have smoking in young women, as well as

 have decided to look at
how self-esteem affects happiness for my conference proposal.  I will be looking at what self-esteem is,
determining factors that may affect someone’s self-esteem, what Happiness is and
how self-esteem and happiness inter-relate.

An area of textbook that is related to this chapter of the
handbook in which I will discuss within my presentation is Chapter 5. As the
authors point out in the chapter, Individuals with high levels of self-esteem
tend to report higher levels of intelligence and happiness.  Individuals who report low levels of
self-esteem tend to report an increase in depression, smoking in young women,
as well as an increase risk to bulimia and body dissatisfaction. 

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As pointed out in chapter 5, there are a number of factors
that can affect a person’s self-esteem, to be positive or negative, such as; Children
and adolescents who feel more supported by their parents have  higher levels of self-esteem. Were as
children who are ostracized from others, may be more hostile, aggressive, and
more disruptive.  Bottom page 107 in positive

In the Oxford handbook, the social construction of
self-esteem, James points out that we often connect success with self-esteem by
looking at a person’s worldly accomplishment. However, James explains in the
article that when he looks at a person’s self-esteem he does not just confine
it to just those who are healthy minded individuals, who take life as it comes
and seem naturally disposed to find ways to thrive and succeed. James instead
admires the sick souls, as they are the ones who have confronted and sometimes
failed in the face of life’s challenges and are often driven more deeply into
examining the meaning of life. 

In relation to happiness, as pointed out in chapter 3,
humans seek pleasure and try to avoid pain, due to an activation of the brains
pleasure center.  However, as discussed
in the chapter, pleasure is not enough to make humans feel happy and fulfilled.
As reviewed in the chapter, a person’s happiness may be classified as having
five main components, career, social, financial, physical and community
well-being.  The chapter also states that
most people tend to view themselves as being unhappy.  However, according to a study conducted by
(Myers, 2000), this appears to be false. In the study, (Myers, 2000) conducted,
most people who participated in the study viewed themselves being above average
when it came to happiness. Myers reviewed that there was an exception to this for
those who were either hospitalized, an alcoholic, or for people who were newly
incarcerated inmates.