Health and safety is a legal set of rules and regulations that protect the workers at any company in United Kingdom. The Health and Safety Act was enforced in 1974 and now acts as a primary piece of legislation covering occupational roles in the UK. The legislation applies to all employees and employers whether it is part, full or unpaid work. This act is essential within the television and film industry as there are a multitude of problems that can arise in this industry’s working environment. For example, stunt workers can occasionally risk their lives for the production of a film and the production company involved must take all the necessary requirements to ensure their safety by having doctors on set, making sure the stunt worker knows what they must do and check that the set is safe. Companies must also complete all the necessary pre-production health and safety work, such as a risk assessment and a health and safety report as these documents focus on potential risks and hazards on set and identifies ways to neutralize them. IV. ETHICAL ISSUES Ethics are the moral principles that define how a person acts. Ethical obligations and considerations are a list of rules and paperwork that needs to be completed in order to work in the film and television industry. Ethical obligations range from scandals to protecting children from inappropriate content to character and place representation. Representation focuses on how gender, age, ethnicity and places are shown on television and in movies. Representation is often considered when creating a film or programme as a director or producer will consider how a person should act to display a representation of the character they are playing. BBC has a representations policy to prevent stereotyping. As the BBC is widely accessible to the nation, they have a responsibility to display ethically correct content otherwise it may offend or promote poor behavior to viewers. Discrimination is a big issue during the hiring process in the television and film industry. It is reported that only 50% of working age and willing disabled people can get a job, compared to 95% employment rate of nondisabled people. In the television and film industry, production companies have to make sure their cast and crew is diverse in terms of age, gender, ethnicity and ability to ensure they are not stereotyping or discriminating potential candidates in the hiring process. Codes of practice are important in the television and film industry as they show how vital issues are. Policies support effective decision making as they provide rules on what people can and can’t do, what decisions they make and what activities they represent are appropriate. V. BBFC The British board of Film Classification (BBFC) is an independent non-governmental body that has classified cinema films since 1912 and videos since 1984. Their aims are to protect children and other vulnerable groups from harm through legally enforceable classification decisions and education. They are accountable to parliament, so this means that the government do not control or fund the BBFC but can vouch that they are helping to protect vulnerable groups of people from seeing or hearing things through the means of films or games. The BBCF classification applies to all moving picture contents for showing on DVD or in cinema and does not apply to television. The BBFC regulates films by giving them a rating of U, PG, 12/12A, 15 or 18. Films are graded for the ratings by considering all the aspects in the film. A film with the rating of U should be a positive story with no reference to illegal drugs and include minimal violence. If violence is present then any weapons should be unrealistic or hard to acquire. The only sexual behavior present should be kissing and the only allowed reference should be ‘making love’. A film with the rating of PG should not disturb a child aged eight or older. There should only be mild bad language and sexual activity can be implied but only infrequently. Violence is allowed but cannot be shown in detail. 12/12A films are suitable for children over the age of 12. Drug misuse must be in infrequent and cannot be given in detail and any suicide or self-harming should not be given in detail because it could be copied. Stronger language and nudity is allowed but should be infrequent and appropriate for young teenagers to watch and hear. A film rated 15 is appropriate for children over the age of 15. It can include violence, and language and sexual activity but the film should not focus on it as the main picture. Films rated 18 are suitable for 18 year olds and over. The content will be ‘In line with the consistent findings of the BBFC’s public consultations and The Human Rights Act 1998, at ’18’ the BBFC’s guideline concerns will not normally override the principle that adults should be free to choose their own entertainment’. But the exceptions is anything that breaches the law or if it could affect behavior in society. If the guidelines are broken the minor can be banned from the cinema chain as breaking these ratings can lead to serious crimes. Many young viewers have tried to reenact horror films or action stunts not realizing the consequences and have paid with someone’s live. These guidelines have been put in place to protect young viewers from being corrupted by media that is inappropriate to see whilst they are still young.