Female circumcision is a procedure that involves cutting or
removing the clitoris. It is done by certain cultures mainly in Africa. I am completely against female circumcision,
it is also known as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Female circumcision is a very painful
procedure and it is dangerous to the woman health the rest of their lives.
Female genital mutilation is performed on young girls around
the age three to fifteen. The procedure is done by someone called the
circumciser often is the older woman in the house among the girls and women.
The girls are held done against their will and very confused about what is
happening. The circumciser or cutter uses a blunt instrument or tool such as
knives, scissors, scalpels, pieces of glass, or razor blades to cut the
clitoris. Sometimes the procedure is so extreme it requires stitching up the
labia leaving a small hole for urination, menstrual cycle, intercourse, and
childbirth. There is no anesthetic or antiseptics used for this procedure. Once the procedure is done the girls are in
bed to rest and their legs bound together for 40 days for scar tissue to form. There
are four different types of this procedure. Type 1 is a clitoridectomy which is
a partial or completely removal of the clitoris. Type 2 is an excision which is
partial or complete removal of the clitoris and labia minora. Type 3 also
called infibulation which involves narrowing of the vaginal orifice with a
covering seal. The last type is type 4 which is all other harmful procedure to
the female genitalia. Type 1 and 2 are the most common but it depends on the
country and culture.
Cultures believe this should be done to welcome the girls
into adulthood, it is a way to prepare the young woman for marriage and to
preserve virginity. There is no medical benefit behind this belief. It is
actually very dangerous to their lives and to their unborn child once they
become pregnant. Some effects are constant pain, infections, infertility, bleeding,
abscesses, incontinence or trouble passing urine, and problems during
childbirth. There is also psychological effects depression, post-traumatic
stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and sometimes
suicide attempts. The psychological effects are due to the procedure trauma,
humiliation, betrayal by parents and family, and use of physical force.
I am completely against this because it is not necessary for
these young girls to go through all this pain and traumatic experience for something
that follows them the rest of their lives. It is illegal in places but there
are not many convictions for this crime due to no one wants to turn their
family in to the police and then be shunned from the rest of the family or
community. In 2016, it was estimated about 200 million girls and women had
undergone female circumcision. I wish there was some way to completely
eradicate this procedure but I see it being very difficult to do this since its
happening within community and no one knows. It can’t be stopped if we don’t
know where it is actually happening.