During the second-half of the 20th century, there were 10 Prime Ministers of Canada, which include some of the most notable Prime Ministers such as Lester B. Pearson, Jean Chrétien, and Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Many of these Prime Ministers have accomplished many great things for Canada and developed and modernized Canada as a nation. Lester B. Pearson (1963-1968) was gifted a Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his efforts to solve the Suez crisis of 1956. Jean Chrétien (1993-2003) made Liberal budget cuts, but fortunately, economic conditions were good, permitting in 1998 the first Canadian surplus in nearly 30 years. Pierre Trudeau (1968-1979) (1980-84) passed the Official Languages Act in 1969, gave Canada full independence, allowing Canadians to amend their own Constitution without requiring approval from Britain. Trudeau also introduced major changes to the Canadian Criminal Code. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau who developed, modernized and reshaped Canada as a nation was the best Prime Minister in during second-half of 20th century because he passed the Official Languages Act in 1969, gave Canada full independence, and introduced major changes to the Canadian Criminal Code.
Prime Minister Trudeau introduced the Official Languages Act in 1969. The act requires all federal businesses to provide services in English or French on request. The act recognized the equal status of English and French speaking people in Canada. Its main goal is to ensure that all Canadian citizens had access to federal services in the language of their choice. This act that Trudeau created in 1969 helped develop and modernize Canada as a nation because it gave equality and respect to both English and French speaking people across Canada, and ensured equal rights as well as equal privileges because you can speak either English or French anywhere in Canada respectfully. Canada is a multicultural nation, but it wasn’t always bilingual as a country. During the 1960’s, French Canadians were slowly becoming afraid of the English Canadian culture, because they did not know how much it would effect them, therefore worrying them. The Premiere of Quebec, Maurice Duplessis, in 1959, believed that Quebec should try to stay away from English Canadian influences. After his death in office, shortly after his election, Jean Lesage was elected Premiere in 1960, and gave Quebecers the concept of Quebec having a ‘special status’. Lesage wanted his government to get federal money so Quebec could have its own separate health, education, and social security programs from the rest of Canada. This started the ‘Quiet Revolution’. Prime Minister Trudeau created the Official Languages Act as a result of the ‘Quiet Revolution’, and as well as to stop it. Trudeau created this act because he wanted to unite everyone in Canada as a nation, and wanted to create equality to the English and French speaking people Trudeau wanted Canada to be a unified nation. The act also made Canada a bilingual country, as well as modernized and developed Canada because it created equal opportunities and rights for Canadians who spoke either language, no matter where you were in Canada. Trudeau also gave Canadian citizens full independence from the Constitution Act in 1982, which also developed and modernized Canada as a country, not to mention the Official Languages Act.
The Constitution Act in 1982 gave full power and independence to Canada, “allowing Canadians to amend their own Constitution without requiring approval from Britain.” This act then enacted the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. “The Charter guarantees certain political rights to Canadian citizens and civil rights of everyone in Canada from the policies and actions of all areas and levels of the government. It is designed to unify Canadians around a set of principles that embody those rights”. The charter includes many different features such as the fundamental freedoms, “freedom of conscience, freedom of religion, freedom of thought, freedom of belief, freedom of expression, freedom of the press”. This has helped develop and modernize Canada because it gives every Canadian citizen the right to express yourself, the right to believe and be in any religion. Before, British used to make decisions for Canada with the BNA Act, but now, Trudeau has created this Constitution Act which has helped build and modernize Canada in many different ways. Also, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms include: Democratic, Mobility, Legal, Equality, and Language rights, as well as many more. This charter has reshaped Canada in many different ways, and children are educated and aware of all their rights and freedoms which which will guide them and protect them in the future, thanks to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1982. Because of the charter, more people are aware of their rights and freedoms than ever before. Trudeau also modernized and made massive changes the Criminal Code during 1968-1969, which also helped develop and modernize Canada, not to mention the Official Languages Act and the Canadian Constitution.