Despite Sampson’s pride he was praising a rather rag tag army and not particularly well trained army. The report cites how some sported the camouflage suits of EOKA-B, the pro-mainland Greek and anti-Makarios group, often given a ‘terrorist’ tag. Others wore American Army fatigues, but whatever they wore all gave defiant V-for-victory signs as they left for the front where they knew they would be up against a Turkish force that were both better dressed and equipped, but also better trained.
In 2002 Henri J. Barkey and Philip H. Gordon produced a report ‘Cyprus: the Predictable Crisis The situation in Cyprus can no longer be called a crisis as it has lasted far too long for that, but nevertheless it has included any number of min-crises. They believed at that time that the approaching acceptance of Greek Cyprus as part of the European Union would set off a major Mediterranean crisis between Turkey and the west of Europe, a prediction that was more or less unfounded as can be seen in hindsight.
They felt that such a conflict would disrupt any positive advances that had been made between the two sides of the Cypriot population going as far as saying that resulting crisis might lead to a permanent Turkish annexation of the Northern Turkish Cypriot section of the island, making permanent division that already exists and producing a deep split between Turkey and western Europe, and even an armed confrontation between NATO members and all this at a time when the United States of America is seeking to bring about a global coalition to fight against terrorism and Middle Eastern Wars as between Arab and Jew. The European Union is in control of the membership accession timetable as well as being in charge of any economic incentives.
The United States is Turkey’s most important strategic ally and also an important partner of Cyprus, Greece and other countries of the European Union ands so has a considerable amount of leverage to put on all those concerned. Andrew Borowiec, ‘Cyprus: A Troubled Island, 2003 A southern Cypriot reviewer of this work concludes :- I concurred (sadly) with some of the author’s descriptions of modern
Cypriot society (particularly in the south with which I’m familiar), as well as with the conclusion that the differences between the two sides – at least at the official level – appear to be irreconcilable, and that the only hope is at the grassroots level where there is a need to start building a Cypriot identity and consciousness, if we ever want to see the divide go away…
Eleni Apeyitou in her 2003 article ‘Turkish-Cypriot nationalism : its history and development 1571- 1970’ comments on the growth of nationalism on the island and concludes:- the intellectual birth of Turkish-Cypriot nationalism and its initial spread as an ideological child of mainland Turkish nationalism had very little to do with Greek Cypriots and their already developed nationalism, its growth and final form came to be conditioned as that of a response and reaction to Greek-Cypriot nationalism. And it is true, that despite many invasions and changes in control, Greece has been the major influence upon the island for over 1000 years, although of course geographically Turkey is nearer physically.
Cyprus :State of United Nations Negotiations by Carol Migdalovitz of the Foreign Affairs , Defence and Trade Division was updated in 2003 discusses various factors that each have their effect on these talks – Domestic Politics in Cyprus, European Union Policies and the individual policies of Turkey and Greece. She also discusses the policy of another interested party – the United States of America. Since 1974 America has been supporting the activities of the United Nations as that organization sought to bring about a reconciliation between the opposed sides.