Eric Wang 10M2 IR FINAL DRAFT Word count: 2027-27= 2000″To what extent is climate change negatively impacting wildlife and the human society?” Introduction:I have recently done research in school about deforestation and climate change in southeast asia, and the extent to which reflects the severity of this issue really got my attention. It shocked me when i found out how society treated the environment, and how human practices and diets have destroyed quite a majority of wildlife in areas that were once rich with nature. I wanted to find more about the current situation and how i could help or make a difference. I have never came to realise that this situation was so serious and that if it continues, agriculture, the economy and even the human race could be threatened, where for sure, we would be forced to change our lifestyles. This issue should be prioritised as the number one problem we need to address in the modern evolving world, as the consequences are unsurprisingly critical and could potentially turn our own environment against us.Global perspective:Climate change is occurring all around the world and affecting every corner of earth, spreading across the globe faster than ever. This dramatic effect has been scientifically proven to change animal behaviors and their distribution towards the habitat. Also, due to global warming, the atmosphere is sucking out moisture from land at a much greater rate, which has caused severe droughts in many countries that are now facing reduced crop production and water shortages. Climate change is a major topic that the UN is now focusing on. On the 12th of december 2015, all countries around the world adapted an agreement called the Paris Agreement, where all countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius, and if best, to strive for 1.5 degrees Celsius. (“Climate Change – United Nations Sustainable Development”). Through this agreement, the UN hopes to provide “a roadmap to reduce emissions and build climate resilience.” Another major organisation working towards making an impact on this issue is WWF. WWF is an international organisation that works to protect endangered animal species around the world as well as address global threats. They hope to advance policies to fight climate change, engage with businesses to reduce carbon emissions as well as to help society and nature adapt to changes in the environment. (“Effects of Climate Change”)The UN seems to have a very clear and defined solution that they are working towards. The agreement involves all countries around the world, which means that everyone can contribute and make a difference to society. On the other hand, if nothing is done about the issue, climate change will worsen day by day, and will severely alter weather, temperature, air quality and much more. At the end of the day, climate change would not only harm a large sector of wildlife around the world, but like a chain of events, other factors would consequently see change. Now, what should the global society do to change this issue? They should come together and stay aware of the presence of climate change. By involving the UN, a intercrossing network can be constructed, where multiple countries may pass their ideas and courses of action to the UN, and unite as a whole community to take on climate change. Major organisations such as WWF, IPCC and the UN believe the most effective way to attack this problem is: “Understanding that climate change is a challenge in managing risk opens a wide range of opportunities for integrating adaptation with economic and social development and with initiatives to limit future warming”. This means that we have to learn to adapt to the new climate and make the best of it using what we currently have. (I used the united nations official website because it is written directly and first hand by professionals. It is clear that their aim is to fight global issues and improve the society of human race, and are not aimed to bias their perspectives) (“United Nations and Climate Change”)National perspective:(Brazil)With brazil’s large population of plants and animals stretching across the whole of South America, the largest one being the amazon forest, is home to over 10 million species of plants, animals and insects combined. Although, the amazon is currently fragile and at great risk. (“Arctic Climate Change”). Climate change and has heavily impacted vital ecosystems of the amazon in recent years. This has caused warmer temperatures and less rainfall resulting in common droughts. The majority of crops have been destroyed, and fishing businesses are failing. Furthermore, dry and hot temperatures meant common forest fires, affecting not only plants, but also animals within the region. The loss of animal species makes further impact on vegetation along the river, which not only maintains stream temperatures, but also reduces flooding, as well as providing shelter for wildlife. WWF is working towards restoring lost vegetation along river banks and introducing more sustainable agricultural practices. It has effectively created plans for local farmers to raise crops sustainably and adapt to climate change. (“Effects of Climate Change”)(Hong Kong)As a result of climate change, land reclamation, water pollution and physical damage from divers and fishermen releasing anchors and nets, the pollution in Hong Kong’s oceans have increased significantly. Experts state that the pollution produced and released into the oceans adds nutrients to the water, causing corals to become ill. The government hopes to introduce coral farming and transplant corals to safer and less polluted places in the city’s ocean region. Furthermore, they plan to remove algae and control fish predatory by updating fish regulations. From new mechanical integrations such as hydrologic models and satellites, heavier rainfall and extreme temperatures should be expected. Although, the amount of water that can be obtained from water consumption will fall instead of increase, raising risks of water shortage in the near decade. It is suggested that the government should foster close collaboration with