Communication happens all around people in the social interactions that they experience every day. There are many different forms of communication. In all these different forms of communication, people use four modalities that help communication effectively. The four modalities are speaking, listening, reading, and writing. These modalities can be seen in the communication process, which, will help the communication between parties be done smoothly and effectively.
Listening is one of the most important skills in verbal communication. The model of communication begins with the sender who transmits a message to the receiver. The receiver decodes the message to understand it fully and then the receiver will respond back. This cycle of communication cannot be done without listening (Classnotes/Textbook). In a scientific article called, An Evolution of Communication Modalities: Very Young Cochlear Implant Users Who Transitioned from Sign to Speech During the First Years of Use, followed nineteen deaf babies who received cochlear implants at the ages between twelve to twenty-nine months old. The purpose of the study was to see the change in communication in children who had received cochlear implants. The participants were monitored for around twenty-four months to sixty months after receiving the implant. In the study, the researchers tested the children’s communication skills through the act of storytelling. Most of the participants were able to retell the stories by the ages of three to five. Shockingly, the children rarely communicated through the use of sign language. Many of the participants communicated mostly through verbal speech (Spencer/Bass-Ringdahl). This shows that listening is an important modality in learning how to effectively communicate.
The listening aspect of communication helps with the domain of phonology – the set of rules on how speech sounds are made. Many examples of communicating in peoples’ daily lives can be seen every day. For example, infants learn through the sounds around by their caregivers. The measure of responsiveness from the caregiver has been correlated to the child’s language abilities later in life (textbook).
In communication, at times people will use writing to “speak” to one another. An example, when someone loses their voice they might write what they want to say to someone on their phone. People use their language skills to improve their writing and reading skills or vice versa (class notes). For example, in elementary school students are taught to improve their vocabulary and grammar skills. Students learning new vocabulary and grammar through writing short answers or papers would help improve their language skills in the future.