Hajj?The sermon before he went to Medina where

Hajj?The annual pilgrimage made by Muslims to Mecca, in present-day Saudi Arabia. It is the fifth Pillar of
Islam and must be made
at least once in every Muslim’s life, although exceptions are made, for
example, people with ill-health or extreme poverty. It is estimated that during
the Hajj, as many as three million Muslims from all over the world descend on
Mecca, making it the second largest pilgrimage in the
world (after the Hindu Kumbh Mela which can attract 70 million people and
is held every three years).  The Hajj
takes place between the 8th and the 12th days of Dhul-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. Because
this uses the Hijra calendar, it takes place approximately 11 days
earlier each solar year.

During the Hajj, several rituals are performed. The most spectacular is
the procession around the Ka’bah, with thousands of Muslims walking anti-clockwise
seven times around the monument to which they have been facing for prayer for
the rest of the year. They run or walk between the hills of al-Safa and al-Marwah, to
represent Hagar’s search for water. They then drink from the Zamzam well, which Muslims believe was revealed to Hagar after
her search proved fruitless. They will stand vigil on Mount Arafat, the place
where the Prophet Muhammad delivered his farewell sermon before he went to Medina where he would
become ill and die. Failure to be at 
Mount Arafat or the plain around it on the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah invalidates
the entire pilgrimage. Muslims then shave their heads and make a ritual animal
sacrifice, and so begins the festival of Eid al-Adha.

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hajjah al-asliyyah, al-?Basic needs, or that which cannot be taken away.
Such items are exempt from zakat duties. The term also refers to the absolute minimum
an Islamic state’s inhabitants should possess, and it is up to the respective
governments to ensure that no person within its jurisdiction falls below this
poverty line.