its neighboring countries; Maintain a stable freshwater supply to construct more water plants and widen local water supplies. (Chen, David Yongqin) From the 2 completely different environments, we can see that they each reflect the severity of climate change and its consequences. Although, the scale and measure of how critical the issue is proves to be completely different for both scenarios. Evidently, the government has stepped up and taken action in Hong Kong, whereas not so much is being done by the local government and global organisations towards Brazil. This creates space for improvement towards specific areas that are not given much attention of. Citizens and organisations have to step in and throughout the use of propaganda, persuade the government to invest in formulas to preserve the habitat of their country.I believe that if nothing is being done about this issue, problems that we are already facing will continue to intensify. Weather patterns are changing, and because of this, other areas linked with human society are slowly being dragged into the problem. The risks are appearing to become very obvious, and this needs to change. Personally I would feel quite anxious, threatened and helpless as I wouldn’t know what to do. If I were in this situation, I would contact local organisations and ask for advice, hence follow their steps in facing climate change. (Again, I used WWF as one of my main research sources as it has been globally awarded as one of most effective organisations when it comes to attacking climate change. Although, some other sources that I used such as articles written by SCMP may be a bit biased and subjective towards what the author thinks, as it is a China based news company)Personal perspective:Recently in Hong Kong, pollution and its effects on mainly marine life or seafood has been quite severe. If this continues to take place, Hong Kong’s weather patterns during the four seasons would drastically change. More frequent typhoons and storms could become a threat to certain residents in less developed areas, and even larger scales of marine life will be destroyed. This affects the lives of many locals, as some rely on fishing to earn an income, whereas others eat seafood as a ritual. The Hong Kong government should start set specific time limits for factories to operate and make sure no access/unneeded pollution is being produced. Furthermore, the government should make plans on how to deal with altering weather and prepare citizens for these changes, and make sure that overfishing is limited to a much more stable rate. Lastly, there needs to be an efficient way to dispose and eliminate rubbish in landfills without creating too much pollution, as this proves to be the “origin” of climate change. With the city being one of the main victims of pollution collected from factory emissions released in China, we have seen large scale changes in the presence of a shortened winter and frequent heat waves. Temperatures have risen by an average of 0.15 degrees celsius every decade, making most impacts on the ocean. (“Climate Change in Hong Kong”) The dirty water excreted into the ocean destroys large populations of marine species and alters food chains. Climate change has increased acidity levels as well as other water properties, putting heavy pressure on marine life. Reef-building corals are struggling survive through these changes. As water temperatures die, the algaes cannot live and the corals become bleached and colorless, eventually starving to death. As more carbon dioxide is produced from gas emissions, the ocean absorbs more of the gas which changes pH levels in the water. Beach dependent species such as marine turtles are affected by rising sea levels as they lose land space to lay eggs.This affects me personally, because now that the ocean is polluted, it is unsafe to consume locally caught fishes and other seafoods, therefore influencing my overall diet of food without a sentimental portion of seafood in my daily meals. (Lau, Jessica)I think that effects of climate change on wildlife in HK will start to appear shortly. Although, the government has set out emission targets to defeat climate change, and this shows that they are aware of the issue. Personally I would follow the plans that the government has for us citizens because I believe that we could make a change to the local environment if we all work together. If I was in this situation, I would plan out and set targets for local citizens because I feel like the more people involved, the more chance to make a difference and improve the issue. ( Again, SCMP is most of the time reliable and accurate, although information may not always be correct and may be biased because the background of the author is unknown. Websites such as UN where experts are specialised in publishing unbiased articles should be more appropriate.)Conclusion:I found that throughout the process of researching, completing my planner and finally writing this essay, I have learnt a lot more than I anticipated. Some new skills that I was able to learn and use really expanded my knowledge on the subject. I learnt to better manage what I am to do each lesson to make sure I work with the most efficient method possible and that I complete my task on time. The most difficult part of the IR was probably to complete the personal responses on global, national and personal perspectives. This is because I had to think thoroughly about what to write and the answers turned out to be a bit repetitive for each scenario, which meant that I had to brainstorm a lot of new ideas. Furthermore, justifying the different perspectives/opinions was also quite challenging because I had to put forward a lot of thought into deciding which one I thought was more effective and why. It was a topic that I was quite keen on researching about and I definitely had fun learning throughout the process. If I were to change what I did and improve next time, I would narrow down my topic to a more specific area that climate change most heavily impacted. This could ensure that my research is completed in more detail and analysed in more depth.