cut off electricity to 3.2 million Florida Power and Light customers. It was considered as the largest power outage in the company’s history up to that point. In September 2017, few days after the invasion of Hurricane Irma, the CEO of FPL company, Eric Silagy, said Irma had crushed the record that made up by Hurricane Wilma. This record was far surpassed as two thirds of Florida was cut off from electricity. Crews cannot begin work until winds are below 35 mph and water has receded, FPL spokesman Rob Gould said at the command center a week after the hurricane ?Salisbury 1).Furthermore, due to a natural disaster, power outages can occasionally destroy transportation infrastructures, pose a threat to nuclear reactors, and disrupt coal and natural gas infrastructures. Facilities such as hospitals, 911 call centers, and supermarkets need reliable electric sources to provide critical support in emergency situations. Homes and businesses are left without water, cooling, heating, and communication. The failure to install reliable backup power systems at critical facilities represents a serious weakness in emergency response infrastructure (Stori 1).The power outage due to Hurricane Irma had caused many local hospitals and nursing homes to lose the usage of electronic devices. Millions of people lost power sources at their houses and this had highly affected to their daily lives. For example, during the hottest day time of Florida, the highest temperature can get to 92 degrees. Without the cooling from air conditioner and fan, residents that live in Florida were suffering in the devilish temperature for a long time. As a matter of fact, eight people die in the nursing home and some of the patients had difficulty breathing under the extreme temperature. During such power-less circumstances, Florida families were facing another dilema: cooking and food saving. The lost of electrical power had rendered important electrical kitchen appliances useless. Families were unable to use most of their kitchen appliances to make meals, so they were left with merely snacks and emergency food. Furthermore, others spent the next weeks and months cooking in upstairs bedrooms and mucked-out garages — anywhere they can find a place to make a meal. Power outages have caused great lost to private citizens as well as the business sector. According to the data analysis of Sun Sentinel, there were about 645,000 outages reported in Broward County, representing 68 percent of Florida Power and Light’s countywide residential and business accounts. Miami-Dade County was the most heavily hit with 815,000 or just under 80 percent of the accounts losing power. In Palm Beach County, the total was 525,000 or 70 percent. According to the boss of Lloyd’s of London insurer, the insured damage caused by both hurricanes Harvey and Irma is expected to be $50 to $70 billion (Pounds, 1). These damages brought by the power outages from natural disasters prove to be another reason as to why we need to have access to alternative power sources and goods during the times of natural disasters. As discussed above, traditional power sources are not reliable when a natural disaster occurs. In order to save more lives and protect the economy, I advocate to the U.S. Congress my following two-steps legislation plan. First, we must focus more on the research and development of the alternative sources of energy that can be used during any natural disaster. Based on the Physical Organization, “the alternative energy source that currently is the most convenient is solar electricity, particularly the solar emergency system. This system is easy to transport and is plentiful in many areas. It is considered the most suitable renewable energy source for these applications. In addition, solar emergency system helps businesses and supermarkets to continue working during and after a disaster” (Marquit, 1). With such installation, companies can avoid interruption losses caused by grid failure. Furthermore, solar emergency system is self-sufficient since it doesn’t need fossil fuel to operate and needs maintenance. I suggest for small business owners, government should provide some incentives and/or subsidize with the cost of installation. Secondly, every state must implement and regulate procedures in using alternative energy during a power outage due to a natural disaster. Without a doubt, the process of using renewable energy would require expense up front. Research and technological developments to advance the efficiency of renewable energy is costly. Producing the equipment would require a large initial capital outlay. Additionally, there are some environmental concerns beyond air pollution and global warming with any of these processes. However, it is thought that the environmental impacts long-term would still be less than those of continuing use of fossil fuels. Moreover, every state should provide financing or rebate program for solar panel installation in homes and businesses. Hence, cost-efficiency would increase, and overall energy costs would be expected to fall long-term. No one of these renewable energy sources can effect a change on its own. It requires coordinated implementation of a variety of alternative strategies to replace the energy we get from fossil fuels. Assessments of which types of energy would work best in different locales would be required, and a great deal of planning would be needed for a successful implementation. With the help of my two-step legislation, we can work together, as a nation, to ensure that power outage caused by natural disaster will be a thing in the past. In this speech, I advocate on the use of one of the alternative energy resources, solar. In my opinion, these alternative energy resources are beneficial not only during natural disasters, but is also better for our environment in the long run.