Eboni MinickProfessor Kim WindsorENG 1021 February 2018″The Story of an Hour” by Kate ChopinKate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” is written in a short story that describes a life of a miserable woman. She feels confined by being married to her husband and restricted to do what she really wants to do because at this time women were mostly stay-at-home wives. The woman is afflicted with an health issue that could end her life soon. After getting bad news about her husband is either going to break her or make her stronger. The story is told from a wife’s point of view, and how things we hope for will either bring us joy or disappointment in our lives.This short story was written in 1894. In a cultural context, after the years of 1804, laws were put in place to control problems of marriage, divorce, and property. This was a civil law that favored men. The men at that time was in charge of all domestic affairs and the women didn’t have much choices or equal rights as a man. Women was to be housewives, and did what the husband needed for them to do. In this story, “The Story of an Hour” captures how a woman wants to be free in her own rights and escaping restrictions that has her bound which is her husband.In the story, Mrs. Mallard suffers from heart problems. The bad news from her sister Josephine and a family friend has to broken down to her gently because her husband was pronounce died from a railroad accident. Mrs. Mallard is devastated and goes upstairs to her room to be alone where she gathers her thoughts. As she sits in her chair and looks out the window, she notices how life looks so fresh, new and free of life. The fear of being an independent woman was in her mind, but it suddenly left her body as she realized her husband was dead and she was a free woman. She was filled with joy and was going to be able to do whatever she wanted to because her husband was no longer going to be there to hold her back. After awhile, Mrs Mallard’s sister came to check on her and they walked back downstairs to their family friend, Mr. Richards. Not even a few seconds later, Mr. Mallard walks through the front door and Mrs. Mallard collapses. When doctors arrive she is pronounced dead from her heart trouble.A literary device that the story uses is irony. At the beginning of the story it tells us that Mrs. Mallard had trouble with her heart. So, as she got overly excited about her husband’s death, that put a strain on her heart even more. At the end of the story it states, “When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease- of joy that kills.” (Kirszner and Mandell 130) Putting a strain on her heart ended her losing her life she thought of all the possibilities she could do as a free woman.One literary criticism, is from author and critic, Lawrence I. Berkove. He evaluates Chopin’s works as he explains irony in a section in his book called, “Fatal Self-Assertion in Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour.” Berkove states, “what the story says: it’s heroine dies, ironically and tragically, just as she has been freed from a constricting marriage and has realized self-assertion as the deepest element of her being.” Berkove goes on to say, “… Chopin’s work is most radical and an attack on marriage and one one person’s dominance over another.” (Berkove, Lawrence)Another example of literary device is examining characterization of Mrs. Louise Mallard. Deep down inside she wants to be free and live out her dreams. Mrs. Mallard struggles inside to hide her emotions on how she feels about her husband’s death. She is starting to feel free from his presence as an independent woman. At first she thinks it will be difficult and people might judge her, but the fear leaves from her thoughts and she thinks of better opportunities for herself. It says in the text, “There would be no one to live for during those coming years; she would live for herself” (Kirszner and Mandell 129) Mrs. Mallard contemplates with her thought process and not knowing what to do with herself or how to act now that her husband is gone. Critic, Xuemei Wan, discusses the short story as she states, “Kate Chopin fully shows us the tremendous conflict between life and death among those women who had the more self-awareness. The less social living space according to the established social norms 100 years ago in a dramatic way.” It goes on to say, “the heroine’s strong desire for freedom and sudden death remind us of the philosophical thought of life and death” (English Language Teaching).Another Critic, from Articlemyriad, states, “through contrasting language and sentence structures to revel the emotions of Mrs. Mallard, the reader is able to enter her wild mind just as easily if her every thought was described in an itemized list. The reader is forced to ignore the outside world, mostly because it’s description offers nothing remarkable, and focus on her inner-life, which depicts a sad portrait of marriage” (ArticleMyriad). Last example of a literary device in this short story is symbolism. When Mrs. Mallard looks out the window, she notices everything that is surrounding her and how free it is. Such as the trees, patches of blue sky, a peddler, someone singing, and some sparrows. The window represents her freedom to life as she looks on the outside to fresh new things as her new beginning is going to start. In the text, it says, “… facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she sank, pressed down by a physical exhaustion that haunted her body and seemed to reach into her soul” (Kinszner and Mandell 128).