Chapter believing that there is spirit that

Chapter 3



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chapter present the methods used in this study. It discusses the research design, research locale, participants of the
study, sampling procedure, research instrument, administration of instrument,
data analysis and research ethic.



This study utilized
the qualitative research which is often
described as a naturalistic, interpretative approach, concerned with exploring
phenomena from the interior (Flick, 2009). The acquired data from the Focus
Group Discussion (FGD) and Key Informant Interview (KII) were analyzed
according to themes or topics; beliefs and practices on maternal childcare of
the Matigsalug. 

Research Locale

The study was
conducted among the Matigsalug women in Barangay Kalagangan, San Fernando
Bukidnon. Matigsalug Tribe is a group of indigenous people living along the
“Salug”or river. Base on the study of Morales (2014) cited that the Matigsalug
people as small dark brown complexion and curly
hair. The name of their tribe was derived from “Matig” which means a place of
origin and “Salug” which refers to river. In general, the Matigsalug people are
known as “people of river”.The life of the tribe revolves in animistic spirit
believing that there is spirit that lives’ in water, land, trees and rock.

Barangay Kalagangan,
has a total land area of 5,888 and its population. Barangay Kalagangan belongs
to the 8th Barangay in the municipality of San Fernando, located in
the south eastern most portion of the province of Bukidnon.

In 2015 census, the
Municipality of San Fernando has a total population of 56,138 with a density of
80 inhabitants per square kilometer. Many portions of this municipality are
inhabited by the Matigsalug tribe like Barangay Kalagangan.

The barangay’s main
source of income is on planting corn, sweet potato, abaca, rice and other
crops. Hunting and fishing activities are still part of their daily life due to
the presence of rivers, like Pulangi River and forest. Elementary and High
School are available together with other facilities like covered court, day
care center and health center. The barangay has a special hall for special
tribal meeting, ritual and venue for solving conflicts. This hall is called Pamuhatan Hall which is designed for
significant purpose.



Figure2.Map of Municipality
of San Fernando





Participants of the Study

The participants of
this study were the women of Matigsalug tribe who were practicing different
beliefs in maternal and childcare. Six (6) women were selected purposively in
Kalagangan, San Fernando Bukidnon. Of the six respondents, three were in their
fifties; two were almost sixty, and one was in her forties. All of them are
married while one of them is a widow. More or less the number of children they
are is 8.

Sampling Procedure

study utilized purposive sampling since it is the most effective technique when
one needs to study complex set of maternal and childcare practices of a tribe.
Selected respondents were regarded as expert on indigenous knowledge. Purposive
sampling is fundamental to the quality of data gathering. Crossman (2017) said
that purposive sample isa non-probability sample
that is selected based on the characteristics of the population and the
objective of study.

 Research Instrument

The researchers
utilized a modified form of questionnaire from Morales (2014) which is a set of
interview questions. They also employed the focus group discussion (FGD) for
this study. A focus group discussion (FGD) is defined as semi-structured group discussions which yield qualitative data on
the community level by facilitating interaction between participants.

The Key
Informant Interview (KII) was also utilized in this study to provide additional
supports of the data. In-depth interview guides that are
related to indigenous maternal and childcare practices among Matigsalug tribe
are used.  The
responses from the respondents were audio-tape,
recorded, examined, and analyzed. These data were
categorized for purposes of classification and summarization.

of the Instrument

researchers asked permission from the barangay administrator to conduct the
study. When the barangay captain approved the study, the respondents were
informed as to what the study was all about and its purpose. An orientation was
conducted to clarify to the respondents the objectives and purpose of the
study. They were also assured on the confidentiality of the data gathered and
research ethics.

the orientation, the researchers conducted the focus group discussion (FGD)
among the 6 Matigsalug women who were chosen purposively as the participants of
this study. The answer of the respondents during the interview was treated with




researchers considered several research ethics in conducting the study such as
to informed consent from the, participant respect and accept whatever answers
were given and protect confidentially of the information.