Food the young children, older adults, the pregnant

Food
is necessary for humans to stay healthy and productive. (Food Aid 2007) It’s
the key for wellness, it is the key to sustain life. Food is the most essential
of all economic goods. Fifty percent of the world’s assets, employment, and
consumer expenditures belong to the food system, says Harvard Business School’s
Ray Goldberg, Moffett professor of agriculture and business emeritus (2007),
which we can say makes food one of the topmost priorities of the people. The
world today is a busy one. Busy with work, school and other extra activities.
Only a little or no one has time to cook. Eating habits of people has changed
due to the fast-paced life so here enters the restaurants, fast-food chains,
cafes, and eateries.

According to Nielsen, a performance management
company (2017), more Filipinos are veering away from home-cooked meals and
resort to dining out of their home twice a day. Eating out can be convenient
for people but is never safe since the consumer cannot see how it’s done, how
it is prepared, how clean the utensils used for cooking and eating are.  Each year, 38 million people get sick from a
foodborne illness, 128,000 are hospitalized, 3,000 died according to the
estimation of CDC.  Foodborne illness is
one of the most common problems that a human being can experience since food is
encountered almost everyday, and because of the lack of proper knowledge about
microorganisms and sanitation. Many people are exposed to food safety hazards
and risks on a daily basis, in both developing and developed countries.

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People around the world experience foodborne
illness. It starts with nausea,
vomiting, stomach cramps, and diarrhea and if left untreated, it could lead to
death. Even though anyone could be a victim of a foodborne illness, some people
are most likely to develop one; the young children, older adults, the pregnant
women, and the immune-compromised people. According to WHO, an estimated
600 million to almost 1 in 10 people in the world fall ill after eating
contaminated food and 420 000 die every year, resulting in the loss of 33
million healthy life years. In the Philippines alone, DOH recorded 41,220 cases
of foodborne diseases and for the Region XII there are 2,714 cases for the year
of 2017 with Acute Bloody diarrhea, confirmed Cholera, Confirmed Rotavirus,
Hepatitis A, and Typhoid fever being on the list of the diseases all because of
eating unsafe foods.

There could be a lot of factors that makes man
exposed into ingesting microorganisms they never thought would be in their
food. It could be the improper hygiene of the cook, the environment, the
cleanliness, sanitation, the ingredients used, maybe the lack of sterilization
or the way eateries sterilize the utensils they let their customers use.

General Santos City, known as the Tuna Capital of
the Philippines, is one of the major food suppliers in the country. General Santos
City continues to excel due to its hardworking citizens, Generals as they call
it. And it is observed due to the busy life of the Generals, many of them eat
at their neighborhood eateries.  In this
study, sterilization of local eateries in General Santos City will be give
focus on, checked and tested to see if the utensils used by their customers are
microorganisms free, and if not, the microorganisms present will be identified.
And see if local eateries in General Santos City apply sterilization.

The researchers chose
this study for them to determine the effectivity of sterilization procedures of
kitchen utensils of local eateries in General Santos City. The researchers also
desire to discover and have a clearer understanding of the problems stated for
this study.